How UNHCR will make a difference
In 2024, UNHCR will engage in RSD-related work in more than 132 countries, either by strengthening the asylum system or by undertaking refugee determination directly under its Mandate. With funding declining, UNHCR will focus on supporting priority areas for maximum impact: improving laws and policy frameworks related to asylum systems; supporting the implementation of diversified RSD processes, such as a prima facie approach to the recognition of refugee status; and helping to increase institutional and staff capacity to deliver fair asylum decisions efficiently. This will be done by providing technical support and advice, access to global expertise, increasing the engagement of a broad spectrum of stakeholders and specific guidance on core topics. For example, in Mexico, South Africa and Türkiye, UNHCR gives guidance and advice on maintaining fairness in asylum procedures, such as access to an effective appeal, while supporting increased efficiency.
UNHCR will expand the exchange between States and other stakeholders through the dialogue platform of the Asylum Capacity Support Group (ACSG) established under the Global Compact on Refugees. The platform will enable States to call for support if they need it, enhance their expertise and resolve problems. UNHCR will also issue guidance and tools for status determination, including country of origin information and country guidance documents, particularly for refugee-producing countries and those for which information is lacking. An asylum capacity assessment tool will enable States to assess and improve their systems. In line with its route-based approach to mixed movement, UNHCR will also provide tools and resources to support States in quickly processing manifestly well-founded and unfounded applications, to ensure prompt access to asylum and reduce backlogs.
Top ten operational budgets for Status determination (USD millions)
UNHCR will issue a global multi-year asylum capacity development strategy in 2024, outlining how it will bring together national, regional and development actors and international financing institutions for a broader base of support.
In 45 countries where there is no fair and efficient asylum system in place, UNHCR will continue implementing mandate RSD. Building on previous work in implementing the RSD Procedural Standards, UNHCR will keep assessing its engagement so that it only conducts mandate RSD when there are clear benefits for protection or solutions. It will streamline mandate RSD processes to be as efficient as possible while maintaining quality. In States that lack dedicated statelessness determination procedures, especially those with large numbers of stateless migrants, UNHCR will engage in legislative processes and advocacy to strengthen laws and policies for the identification and protection of stateless people. UNHCR will support States with insufficient procedures to bring their status determination systems into line with international standards.