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|2018 year-end results|
|100%||of children up to 5 years of age and pregnant and lactating mothers received monthly nutritional support|
|2,150||camp-based refugees received food assistance and 102 urban refugees received monthly multi-purpose cash assistance|
|930||children and young adults were enrolled in different levels of education representing 96% of the school age children. The remaining 4% were out of school children|
|480||households received non-food items such as water barrels, mattresses and mosquito nets|
|170||cases were referred to government health facilities for further medical care|
|50||refugee households received cash for livelihoods|
|2019 planning figures|
|1,050||urban and camp-based refugees will be targeted for the exploration and implementation of durable solutions|
|900||students will be enrolled at secondary and tertiary level|
|150||people with specific needs will be provided with additional support|
|60||youth and out of school children will have access to vocational skills training|
|50||households will receive small grants for business startup and development|
|100%||of the community will be targeted with outreach and awareness-raising activities, in order to reduce the risk of SGBV and improving the quality of response|
People of Concern
The protection environment for refugees and asylum-seekers remained limited in Eritrea in 2018, stemming largely from the absence of a legal framework and the fact that Eritrea is neither a party to the international nor regional refugee instruments and applicable frameworks. However, there are hopes that the peace agreement between Eritrea and Ethiopia signed in July 2018, the cooperation agreement with Somalia, and the lifting of the UN Security Council sanctions will pave the way for the necessary legislative developments. These are important steps towards establishing safeguards against refoulement and access to durable solutions for both urban and camp-based refugees.
UNHCR has been working in close coordination with the Government of Eritrea, IOM and UNHCR’s office in Libya to support the voluntary return of Eritreans from Libya. The process is still at early stages and is being done on a needs basis due to requirement for agreement from the Government of Eritrea and ensuring that the returns are truly voluntary while also ensuring that return to Eritrea is carried out in safety and dignity. Furthermore, UNHCR is looking into ensuring that the voluntary return of Eritrean nationals stranded in Libya would be accompanied with reintegration projects which would benefit both the returnees and the host communities, for sustainability.
Population trendsAt the end of 2018, the total population of concern in Eritrea is 2,273 out of which 2,255 were assisted. The majority, some 2,148, originate from Somalia, with smaller caseloads from Sudan, Ethiopia and South Sudan.
In 2018, UNHCR:
- 100% of camp-based refugees and some living in the host community village around the camp had access to basic health services.
- Maintained a monthly distribution of 15kg wheat flour, 1.5kg of corn-soya blend and $27 per person to all refugees in camps.
- 20 urban refugee households received an average of $267 per month.
- Improved the water supply system to refugees.
- 475 Camp based households have unmet needs such as education, clothing and other non-food items due to funding restrictions.
- Water shortage remained a problem and water trucking became too costly for the operation to maintain.
- Five (5) individuals with chronic illness such as diabetes were not able to consistently receive necessary treatment due to limited of availability of medication in country.
The continuing inflation in Eritrea remains a challenge and is expected to have a negative impact on the delivery of assistance in 2018. The total number of people of concern is just above 2,400, out of which some 2,300 are camp-based Somali refugees and the remaining 100 are urban refugees from Ethiopia, South Sudan and Sudan. Refugees are living in harmony with the host community and this is expected to continue in 2018.
The non-issuance of exit permits for refugees to leave the country on resettlement or voluntary repatriation remains a challenge in implementing durable solutions.
Food commodities, school materials, and construction materials are procured through government partner from government supplier fairly. The Ministry of Health is providing technical assistance and relevant training to the health staff in charge of the camp clinic.
In 2018, UNHCR will focus on:
- Resettlement and voluntary return to country of origin and remain the main priorities;
- Strengthening engagement in the UN country team (UNCT);
- Providing basic assistance to urban refugees in the form of monthly multipurpose cash grants;
- Providing basic assistance to the camp based refugees, including cash grants to improve livelihoods and self-reliance, shelter, access to education, both cash and in-kind food assistance, access to health services, sufficient water, and enhanced response to and prevention of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV);
- Liaising with the Government counterparts and other UN agencies, where applicable, including UNICEF and the ministry of Health to ensure nutrition needs are met, and UNFPA in addressing SGBV.