Sahel situation

Malian Refugee women carry their belongings through Mbera refugee camp.
Malian Refugee women carry their belongings through Mbera refugee camp, in February 2020. Mbera camp in south-east Mauritania is home to nearly 60,000 Malian refugees. Since the outbreak of conflict in Mali in 2012, refugees have continued to arrive and their population is now double that of the host community. UNHCR is implementing projects and supporting services to benefit both the refugee and local community. ©UNHCR/Sylvain Cherkaoui  

Latest updates

Global Appeal 2022

Sahel Situation

2022 Population planning figures

  • Refugees: 1 million
  • IDPs: 3 million
  • Other people of concern: 569,000

2022 Situation overview

Forced displacement is at an unprecedented high, with over 4 million refugees and internally displaced people across the region, increasingly concentrated around urban centres, creating additional strain on land availability, housing, public services and livelihoods. As conflict and violence shows no sign of abating in the Sahel, more families are expected to flee their homes in 2022.

In this extremely difficult and volatile context, UNHCR will launch a revised strategy in 2022 to structure its response in the Sahel. UNHCR will continue to support the emergency response with a focus on provision of shelter and core relief items, education, and climate action, as well prevention of and response to gender-based violence. As the conflict continues to expand southwards with an impact on coastal countries, UNHCR will also sustain its support to these countries in their emergency preparedness and contingency planning.

To seek solutions and better address the deep-seated and intertwined root causes of the regional crisis, UNHCR will also ensure that the humanitarian response is complemented by more long-term interventions. Launched to implement the conclusions of the Bamako Declaration of 2019, and bringing together the Governments of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger as well as key humanitarian, development and peace actors, the Bamako process will play a key role in this coordination effort.

See more information on Sahel situation page.
2022 Budget

Countries affected