South Sudan situation

woman carrying firewood
Angelina Peter, a mother of eight and an IDP living in Malakal walks home with a bunch of firewood. Incidents of floods in Fangaka are increasing in frequency and severity, with the last three years recording the worst floods in living memory history. Residents of Fangak continue to face serious challenges including inadequate food supply.   © UNHCR/Samuel Otieno

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Global Appeal 2022

South Sudan Situation

2022 Population planning figures

  • Refugees: 2.1 million
  • Asylum-seekers: 1,600 
  • IDPs: 1.3 million
  • Stateless persons: 10,000
  • Refugee returnees: 615,000

2022 Situation overview

Outbreaks of conflict, annual flooding as a result of climate change, and food insecurity continue to mar achievements on the humanitarian front, requiring agencies to maintain contingency stocks and rapid response capacity. While UNHCR does not promote or facilitate repatriation currently, self-organized returns are taking place, often to areas of South Sudan where access to basic services is extremely limited. There are also many movements across borders triggered by hardship in asylum countries, notably drastic reductions in food rations.

Human rights and humanitarian law violations are being committed by a variety of armed actors. Upper Nile and Equatoria states have become flashpoints for the resurgence of sub-national conflicts between clans and sub-clans, forcing people into displacement. This trend will likely continue in 2022 unless underlying causes linked to power sharing are resolved at the grass-roots community level. 

UNHCR aims to comprehensively address the protection needs of South Sudanese refugees with a particular emphasis on children, women and youth. Biometric registration, documentation and data management – in collaboration with host governments to support implementation of durable solutions strategies – will continue. Exploring and pursuing innovative approaches to refugee protection and self-reliance based on participatory assessments with all stakeholders will be critical. This includes systematically expanding cash assistance and other initiatives aimed at alleviating the dependency of refugees on aid.

The South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan includes 93 operational partners and will cater to the needs of nearly 2.1 million South Sudanese refugees in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda in 2022.

See more information on South Sudan situation page.
2022 Budget

Source: 2022 budget as approved by the Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme at its 72nd session in October 2021.