Eritrea

 

Operation: Opération: Eritrea

Location

{"longitude":40,"latitude":15,"zoom_level":0,"iso_codes":"'ERI'"}

By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

 

Key Figures

2021 planning figures
400 refugees and returnees will benefit from protection assistance
200 refugees will receive monthly multi-purpose cash assistance
40 refugees will benefit from facilitated voluntary return
2019 year-end results
100% of refugees (80) in the Umkulu camp received permanent shelter and monthly food assistance (4.5kg of corn soya blend).
100% of urban refugees (140) received monthly multipurpose cash assistance.
100% of refugees had access to comprehensive health care, including referral services.
100% of the refugees in the camp (over 2,150) received monthly cash assistance for the first 4 months of the year.
800 More than 800 school-age refugee children were enrolled in school during the first 4 months of the year.

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

75%
Decrease in
2019
2019 650
2018 2,570
2017 2,879

 

[["Refugees",199],["Returned refugees",434],["Others of concern",17]]
Loading ...

Eritrea

< Back
2019 {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"budget":[4.89103671,3.8990943,5.22322441,9.72828768,9.528287220000001,8.72828675],"expenditure":[3.52431606,3.72825424,3.88632205,2.4504214500000003,null,null]} {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"p1":[4.89103671,3.8990943,5.22322441,9.72828768,9.528287220000001,8.72828675],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"p1":[3.52431606,3.72825424,3.88632205,2.4504214500000003,null,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]}
Loading ...

CHOOSE A YEAR
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019
  • 2020
  • 2021

Year-end Overview

Plan Overview

Operational environment 

Eritrea is host to some 200 refugees from Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan, a majority of whom (approximately 140) live in urban settings, while some 80 are hosted in Umkulu refugee camp, as of end 2020. Furthermore, UNHCR expects an additional 200 Eritrean returnees from Libya, Sudan and South Sudan in 2021, all of whom will require assistance to reintegrate. The Office also anticipates receiving Ethiopian refugees from the Tigray region, given the ongoing conflict. A UNHCR-led Refugee Preparedness and Contingency Plan for some 10,000 Ethiopian refugees is in place.
 
The protection environment in Eritrea is challenging, with no legal framework for refugees as Eritrea is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention and applicable frameworks, nor the two Statelessness Conventions. Since 2019, the relationship with the Government has remained strained, with cooperation increasingly conditional on UNHCR repealing its eligibility guidelines for assessing the international protection needs of asylum-seekers from Eritrea. UNHCR’s access to refugees and operational activities in Eritrea have been tightly constrained as a result, limiting the Office’s access to the refugee camp and ability to ensure service provision. In 2021 this will continue impacting UNHCR’s ability to support voluntary repatriations and the registration of new arrivals. Access to urban refugees, which has been denied by the Government throughout 2020, will likely also continue to be limited in 2021.
 
UNHCR will continue to work in cooperation with the UN Country Team, participating in the various inter-agency groups. 

Key priorities

In 2021, UNHCR will focus on:
  • Advocating for access to the refugee population.
  • Advocating for access to asylum in Eritrea – including advocating for the ratification of the Refugee Convention 1951 and its 1967 Protocol, as well as the two Statelessness Conventions.
  • Advocating for the Government to adopt national asylum legislation, in line with international law to ensure the right to asylum and to uphold its international obligations towards refugees, especially in light of regional uncertainties.
  • Providing basic assistance and support to refugees in the camp and urban areas through partners or alternative arrangements, such as cash assistance.
  • Advocating and working towards finding durable solutions for refugees and returnees in Eritrea. 
  • Prioritizing protection and assistance to support returnee reintegration.
Latest contributions
  • 28-FEB-2021
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $314,422
  • Greece

    private donors

    $146,225
  • Canada

    private donors

    $386,689
  • China

    private donors

    $952,279
  • Spain

    private donors

    $6,253,100
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $8,009,396
  • Thailand

    private donors

    $482,592
  • Denmark

    private donors

    $66,194
  • 27-FEB-2021
    Italy

    private donors

    $1,909,070
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $196,427
  • 26-FEB-2021
    Japan

    private donors

    $95,999
  • 24-FEB-2021
    Republic of Korea
    $200,000
  • 19-FEB-2021
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $472,038
  • 17-FEB-2021
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $129,144
  • Japan
    $73,450,115
  • 16-FEB-2021
    Japan
    $3,450,000
  • 15-FEB-2021
    Czech Republic

    private donors

    $949,966
  • 14-FEB-2021
    Canada

    private donors

    $386,164
  • 12-FEB-2021
    Sweden
    $32,389,632
  • 11-FEB-2021
    United Arab Emirates

    private donors

    $155,804