Afghanistan

Afghans make up one of the largest refugee populations globally.

 

US $215.9 million

are urgently needed from January to December 2024

 

Forcibly returned to Afghanistan: Data story

Children in a classrom
The Lower Sheikh Misri High School is located in the northern part of Jalalabad City and is a beacon of education for the region. Established as part of the resettlement efforts for 2006 refugee returnees from Pakistan, this institution has become a haven for over 5,000 students seeking knowledge and empowerment. © UNHCR/Oxygen Empire Media Production
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There are 2.6 million registered Afghan refugees worldwide with 2.2 million registered in Iran and Pakistan alone. Another 3.22 million people were internally displaced by the end of 2023, having fled their homes in search of refuge within Afghanistan.

Afghanistan has suffered more than 40 years of conflict, natural disasters, chronic poverty, and food insecurity. While hostilities ceased in 2021, conflict is no longer the primary driver of displacement. In addition to those who are internally displaced, Afghanistan continues to host 1.46 million IDP returnees, some 76,000 refugees who returned in 2023, and over 52,000 refugees. These groups urgently require both immediate protection and humanitarian assistance, as well as livelihoods support.

Moreover, Afghanistan continues to grapple with multiple humanitarian crises, deteriorating human rights (particularly for girls and women), economic instability, and severe climate shocks. In 2024, an estimated 23.7 million people – more than half of Afghanistan’s population – are projected to require humanitarian assistance.

The political uncertainty in Afghanistan reverberates across the region, demanding sustained attention and humanitarian efforts. UNHCR’s work in Afghanistan focuses on protecting the most vulnerable and assisting newly displaced Afghans with protection services, life-saving shelter, core relief items, and cash-based assistance, both within Afghanistan and in neighbouring countries. Together with our partners, we are committed to staying on the ground and delivering our emergency response as long as we can access those in need.

Explore UNHCR’s Operational Data Portal for more information and updates related to Afghanistan and the Afghanistan situation.
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Populations

valDoubleCounted
nbHost
nbTotalPoc
valTotalStateless

Population types

Note: The "Stateless" category does not include stateless people who are also in other categories, to avoid double counting. The total number of stateless, across all categories, is  .

NB: 2023 figures are planning figures.

Source: UNHCR Refugee Data Finder for years until 2022, UNHCR planning figures (COMPASS) otherwise.

Population by country

NB: 2023 figures are planning figures.

Source: UNHCR Refugee Data Finder for years until 2022, UNHCR planning figures (COMPASS) otherwise.

Population by origin

NB: 2023 figures are planning figures.

Source: UNHCR Refugee Data Finder for years until 2022, UNHCR planning figures (COMPASS) otherwise.

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Financials

Budget and expenditure trend

Source: 2024 budget and 2023 current budget are taken from the budget document approved by UNHCR's Executive Committee in October 2023.

Budget by pillar

Budget by objective

Note: The table presents the  budget for this operation broken down at the objective level. Resource allocation at the objective level is subject to change during the course of the year as the operational situation evolves and priorities shift. The current budget, reflected in the bottom line of this table, is updated on a monthly basis and is replaced by the final budget at year-end.

Expenditure by Outcome Area

Budget by Impact Area

Protect: Attaining favourable protection environments
Respond: Realizing rights in safe environments
Empower: Empowering communities and achieving gender equality
Solve: Securing solutions

Source: 2023 budget as approved by the Executive Committee in October 2022.
2022 current budget as approved by the High Commissioner as of October 2022; pending presentation to the ExCom's Standing Committee.

Budget by Outcome and Enabling Areas

Source: 2023 budget as approved by the Executive Committee in October 2022.
2022 current budget as approved by the High Commissioner as of October 2022; pending presentation to the ExCom's Standing Committee.

Budget by Impact Area

Protect: Attaining favourable protection environments
Respond: Realizing rights in safe environments
Empower: Empowering communities and achieving gender equality
Solve: Securing solutions

Source: 2024 budget and 2023 current budget are taken from the budget document approved by UNHCR's Executive Committee in October 2023.

Budget by Outcome and Enabling Areas

Budget by Impact Area

Protect: Attaining favourable protection environments
Respond: Realizing rights in safe environments
Empower: Empowering communities and achieving gender equality
Solve: Securing solutions

Budget by Outcome and Enabling Areas

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Impact indicators
Performance indicators
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Strategy
Strategy - Country
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Latest updates

10 May - 10 June 2024
published
5 hours ago
Afghanistan Funding Update - 2024
06-Jun-24
published
1 week ago
01 May 2024
published
1 month ago
October 2023 - April 2024
published
1 month ago
05 April 2024
published
2 months ago
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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.
UNHCR GIS data is publicly accessible in the Operational Data Portal