Operation: South Sudan
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|2021 planning figures|
|860,000||refugees, asylum-seekers, spontaneous refugee returnees, IDPs and persons at risk of statelessness will receive protection and assistance|
|320,000||of refugees will have access to primary health-care services|
|300,000||IDPs will have access to protection services and core relief items|
|65,000||refugee households will receive core relief items|
|175||peaceful co-existence projects will benefit returnee and host communities|
|90%||of refugee children will be enrolled in primary education|
|2019 year-end results|
|100%||of refugees had access to primary health care services.|
|100%||of known survivors of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) received appropriate support.|
|92.5%||of births were attended by skilled personnel, an increase from 88.5% in 2018.|
|78.7%||of school-aged children were enrolled in primary education, an increase from 59% in 2018.|
|18,300||out of 36,750 targeted refugee households received core relief items.|
|3,000||out of 5,300 targeted household had sanitary facilities and latrines constructed.|
People of Concern
Operational environmentThe complex and unpredictable operational and political environment in South Sudan remains of concern. The implementation, since September 2018, of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS) will continue to provide a general sense of stability and increase access for humanitarian workers in 2021. Nonetheless, sporadic violence and communal clashes will likely result in pockets of new displacement. This, coupled with COVID-19-related restrictions on movement, will result in a worsening economic situation and lack of access to basic services for people of concern.
The Government will maintain an open-door policy for refugees and asylum-seekers, providing a safe haven to those fleeing conflict. UNHCR will continue to provide protection and multi-sector assistance to refugees and host communities, including shelter, health care, water and sanitation, education and livelihoods. Furthermore, UNHCR will support its Government counterparts in advancing the pledges made towards the implementation of the Global Compact on Refugees, focusing on solutions, education, livelihoods and environmental protection.
UNHCR will build on the achievements of the 2020 IDP Initiative to increase its geographical footprint and operational response in situations of internal displacement, including responding to protection needs, and providing non-food items and shelter assistance.
With limited progress linked to conditions conducive for durable solutions, UNHCR does not anticipate the large-scale facilitated return of refugees from neighboring countries or IDPs to areas of origin in 2021. However, building on the momentum of previous return movements, and in the framework of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)-led Sudan and South Sudan Solutions Initiative, small-scale self-organized returns are likely to continue in 2021, with a continued emphasis on support to sustainable reintegration in communities of return.
In 2021, UNHCR will continue to strengthen collaboration with actors engaged in early recovery and development efforts, such as WFP, FAO and UNDP to jointly contribute to conditions that will help secure durable solutions and address the root causes of displacement, in close consultation with the Government of South Sudan. UNHCR will also continue to work with the Government of South Sudan to operationalize the Government’s National Plan of Action to End Statelessness, endorsed in 2020.
COVID-19 will continue to affect UNHCR’s operation in South Sudan in 2021, including the overall protection risks and heighten vulnerability of IDPs, refugees, host communities and returnees. UNHCR will continue to work to ensure the inclusion of people of concern in national response plans.
- Maintain protection monitoring and analysis to address specific protection risks and conduct evidence-based advocacy.
- Respond to humanitarian needs in refugee camps and host communities through coordination and robust operational delivery of protection services, shelter assistance, core relief items, camp management, health care, education and livelihoods.
- Ensure a rapid response capacity for emergencies, including in situations of internal displacement linked to flooding or conflict.
- Strengthen data collection for new and protracted displacement, needs and protection risks; pursue engagement with key actors in protection advocacy and the operational response; and empower refugees and IDPs to secure durable solutions.
- Enhance returnee monitoring at border crossing points and areas of high return to identify opportunities and challenges to refugee return and reintegration.
- Contribute to confidence-building measures through peaceful co-existence initiatives that target all communities of concern.
- Provide technical support to the Government and other stakeholders on integrated programming to operationalize the humanitarian-development nexus, in an effort to create conditions conducive to solutions.