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|2021 planning figures|
|502,921||refugees and asylum-seekers will receive protection and assistance|
|100%||of people of concern will be registered on an individual basis|
|100%||of people of concern will have access to primary health-care services|
|80%||of refugees opting for voluntary repatriation will receive return packages|
|75%||of school-age refugee children will be enrolled in early childhood, primary and secondary education|
|2019 year-end results|
|100%||of refugees had access to primary health care services with over 8,000 households enrolled in the National Health Insurance Fund.|
|107,750||refugees were enrolled in primary schools across the country, representing 50% of school-aged children.|
|27,130||new arrivals were registered by the Refugee Affairs Secretariat.|
|2,330||individuals were assisted to return to their countries of origin.|
People of Concern
Operational environmentThe situations in the two main countries of origin for refugees in Kenya (Somalia and South Sudan), the emerging crisis in Ethiopia and the unclear future in Democratic Republic of the Congo, will continue to influence the refugee response in Kenya. The COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya in 2020, which resulted in major restrictions of humanitarian access and general lockdown in operational areas, limited the scope of activities to critical basic services and adversely affected livelihoods and socio-economic gains made for refugees and host communities in previous years. This notwithstanding, the implementation of the Global Compact on Refugees agenda for inclusion and comprehensive solutions will continue, albeit on a scale commensurate to the resources available. Kenya will continue to provide asylum to half a million people of concern – 422,104 of whom live in camps and 80,817 of whom are based in urban centers – with its borders remaining open, unless international travel continues to be curtailed to control repeated outbreaks of the pandemic.
The Government of Kenya will continue to support refugee inclusion in the national social services, such as education, health, child protection and social protection. While the Government of Kenya has fully taken over registration, documentation and refugee status determination (RSD) procedures, weaknesses in the national asylum system will need to be addressed through the provision of technical, financial and capacity development support to the Refugee Affairs Secretariat (RAS), the Refugee Appeal Board and the Judicial Review Division of the High Court.
Through RAS, the Government will take the lead on refugee protection, in line with its mandate and with support from UNHCR. The renewed memorandum of understanding for the Security Partnership Project will support the Government to provide safety and security in the camps, and UNHCR and the Government will work together to ensure the civilian and humanitarian character of refugee camps and settlements. Partnership with the Government at county level will be guided by the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework to ensure that beneficiaries have access to basic services in Nairobi, Turkana and Garissa counties, in addition to supporting host communities. UNHCR will also support counties in the implementation of their respective plans – the Kalobeyei Integrated Socioeconomic Development Plan and the Garissa Integrated Socioeconomic Development Plan – into which refugee settlements have been included, and provide technical assistance as needed. Under the leadership of the Resident Coordinator’s Office, participation in the 2018-2022 United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework, including for coordination, implementation, monitoring and reporting purposed will be a key priority.
Key prioritiesUNHCR will work with the Government and other stakeholders to ensure access to basic services in addition to the COVID-19 pandemic response, including health, water, sanitation and hygiene services, shelter and education. Protection services such as prevention and response to gender-based violence, support to children, and services for persons with specific protection concerns, including older persons, persons with disabilities and women at risk will also be available to people of concern. UNHCR will also continue to work with the Government of Kenya on the reduction of statelessness in order to advocate for the registration of the Shona and Pemba communities.
The main objectives that UNHCR in Kenya will focus on include:
- Engaging with the Government to support the inclusion of refugees into national service delivery mechanisms, with a focus on education, health and social protection systems.
- Strengthening the asylum space and ensuring the principle of non-refoulement is respected; working with the Government on the 2019 Refugee Bill as well as policies to end statelessness; facilitating registration of new arrivals by the Government; and ensuring data integration into the National Integrated Identity Management System.
- Ensuring enrolment and retention of school-aged children in early childhood education, as well as in primary and secondary school levels, and providing them with educational services in line with the national curriculum.
- Providing refugees and asylum-seekers with access to primary health care through direct service provision, as well as enrolment into the National Health Insurance Scheme.
- Supporting returns to Somalia, Burundi and Ethiopia and providing counselling, transportation and return grants to facilitate repatriation.