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|2020 planning figures|
|90%||of IDPs will have their needs for basic and domestic items met|
|80%||of refugees and asylum-seekers will have access to primary health care|
|100,000||IDPs and returnees will be assisted with core-relief items, cash-based interventions and shelter|
|10,000||asylum-seekers will be registered on an individual basis|
|3,000||vulnerable refugee cases will be identified for resettlement|
|2018 year-end results|
|36,000||people were assisted through non-food items|
|21,870||medical consultations and 250 referrals were provided for people of concern in detention|
|15,250||people of concern were registered|
|15,000||urban refugees were provided with emergency core relief items|
|1,300||shelter repair kits were distributed across three locations (Benghazi, Al Masahisa, and Tawergha), helping 6,500 people repair damage to their homes|
|940||people were granted refugee status and processed for resettlement|
|410||people of concern were screened for refugee status determination while in detention, resulting in 325 recommendations for evacuation|
People of Concern
Working environmentIn Libya, an estimated 823,000 people need humanitarian assistance, according to the 2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO). Internally displaced people (IDPs), refugees and asylum-seekers are amongst the most vulnerable, with limited or no access to basic commodities and essential services. Political instability and violent clashes have generated ongoing displacement and created a very challenging operational environment for UNHCR. It is expected that the protection environment in Libya will remain restricted and will likely deteriorate even further.
UNHCR estimates that 4,500 people are detained in Libya, out of whom 2,500 are of concern to UNHCR. The condition of refugees and migrants in detention remains of grave concern and identifying solutions for the most vulnerable is a key priority in 2020. In addition, there are over 300,000 IDPs, of whom 128,000 have been newly displaced since clashes restarted in Tripoli in April 2019, and there are more than 447,000 IDP returnees.. While high-level negotiations are underway to end conflict and encourage a resumption of the peace process, UNHCR is prepared to respond to humanitarian needs in 2020.
UNHCR’s role as lead agency for the Protection and Shelter/NFI sectors, as well as co-lead of the Refugee and Migrant Platform (together with IOM and IRC), makes UNHCR a key stakeholder in the coordination structure of the overall humanitarian response in Libya. Partnerships with local NGOs will be essential in order to reach affected populations of concern, and as such, UNHCR will invest in capacity-building for national partners to enhance their response.
Key prioritiesIn 2020, UNHCR will focus on:
- Strongly advocating for an end to detention of refugees in Libya and establishing alternatives to detention.
- Pursuing durable solutions for refugees both in detention and living in urban communities. This will be implemented through registration, solid case management and referrals. In 2020, UNHCR will continue to scale-up its resettlement and humanitarian evacuation programmes, in addition to other solutions such as return to a previous country of asylum, voluntary repatriation or family reunification.
- Enhancing the response for refugees and asylum-seekers living in urban areas through community day centres and community outreach teams. UNHCR will continue to carry out registration, provide medical assistance, cash-based interventions, and provide psychosocial support for people of concern.
- Providing life-saving assistance at disembarkation points and detention centres and continuing advocacy for a protection-sensitive migration management system.
- Supporting IDPs and returnees with core-relief items, cash-based interventions, shelter rehabilitation and emergency shelter assistance. UNHCR aims to support over 100,000 people of concern in 2020.
- Supporting IDPs with enhanced protection monitoring and referral mechanisms and investment in social cohesion through quick-impact projects, benefitting both displaced and hosting communities.