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|2020 planning figures|
|60,000||people of concern will be registered and receive counselling, while those with protection concerns will be referred to relevant services|
|30,000||people of concern will benefit from shelter assistance|
|20,000||people of concern will receive core relief items|
|5,000||people of concern will be relocated under various modalities, as foreseen by the Government-led emergency response programme|
|3,000||people of concern will receive cash assistance to cover basic needs|
|3,000||people of concern will participate in projects supporting increased self-reliance|
|2,000||people of concern with specific needs will be supported through targeted protection interventions|
|2017 year-end results|
|95%||of people of concern have access to work opportunities with the proper documentation required by Brazilian law and job agencies|
|80%||of the RSD procedures met the minimum standards advocated by UNHCR, an increase from 67% in 2016|
|70%||of people of concern were referred to competent institutions to initiate RSD procedures by border authorities|
|70%||of reception condition met UNHCR’s minimum standards|
|80%||of status determination procedures will meet UNHCR’s minimum procedural standards|
|1,800||people of concern registered for job placement services|
People of Concern
Working environmentPeople are expected to continue to leave Venezuela in 2020, demonstrating heightened needs and vulnerability in the country. UNHCR expects access to Brazilian territory without restriction for people in need of international protection to continue, notably through the border area in Pacaraima, Roraima state. Due to the Amazon rainforest geographically isolating Roraima state from the rest of Brazil, spontaneous onward movements into Brazil are difficult and costly. As a result, many refugees will continue to establish themselves in the northern cities of Brazil. They will be in continued need of assistance, primarily in urban settings, where shelter and other forms of assistance available to those with most critical needs are limited. Refugees and asylum-seekers, once registered, can access basic rights and services, including health, education and employment as well as protection from refoulement – this is expected to continue in 2020.
In parallel, and in line with 2019 policies and practices, the Government of Brazil will remain committed to supporting arrivals from Venezuela. As such, UNHCR will continue to support and complement the Government’s response, particularly in the states of Amazonas and Roraima, focusing on provision of documentation, shelter, targeted protection services for women, children, adolescents and people with disabilities, as well as support for indigenous Venezuelans.
In addition, Brazil’s innovative scheme of voluntary internal relocation from the northern states to other Brazilian states and host communities is also expected to continue. This will need to be complemented by renewed development efforts in regard to infrastructure and sanitation.
The national coordination platform, mirroring the regional structures that have been set up, will continue to support the already strong local coordination mechanisms, enabling a result-oriented dialogue between federal, state and municipal levels to ensure a comprehensive and complementary response from all actors.
Key prioritiesUNHCR’s key objectives in the delivery of the emergency response will be to ensure access to territory and timely registration, while guaranteeing access to basic and essential services, such as health, shelter, education and food. During this process, UNHCR will pay attention to the most vulnerable arrivals in meeting their basic needs, through the provision of shelter, core relief items and cash-based assistance. Tailored support will be provided to groups with specific needs, such as survivors of SGBV, LGBTI people, single parents, unaccompanied children, people with disabilities and indigenous people.
UNHCR, in close cooperation with the Government, will strive to find durable solutions for refugees and asylum-seekers, notably through local integration and peaceful coexistence initiatives in northern states and relocation states. UNHCR will also support voluntary internal relocation with better local integration prospects and more structured protection networks, while continuing to support the state-funded resettlement programmes.
To promote a favourable protection environment, UNHCR will accompany the roll out of SISCONARE, the new web-based registration and case management system, through regular consultations with the relevant authorities, to ensure all asylum-seekers have access to the asylum system. With regards to asylum procedures, UNHCR will review and reach agreement on a backlog reduction plan, advocate for simplified case processing modalities and continuing to provide technical support for implementation of Brazilian Refugee Law to ensure a high quality of refugee status determination.