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|2018 year-end results|
|509||people received temporary humanitarian protection individually (various nationalities) or on a group basis (485 Sudanese)|
|6||asylum-seekers granted refugee status (5 Eritreans, 1 Nigerian)|
|2019 planning figures|
|9,230||people of concern will receive material and psychosocial support|
|3,020||people of concern will receive legal assistance|
|900||survivors of SGBV will receive psychosocial counselling|
|400||lawyers, NGO personnel, judges, asylum authorities, law enforcement officials and journalists will be trained|
People of Concern
Working environmentThe protection environment in Israel remains restricted. National policies aim at incentivizing asylum-seekers to return to their countries of origin or to relocate to third countries, particularly for Eritrean and Sudanese asylum-seekers. Israel closed Holot Centre in early 2018, ending the relocation of asylum-seekers to detention-like conditions. UNHCR is advocating for the reinvigoration of the solutions strategy, which aims to find durable solutions for the majority of asylum-seekers, either through resettlement or integration in Israel.
Throughout 2018, Supreme Court rulings have protected asylum-seekers from forced deportation to third countries. Political developments in countries of origin, such as Eritrea, are closely monitored, with judicial review also protecting against forced repatriation to an unsafe country.
Access to the labour market is tolerated. Access to health services is limited to emergencies and to private insurance (with a special subsidy scheme for children), whereas children have access to free primary and secondary education.
The civil society in Israel remains active. UNHCR will engage with the private sector in Israel, making links through vocational training activities, with the aim of improving access to livelihoods while also alleviating the negative impacts of densely populated urban areas where many people of concern reside.
Key PrioritiesIn 2019 UNHCR will focus on:
- Strengthening the legal and policy framework through cooperation with legal partners to promote adherence to international law in policy, legislation and within the judiciary, including maintaining the Supreme Court’s role in reviewing legislation related to migrants and refugees.
- Maintaining resettlement for a minimum of 250 people a year and UNHCR adjudication for private sponsorships.
- Enabling the access of vulnerable asylum-seekers to basic services, including reproductive health.
- Supporting initiatives that would deliver durable solutions, including a return to the comprehensive solutions strategy agreement developed between Israel and UNHCR in 2018.
- Supporting safeguard including the supreme court rulings that protect refugees and asylum-seekers from involuntary repatriation, relocation within Israel, or deportation to third countries.
- Ensuring that voluntary returns take place in conditions of safety, voluntariness and dignity.