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|2020 planning figures|
|277,520||people with specific needs will receive material support|
|309||projects benefiting local and displaced communities implemented|
|265||community-based committees/groups working on SGBV prevention and response|
|130||interventions in local water systems will be completed|
|96||border monitoring visits will be conducted and recorded|
|2017 year-end results|
|2,420||asylum-seekers received information on government RSD procedures|
|1,850||border guards and government officials were trained on International Refugee Law|
|750||people of concern with specific needs were counselled on referral pathways and supported with material assistance|
|240||people of concern were referred to secondary and tertiary medical care|
|200||people of concern used existing government complaint mechanisms to claim their rights|
|120||Colombian people of concern were provided with safe and dignified return transportation|
People of Concern
Working environmentThe security and humanitarian situation in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has worsened, due to continued economic challenges, political instability, power outages and a subsequent deterioration in the provision of essential services, including water and sewage systems, and medical care. Rising political, economic and social tension has led more than 4 million Venezuelans to seek shelter in neighbouring countries and beyond, including more than 600,000 asylum-seekers.
Even if a solution to the political crisis is reached by 2020, humanitarian needs will persist until basic services are restored. UNHCR is taking a community-based approach to preventing displacement, mitigating protection risks and supporting the resilience of affected communities.
In March 2019, the “Venezuelan humanitarian needs overview” was developed. It estimated that 7 million Venezuelans need urgent humanitarian assistance, of which 2.7 million need protection. In August 2019, the “Venezuela humanitarian response plan” was published, which aims to coordinate and expand the humanitarian response already underway in the country.
As part of the Humanitarian Country Team, UNHCR leads two clusters (Protection, and Shelter, Non-Food Items and Energy) and participates in four others (Education, Food Security, Health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene).
UNHCR is engaged with development actors as an active player in an inter-agency effort to identify action that can help the local economy recover. The aim is to strengthen local resilience to crises by working together.
Key prioritiesThe two main focuses of UNHCR Venezuela's strategy in 2020 will be international protection of refugees and asylum-seekers, and the prevention of statelessness; and displacement prevention, risk mitigation and resilience.
In order to strengthen services for people of concern with specific needs, UNHCR will:
- Improve endowment and two types of infrastructure: safe spaces for survivors of sexual and gender-based violence; and collective shelters, including community areas.
- Mass distributions of non-food items to people with specific needs. The kits will feature items appropriate to the local context and the specific needs of the community.
- Ensure humanitarian action addresses the concerns of IDPs with specific needs. This will be front of mind during assessments and mapping, and when drawing up strategies and interventions. IDPs with specific needs will also have safe and equitable access to protection and assistance programmes.
- Ensure communication with communities always includes messages on the prevention of sexual abuse, exploitation,and fraud, as well as accountability to affected populations.
- Map and strengthen community-based protection mechanisms of IDP communities (including through early warning systems, awareness raising and capacity building activities)
- Advocate the inclusion of IDPs and host communities in joint UN and national planning and processes.
- Advocate IDPs’ access to services.
- Develop a protection and solutions strategy for IDPs and, where appropriate, returning refugees and stateless populations, together with authorities and development actors.