Operation: Opération: Eritrea



Latest update of camps and office locations 21  Nov  2016. By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.

Key Figures

2017 planning figures
100% of food baskets distributed will meet the recommendations set out in the latest needs assessment, carried out by a joint assessment mission (JAM)
85% of people of concern will return voluntarily, in safety and dignity
80% of the process towards becoming a party to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees will be achieved
75% of identified children of concern with specific needs will be assisted
45% of people of concern identified as being in need of resettlement will be submitted for resettlement
40% of people of concern (18-59 years) will have their own business or be self-employed for more than 12 months
2015 end-year results
375 asylum claims filed by Eritreans and Sudanese 
30 people of concern to UNHCR voluntarily returned to Somalia 
300 people with specific needs were identified and assisted with cash and in-kind support

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

Decrease in
2015 2,557
2014 2,920
2013 3,233


[["Refugees",2549],["Asylum-seekers",1],["Returned refugees",1],["Others of concern",6]]
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2015 {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"budget":[7.10223845,5.67766065,6.18688585,5.913216673,4.89103671,3.8990943],"expenditure":[4.44231882,4.13881805,4.70862342,3.548472,null,null]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[7.10223845,5.67766065,6.18688585,5.913216673,4.89103671,3.8990943],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[4.44231882,4.13881805,4.70862342,3.548472,null,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]}
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  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017

Year-end Overview

Plan Overview

Working environment

Since 2012, UNHCR has registered very few new asylum-seekers in Eritrea. At the beginning of 2016, UNHCR’s total population of concern, including camp-based and urban refugees, was some 2,550 individuals, with 98 per cent of them being Somalis.

UNHCR’s activities in Eritrea are significantly affected by funding constraints, high inflation rates and rising operational costs. In 2017, UNHCR will continue to advocate access to durable solutions for refugees, mainly focusing on voluntary repatriation and resettlement.

Key priorities

In addition to pursuing core protection activities and lifesaving assistance, in 2017 UNHCR will focus on:
  • advocating for Eritrea to ratify the OAU Convention and accede to  the 1951 Convention and its 1967 Protocol, as well as to adopt  a national asylum law and establish a structured  asylum system;
  • advocating the inclusion of refugees in national development plans and systems  (health, education, water and sanitation) as part of the broader UN Strategic Partnership Cooperation Framework 2017-2021 with the Government of Eritrea;
  • strengthening child protection and protection of people with specific needs;
  • ensuring refugee community mobilization with a view to strengthen peaceful cohabitation and pave ways to local integration as a durable solution;
  • continuing to provide food assistance (in-kind and through cash-based interventions) for  camp-based Somali refugees, as well as monthly cash grants to Sudanese and South Sudanese urban refugees; and
  • expanding opportunities for durable solutions, including voluntary repatriation, resettlement and local integration.
  • encouraging the Government of the State of Eritrea to engage further in the Khartoum process so as to stem the flow of migrations from Eritrea by addressing the root causes through development programs under the Strategic Partnership Cooperation Framework for  including skills training and creation of job opportunities, capacity building of Government staff and relevant institutions to effectively manage migration in addition to supporting the Government to develop effective policy and legal framework to manage migration.

Funding constraints continue to limit the number of self-reliance activities that can be undertaken for people of concern in Eritrea. Similarly, funding constraints have prevented the construction of child-friendly spaces and recreational facilities in Emkulu camp; and it is anticipated that a number of persons with specific needs, especially those with medical problems, will not have access to necessary health care services due to limited capacity in Eritrea and no possibilities for medical evacuations.