Operation: Opération: Mauritania



Latest update of camps and office locations: October 2017. By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.

Key Figures

2018 planning figures
100% of primary school-aged Malian refugee children in Mbera camp will be enrolled in primary education 
80%  of young refugees and asylum-seekers (aged 15-24)   in urban areas will be enrolled in certified livelihoods training 
20% of Malian refugees in Mbera camp will be supported in launching businesses/being self-employed for more than 12 months 
2016 year-end results
100% of registered population in Mbera camp receive monthly food assistance
72% of primary school-aged children in Mbera camp attended primary school 
4,900 people with specific needs receiving tailored assistance
430 adults attended literacy courses
20 litres of water were provided to all refugees in Mbera camp

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

Decrease in
2016 74,735
2015 77,891
2014 76,048


[["Refugees",48148],["Refugee-like situation",26000],["Asylum-seekers",587]]
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2016 {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"budget":[30.18104158,23.75815901,24.368373692,19.53236051,19.77346129,20.09419446],"expenditure":[22.20868457,14.42116683,13.02928311,14.17643259,null,null]} {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"p1":[30.18104158,23.75815901,24.368373692,19.53236051,19.77346129,20.09419446],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"p1":[22.20868457,14.42116683,13.02928311,14.17643259,null,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]}
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  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018

Year-end Overview

Plan Overview

Working environment

Mauritania has so far maintained its generous open-door policy towards refugees and asylum-seekers. Signatory to the Refugee Convention and OAU Convention, Mauritania is expected to adopt a national asylum law, formalizing refugee protection, including non-refoulement, civil rights and access to social services, in Mauritania. UNHCR works closely with national authorities, to promote knowledge and respect for refugee rights, and to lay the groundwork for the establishment of a national asylum system.
Due to the unstable situation in northern Mali, large scale returns of Malian refugees are not expected in 2018. UNHCR will continue to provide life-saving assistance to refugees in Mbera camp, targeting the most vulnerable. Moreover, UNHCR will continue to advocate with development actors to offer increased self-reliance opportunities for refugees and their host community in the Bassikounou region.
In urban areas, the number of people approaching UNHCR to claim asylum in Mauritania is expected to steadily increase. UNHCR will provide assistance to people with specific needs and increase their access to services (such as health and education), including training opportunities.
UNHCR works closely with the Government of Mauritania and the United Nations Country Team, to fully integrate refugees and asylum-seekers, in alignment with the development framework. UNHCR will continue to coordinate protection and assistance for refugees in Mauritania, in close cooperation with national authorities, other UN agencies, NGOs and donors.

 Key priorities

UNHCR’s overall protection and solutions strategy for all refugees in Mauritania is based on five key components:
  • Ensuring protection and access to essential services,
  • Empowering refugees in becoming self-reliant,
  • Supporting the host population to promote peaceful coexistence,
  • Providing refugees with access to durable solutions, and
  • Advocating with authorities towards the adoption of a national asylum law and issuance documentation for refugees in Mauritania.
 In Mbera camp, UNHCR’s strategy is aligned with the Regional Strategy for Protection and Assistance to Malian Refugees, adopted in 2015, to harmonize the response to the Mali situation across asylum countries. In 2018, UNHCR will focus on creating income-generating opportunities and literacy programs, in close cooperation with communities in order to progressively increase refugees’ self-reliance