source: Operational data portal
This page will be regularly updated. For additional information, visit the Ukraine emergency page on unhcr.org.
Global Appeal 2023
2023 situation overview
The international armed conflict in Ukraine has forced millions of people to leave their homes in search of safety and protection. They will require assistance inside the country and across Europe.
In Ukraine, homes and critical infrastructure have been damaged and destroyed. Outages of electricity, heating and water have been seen in many areas, while other services such as health care, public transport and internet connectivity have also been disrupted. As a result, many people find themselves without accommodation and unable to meet their basic needs, including for food, water and medicine. The delivery of assistance remains difficult in many areas due to ongoing hostilities and the resulting lack of safe humanitarian access. In 2023, the needs inside Ukraine are expected to remain enormous. UNHCR will continue to support the Government in its response to the needs of internally displaced and conflict-affected people, responding to immediate needs through cash assistance, the distribution of core relief items, shelter and winterization support, while contributing to early recovery as part of the coordinated inter-agency response.
Most refugees from Ukraine have fled to neighbouring countries, while some have sought safety elsewhere in Europe. Host countries continue to demonstrate extraordinary solidarity, providing refugees with protection and assistance. The scale of the displacement, however, continues to put considerable pressure on available services. In 2023, the focus of the response is expected to transition from emergency response to supporting governments in fostering the inclusion of refugees in national systems. Some operations, including in the Republic of Moldova, will continue small-scale, targeted cash-for-protection programmes for the most vulnerable. Given the exceptionally high proportion of women and children among the refugees, activities to prevent and respond to gender-based violence, sexual exploitation and abuse and trafficking will remain a priority, as well as child protection activities.
UNHCR will continue to extend its support to refugee-hosting countries in the coordination of the response, including through the Regional Refugee Response Plan for the Ukraine situation.
The Russian Federation’s military offensive against Ukraine launched on 24 February 2022 has triggered one of the fastest-growing refugee emergencies in history, and the largest since World War II. Millions of people have been displaced internally or forced to seek refuge abroad. Across Ukraine, critical infrastructure has been damaged or destroyed. This has caused total outages of electricity, heating and water in some areas, while other services such as internet connectivity, medical care and public transport have been disrupted. As a result, many people find themselves with no resources or information on where to find safety and accommodation and are unable to meet their basic needs including food, water and medicines. Given the lack of safe humanitarian access, the delivery of life-saving aid is difficult in many areas.
An estimated 90% of the refugees from Ukraine are women and children. They have mostly fled to neighbouring countries. Most have fled to Poland, but significant numbers have sought safety in Hungary, the Republic of Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, and other countries in the region. These countries have demonstrated extraordinary solidarity, providing immediate assistance to people arriving but the scale of the displacement is putting considerable pressure on available services, and on hosting communities. Of the refugee population, a significant portion has continued onward to other European countries.
OCHA’s revised Flash Appeal outlines the most pressing needs of 17.7 million people inside Ukraine, 6.2 million of whom are IDPs. As per its mandate, UNHCR has in parallel coordinated the regional Refugee Response Plan (RRP) for the Ukraine Situation, responding to the needs of people who have fled Ukraine. The recalibrated Refugee Response plan was issued in October 2022. This will support governments in responding to the needs of up to 9.65 million refugees in Hungary, the Republic of Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and other affected countries, and provide support to hard-pressed host communities.
Given that the emergency has exceeded the worst-case scenario, UNHCR’s additional requirements for the Ukraine Situation are $1,416.8 billion for March to December 2022.
Source: 2022 budget as approved by the Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme at its 72nd session in October 2021.