Regional Office in South Eastern Europe
Operation: Regional Office in South Eastern Europe
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|2017 year-end results|
|29,360||people received legal assistance (Refugees, asylum-seekers and other persons of concern in South Eastern Europe (not from former Yugoslavia))|
|1,950||people received cash grants and 10,414 received other (non-cash) support (refugees, persons at risk of statelessness, returnees and IDPs from former Yugoslavia)|
|940||reported SGBV incidents for which survivors receive psychosocial counselling (Refugees, asylum-seekers and other persons of concern in South Eastern Europe (not from former Yugoslavia))|
|500||refugees and IDPs from former Yugoslavia received return packages|
|410||individuals with undetermined nationality were assisted to have their nationality confirmed, and 1,428 stateless persons were assisted to acquire nationality|
|160||people received production kits or inputs for agriculture, livestock, or fisheries activities (refugees, persons at risk of statelessness, returnees and IDPs from former Yugoslavia)|
|2017 planning figures|
|13,270||people of concern assisted with legal aid to realize their rights|
|11,703||of people at risk of statelessness assisted with documentation|
|2,700||people of concern will receive cash grants and some 10,000 people with specific needs will receive in-kind support|
|86%||of known SGBV survivors will receive appropriate support|
|60%||of households will live in adequate dwellings|
People of Concern
Regional Office in South Eastern Europe
Key achievements in 2018Throughout 2018, UNHCR and partners maintained protection and border monitoring as well as capacity-building of different actors in asylum and migration. As part of the Regional IPA II project, UNHCR, together with European Asylum support Office (EASO), European Border and Coast Guard Agency (FRONTEX) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), focused on building the capacity of governments to address international protection in mixed movements and to ensure functional asylum and migration systems.
UNHCR and its partners in South Eastern Europe region provided free legal aid to more than 1,230 IDPs, 1,090 returnees and 4,020 former Yugoslavia refugees in 2018, to help those with incomplete documentation to apply for the foreigner status, to complete their applications for the RHP, or to access rights and services such as property, education, birth registration and social assistance.
UNHCR’s advisory role in the RHP included selection of beneficiaries, implementation of sustainability measures and the raising of public awareness. To date, some 4,000 of the projected 11,800 housing solutions have been provided through the RHP to the most vulnerable displaced in all four partner countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia).
Albania has amended its Civil Status Law, removing barriers to birth registration and reducing the risk of childhood statelessness.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, UNHCR provided accommodation to vulnerable asylum-seekers, including through payment of hostel/safe house for 1,145 people.
In Kosovo (UNSCR 1244/99), UNHCR supported the review of the legal framework and respective secondary legislations.
In Montenegro, UNHCR and the line ministries jointly carried out a field verification of all refugees from the conflicts of the 1990s, identifying some 2,320 people with unresolved status, as well as 145 persons at risk of statelessness. UNHCR and the Government have formed a working group to jointly assess each case for solutions. A major development was the adoption of the new Law on Foreigners, which introduced a statelessness determination procedure in Montenegro.
In North Macedonia, the Law on International and Temporary Protection was adopted in April 2018 with UNHCR as a part of the drafting working group. UNHCR’s legal aid partner provided free legal aid and litigated three cases before the European Court on Human Rights, including important precedent setting decision regarding prohibition of expulsion.
In Serbia, which also experienced fluid mixed movements, some 8,440 people expressed intention to apply for asylum in 2018 and only 330 people submitted formal applications.
Unmet needs in 2018National asylum systems need to be further strengthened in all countries in South Eastern Europe. Differentiated approaches and further improvement of reception conditions are required particularly vis-à-vis people with specific needs, including victims of trafficking and torture, unaccompanied and separated children, SGBV survivors and the elderly. In most of the region, there is still an urgent need to increase the capacity of reception centres. Legal assistance, counselling on the RSD procedure as well as further training of partners on SGBV prevention and response, are some of the activities that could have been accomplished should additional funding have been made available.
Vulnerable and marginalized people displaced by conflicts in the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s continue to face challenges accessing their rights and benefiting from durable solutions. The situation remains particularly complicated for Roma IDPs.