For information on UNHCR's operation in Peru prior to 2019, please see the Regional Office Argentina page. 

Operation: Opération: Peru



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Key Figures

2019 year-end figures
48,000  people received basic relief items, such as water, diapers, toilet paper, energy bars, salty cookies, sunscreen and mosquito repellent
15,000  Venezuelan refugees and migrants received cash transfers and vouchers to cover their basic needs
11,000  medical consultations were provided for people of concern in Arequipa, Lima, Puerto Maldonado, Tacna and Tumbes
7,500  people of concern were reached through six rounds of protection monitoring, which included provision of information and referral to specialized services according to their needs
400 women, men and children living with HIV were referred to specialized national health services
68 organizations actively participated in regular meetings of the inter-agency national response for Venezuelans platform
2020 planning figures
>8,370 vulnerable households will receive multipurpose cash grants
>2,000 monitoring visits will be conducted and reported
15 reception centres will be improved or maintained
10 peaceful co-existence projects will be implemented

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

2019 867,821


[["Refugees",2879],["Asylum-seekers",487078],["Venezuelans displaced abroad",377864]]
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2019 {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"budget":[null,null,null,null,20.49633232,48.62553417],"expenditure":[null,null,null,null,14.17369775,null]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[null,null,null,null,20.49633232,48.62553417],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[null,null,null,null,14.17369775,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]}
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  • 2019
  • 2020

Year-end Overview

Operational context

Peru was one of the first countries in the region to introduce an alternative legal pathway for Venezuelans in 2018 - a temporary stay permit (or PTP for its Spanish acronym). The introduction of a humanitarian visa requirement for Venezuelans in June 2019, however, saw an increase in the number of irregular entries in the second part of the year. The procedure to claim asylum at the border was also reviewed, resulting in asylum-seekers waiting up to 30 days at the border for a decision.  

While Peru remained an important host country for large numbers of refugees and migrants, negative attitudes towards them were a driving force in public narratives in 2019, impacting the protection space in the country. 

Population trends

Peru was host to over 867,800 people of concern, whom were Venezuelan refugees and migrants (67% of whom were women and children) by the end of 2019, making it the second-largest destination country for Venezuelans. It was also the country that had received the highest number of asylum claims from Venezuelans in the world, with a total of almost 487,100 asylum claims having been filed by the end of the year. Only 1,230 Venezuelans were recognized as refugees in 2019.  

The country also hosts smaller numbers of asylum-seekers and refugees mostly from Colombia, Cuba, Haiti and Yemen.  

By the end of the year, over 432,000 people held a temporary residence permit (PTP) and 133,000 had other migratory permits.


UNHCR continued responding to the emergency at borders where some 280,000 people received life-saving health care, shelter, basic relief items and cash transfers to meet essential needs.   

UNHCR supported the Government to establish a new registration system for asylum-seekers through software, identification cards and additional staff.  More than 53,000 asylum-seekers received an identification document, facilitating their access to services.  

More than 36,000 Venezuelans received basic information, as well as legal and social counselling, at the Binational Border Centre (CEBAF) in Tumbes and five other orientation centers in Lima. 

To foster livelihoods and inclusion, nearly 300 people benefitted from entrepreneurship and vocational trainings, while 200 small businesses received seed capital. UNHCR supported the procedure for recognition of university degrees for some 100 Venezuelan health professionals.  

Over 16,000 individuals were reached through social inclusion activities under the #TuCausaEsMiCausa campaign, aimed at mitigating the impact of xenophobia.  

Unmet needs

The operation was funded at 74% by the end of 2019. 

As a result of limited funding, only 13% of households in need of assistance received cash transfers or relief items.  

Also due to funding shortfalls, UNHCR was unable to support the enrollment of children under 5 in the national education system resulting in increased exposure to negative coping mechanisms and other protection risks. Only 6% of children-at-risk identified by the local authorities received adequate support in alternative childcare facilities. 

Plan Overview

Latest contributions
  • 09-OCT-2020
  • 06-OCT-2020
    United States of America

    private donors

  • 05-OCT-2020
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

  • 03-OCT-2020
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

  • 02-OCT-2020
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

  • Republic of Korea
  • 01-OCT-2020
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

  • Spain
  • 30-SEP-2020

    private donors

  • Greece

    private donors

  • Netherlands

    private donors

  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

  • Brazil

    private donors

  • Sweden

    private donors

  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

  • Germany

    private donors

  • Spain

    private donors

  • Mexico

    private donors

  • United Arab Emirates

    private donors

  • Belgium

    private donors