Tunisia

 

Operation: Opération: Tunisia

Location

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Key Figures

2018 year-end results
1,150 judges, lawyers, police, border guards, journalists, and NGO staff trained on national asylum framework and on international protection principles
714 714 people newly registered with UNHCR (a 42% increase from the previous year)
96 refugees supported through livelihoods programmes between January and September
11 vulnerable refugees resettled to other countries
0 cases of refoulement or arbitrary arrest reported
2019 planning figures
400 students will be enrolled in primary and  lower secondary education 
400 people, including government officials, judges, lawyers, staff in partner organizations, and members of civil society, will be trained on refugee issues
200 refugee households will receive cash grants
70 people of concern will be provided with training on financial literacy, language and entrepreneurship/business
280 people of concern will be provided with accommodations
100 people will be provided with psychosocial support and 260 families with material support

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

73%
Increase in
2018
2018 1,330
2017 770
2016 685

 

[["Refugees",1066],["Asylum-seekers",256],["Others of concern",8]]
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Tunisia

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2018 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[5.976656858,6.64456048,5.05078387,6.57069731,5.69484318,7.759937],"expenditure":[4.41008572,3.59359927,3.59924158,4.20083949,4.03289777,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[5.976656858,6.64456048,5.05078387,6.57069731,5.69484318,7.759937],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[4.41008572,3.59359927,3.59924158,4.20083949,4.03289777,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]}
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Operational environment

The protection environment in Tunisia remained favourable during 2018, despite a slight increase in new arrivals from Libya. Migration and asylum concerns continued to figure prominently in the discourse at the national level. The enactment of a domestic asylum law made considerable headway after a draft law was finalized, though the statute has yet to be adopted. Despite high-level support to advance the draft asylum law, competing concerns ultimately hindered its formal adoption in 2018. 
 

Population trends

The number of people of concern in Tunisia increased considerably in 2018 – by approximately 42% – amounting to nearly 1,400 registered refugees and asylum-seekers. Arrivals to Tunisia continued by land and air from neighbouring sub-Saharan countries, as well as by land and sea from Libya. Syrian nationals made up the majority of people of concern, constituting some 68% of registered refugees. A large number of third country nationals transited by land from Libya, including an unexpectedly high number of Eritrean nationals.
 

Key achievements

  • The introduction of cash assistance for education during the scholastic year, beginning October 2018.
  • Improved distribution of multi-sectorial cash assistance, including to people with specific needs, such as survivors of sexual and gender-based violence.
  • Enhanced referral, profiling, and temporary shelter assistance through collaboration with partners.
  • New cooperation with local partners improved support for protection solutions and assistance to refugees and asylum-seekers. 

Unmet needs

  • Lack of funding limited the number of people of concern who were able to benefit from assistance for vocational training and support for micro-projects relating to employment.
  • Enhanced community-based protection and case management is necessary to help strengthen the resilience of refugees, for example by combatting school dropouts and addressing negative coping strategies such as begging. 
  • An increase in the number of asylum-seekers put added strain on UNHCR’s capacity to conduct refugee status determination. Furthermore, insufficient capacity to conduct proper resettlement interviews and assessments left the operation at a 56% rate of resettlement implementation against its set target.  

Working environment

 
Some 1,000 refugees and asylum-seekers are registered with UNHCR in Tunisia, with a majority residing in urban centres. Like other countries in the subregion, Tunisia is characterized by mixed movements, with people arriving both by land and sea.
 
The working environment in Tunisia remains favourable. The 2014 Constitution refers to the right to asylum and protection against refoulement. Despite the political and socio-economic difficulties faced by Tunisia, UNHCR and Tunisian authorities are working toward adopting a national asylum law. UNHCR support and assistance to refugees, through direct financial assistance for the most vulnerable or through livelihood initiatives, continues to be needed.
 

Key priorities

 
In 2018, UNHCR will focus on strengthening the favourable protection environment and formalising the asylum space by:
  • Supporting the finalisation of the national asylum law;
  • Maintaining a positive public attitude towards refugees and asylum-seekers by developing communication campaigns and targeted material support to public facilities, such as schools, hospitals, reception centres;
  • Increasing the resilience of refugees through livelihood initiatives and by giving direct assistance to the most vulnerable.
 
To ensure Tunisia’s readiness in case of further deterioration of the situation in Libya and risk of mass influx, UNHCR will keep updating the contingency plan and support the preparedness activities of the authorities.
 
Mixed movements by sea and land are likely to continue, and therefore UNHCR will maintain its protection role and fosters cooperation with IOM and local actors, to identify and respond to the needs of persons in search of international protection.
Latest contributions
  • 14-NOV-2019
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    $10,296,011
  • 13-NOV-2019
    Switzerland
    $504,032
  • 06-NOV-2019
    Germany
    $91,430
  • 04-NOV-2019
    Germany
    $10,000,000
  • 01-NOV-2019
    Sweden
    $4,113,534
  • Lithuania
    $55,555
  • 31-OCT-2019
    Netherlands

    private donors

    $230,277
  • Spain

    private donors

    $7,997,929
  • Mexico

    private donors

    $73,558
  • Italy

    private donors

    $1,753,272
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $331,976
  • 30-OCT-2019
    Thailand

    private donors

    $735,313
  • Brazil

    private donors

    $214,605
  • Germany
    $173,960,613
  • Malaysia

    private donors

    $191,485
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $145,441
  • China

    private donors

    $866,589
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $3,866,688
  • Canada

    private donors

    $491,090
  • 29-OCT-2019
    Japan
    $2,193,428