Nepal

 

Operation: Opération: Nepal

Location

{"longitude":84,"latitude":28,"zoom_level":0,"iso_codes":"'NPL'"}

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Key Figures

2019 planning figures
100% of refugees will have access to primary health care
100% of primary school-aged children will be enrolled in primary education
100% of targeted households will have their basic needs met with multi-purpose cash grants 
100% of Bhutanese refugees will have access to work opportunities
2017 year-end results
100% of refugees had access to primary health care
100% of known SGBV survivors received appropriate support
100% of Bhutanese refugee households had access to sustainable energy
93% of primary school aged refugee children were enrolled in primary education 
372 Bhutanese refugees were provided with entrepreneurship training
25 litres of potable water, on average, was available per person per day
6 peaceful co-existence projects were implemented

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

4%
Decrease in
2018
2018 21,406
2017 22,248
2016 26,170

 

[["Refugees",20808],["Asylum-seekers",55],["Others of concern",543]]
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Nepal

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2018 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[15.39627806,17.779095363,9.69132496,7.91013086,6.72710361,5.49999996],"expenditure":[7.64923815,10.25849726,6.59701288,6.95678777,5.93079175,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[10.13508763,9.528128665,9.01183726,7.22951189,6.18810818,5.01907096],"p2":[2.23114183,1.794025568,0.6794877,0.68061897,0.53899543,0.480929],"p3":[3.0300486,2.52347713,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,3.933464,null,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[6.78039167,5.72365518,6.19074725,6.3201619,5.47046425,null],"p2":[0.37696446,0.35181342,0.40626563,0.63662587,0.4603275,null],"p3":[0.49188202,0.49332446,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,3.6897042,null,null,null,null]}
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CHOOSE A YEAR
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019

Operational context 

2018 marked the first year of federal governance structure in Nepal. While introduction of federal system opened opportunities for pursuing solutions for refugees, it has created an environment of uncertainty as roles and responsibilities of different government entities are not yet clear. 
 
The turnover of key government officials and lack of resources resulted in delays in the handover of water system in Beldangi camp to the authorities and in mainstreaming refugee students into public primary schools.
 
Although amendment of the Citizenship Act and Civil Registry Act started in 2018, the parliament review and endorsement remained pending at year-end. Both Acts are hoped to be endorsed in 2019, which would address major issues related to citizenship documentation.

Population trends

At the end of 2018, there were some 20,800 refugees (64% Tibetan and 31% Bhutanese refugees), 55 asylum-seekers, and 579 others of concern. The overall number of people of concern decreased in 2018, mainly due to resettlement departures of 987 Bhutanese refugees, whereas the number of urban refugees slightly increased.
 
The number of stateless persons is unconfirmed, but UNHCR’s NGO partner estimates that 5.7 million Nepalese, representing some 26% of the eligible population, might have lacked citizenship certificates in 2018. A study conducted by the same NGO indicated that the main reason people lack citizenship documentation is that they did not apply for it, in addition to gender-discriminatory citizenship provisions and practices.

Working environment

 Nepal has not acceded to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, its 1967 Protocol, nor established a national legal framework concerning refugees and asylum-seekers. Nevertheless, Nepal has a long tradition of providing asylum to refugees and UNHCR enjoys a relationship of open dialogue and positive collaboration with the Government. The main protection challenges faced by persons of concern in Nepal relate to obstacles in documentation, self-reliance, and the need to strengthen community-based protection mechanisms. Refugees in Nepal also face a number of issues in relation to social and legal protection.   
 

Key priorities

 With the conclusion of the large-scale resettlement of over 111,000 Bhutanese refugees, alternative durable solutions will be pursued for the remaining 7,500 refugees who will remain in Nepal as of 1 January 2018. The Office will support the advocacy efforts of the Bhutan Core Group (BCG) in the context of voluntary repatriation and, where feasible, use its offices to facilitate dialogue. UNHCR will also reinforce efforts to increase the self-reliance of refugees through initiatives related to livelihoods, health, education, and protection. Supporting a shift from parallel services within camps to public services and community-based support. The Office will prioritise self-reliance and income generation for urban refugees, while continuing to address education, health and protection issues locally. The Office will maintain its dialogue with the Government to identify pragmatic and principled approaches to enhancing solutions. 
Latest contributions
  • 11-OCT-2019
    European Union
    $109,410
  • Netherlands
    $2,352,940
  • Liechtenstein
    $403,227
  • 10-OCT-2019
    Germany
    $116,073
  • 07-OCT-2019
    United States of America

    private donors

    $281,359
  • 03-OCT-2019
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    $12,931,034
  • 02-OCT-2019
    Denmark
    $3,663,004
  • Germany
    $2,188,184
  • 30-SEP-2019
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $163,071
  • United States of America

    private donors

    $295,000
  • Netherlands

    private donors

    $137,178
  • France

    private donors

    $92,258
  • Mexico

    private donors

    $60,259
  • Italy

    private donors

    $1,594,953
  • Spain

    private donors

    $6,715,150
  • Kuwait
    $12,000,000
  • Denmark
    $16,202,681
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $139,349
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $173,377
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $3,843,047