United Republic of Tanzania - DRC & other refugees and asylum seekers in Kigoma


Favourable Protection Environment: Priorities will be to ensure that access to territory is enhanced and cases of refoulement are minimized; improve access to asylum procedures that meet minimum standards advocated by UNHCR to reduce the large number of asylum-seekers whose refugee status determination (RSD) process is still pending which currently stands at 21,632 persons from the DRC. Continuous advocacy with the Government to issue IDs to refugees who are 18 years of age and above is also a priority to enhance protection, enjoyment of rights and access services including financial livelihood opportunities. A multi-sectoral and community-based approach will be utilized to prevent, mitigate and respond to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). Particular attention will be paid in strengthening child protection case management process and respond to individual needs of children with heightened protection risks. Best Interest Assessments of children will be increased from 53% in 2019 to 65% by end of 2020. Re-harmonizing of the registration process will be prioritized to pave the way for the transition of registration activities to the Government. The enrolment of the entire population in the Biometric Identity Management System and the roll out of the Global Distribution Tool will be key priority areas to enhance assistance distribution.
Durable Solutions: Resettlement will continue to be part of a multi-year plan for durable solutions for protracted populations and a protection tool for persons with specific needs as well as women at risk. 5,000 Congolese refugees will be submitted for resettlement and enhanced fraud mitigation will be implemented. Depending on the stability of DRC, voluntary repatriation for some 2,000 refugees may also be assisted.
Livelihoods: Apart from continuous advocacy efforts, the response will focus on what is possible considering the prevailing environment/restrictions, and concentrate on kitchen gardens, life skills and computer literacy training for food security and building resilience directed at a limited number of people of concern.
Education: The priority is to ensure access to equitable quality formal and alternative education to 95% of school-aged children in primary education, 60% in secondary education, and 44% enrolled in Early Childhood Education. Collaboration with the National Examinations Council of Tanzania, universities, development partners and donors will continue to help increase access to higher education by qualified Congolese refugees.
Shelter: The prioritized response will only target upgrading 300 shelters of Congolese to mitigate protection risks currently faced by female-headed households. 500 transitional shelters that are resistant to heavy rains will be constructed for Congolese asylum-seekers. This will increase the adequate shelter coverage by less than 1% by the end of 2020.
WASH: The sector will focus on improvement of the water supply network, purchase of backup systems and increase in tap coverage to 80 person/tap. Maintaining the crude coverage of litres per person per day above standards (24 l/p/d) will be the main goal. On sanitation, the sector will prioritise construction of 1,500 household latrines. This will improve latrine coverage from 69% to 75% by the end of 2020. Hygiene promotion activities will be maintained across the camps to ensure that the population remains vigilant and practicing good hygiene.
Health: Improving the quality of health services and maintaining low crude and under five mortality rates will be prioritized. Five facilities will be maintained and properly equipped with equipment, drugs, medical supplies and minimum staffing. Advocacy will be made for the inclusion of refugees into national programmes. 5% of total outpatient consultations and 15% of total deliveries in the camps will be with the host communities.
Energy: The sector will focus on ensuring safe access and provision of sustainable alternative sources of energy for the Congolese. Access to sustainable energy through community-based briquette manufacturing and Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) will be limited to 5% of the Congolese population.