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|2020 planning figures|
|100%||of settlement-based refugees (some 20,000 people) will receive 20 litres of potable water per person, per day|
|97%||of sites where IDPs, IDP returnees and other civilians are threatened by the presence of armed actors will be monitored|
|80%||of primary school-aged refugee children will be enrolled in primary education|
|60%||of targeted IDPs in north-east Nigeria (360,000 people) will be provided with birth certificates|
|24%||of targeted IDP households in north-east Nigeria (14,400 households) will be living in adequate dwellings|
|2018 year-end results|
|167,700||IDPs and returnees received civil documentation including birth registration and national identity cards which enabled freedom of movement and reduction in risks of statelessness|
|21,350||internally displaced households received targeted protection-based material assistance|
|3,100||Cameroonian refugees issued with ID cards by NCFR to reduce risks of arrest, detention and improve freedom of movement|
|2,050||internally displaced households received livelihoods and capacity enhancement support to address negative coping mechanism|
|1,840||IDPs benefitted from multi-sectoral referral pathways|
|910||permanent shelters were constructed for Cameroonian refugees|
People of Concern
Working environmentNigeria is currently facing a protracted humanitarian crisis linked to the insurgency in the North-East with continued internal displacements as well as refugee movements. According to the 2020-2021 Humanitarian Response Strategy, the number of persons in need of protection and assistance in North-East Nigeria stands at 7.1 million, including more than 2 million IDPs.
States in North-Central and in North-East are facing conflicts between herders and farmers, generating internal and refugee movements while the South-East is hosting more than 46,000 Cameroonian refugees fleeing the conflict between Cameroon’s central authorities and armed separatists. Although some refugee returns are expected in 2020, the conflict in Cameroon does not show signs of abatement.
Risks of statelessness are important due to lack of awareness on birth registration and acquisition of birth certificates amongst rural populations and refugees.
In line with the Global Compact on Refugees, UNHCR will continue to implement its protection and solutions strategy in coordination with partners such as the Nigeria’s National Commission for Refugees, Migrants and IDPs, the National Commission, the Nigerian Immigration Service and the State Government authorities as well as key humanitarian and development actors and donors, civil society and host community representatives. It will also advocate for refugees to be included in development planning such as the UNSDCF review and will encourage partners to expand their activities to cover refugee settlements and host communities, especially in Cross River, which is a “Delivering as one” pilot state.
Key prioritiesIn 2020, UNHCR will:
- Develop a three-year strategic plan drawing from Government, development actors, UN agencies and NGOs to set out the strategic direction of the refugee programme and commitments of partners;
- Continue to lead the protection sector working groups with the goal of creating and sustaining a protective environment, ensuring protection mainstreaming, and enhancing freedom of movement and humanitarian access;
- Continue to lead the clusters for Shelter/Non-Food Items, and Camp Coordination and Camp Management;
- Develop two new settlements and construct 2,000 shelters for refugees;
- Raise awareness on sexual exploitation and sexual abuse and build capacity of partners and people of concern on this issue;
- Continue to facilitate refugees’ access to education, skills training, micro-finance and health insurance;
- Support local schools and recruit additional teachers to accommodate the number of refugee children being enrolled alongside children from host communities.
- Support livelihood activities to enhance the self-reliance of the refugees and reduce their dependence on humanitarian assistance;
- Focus its IDP activities on 11 local government areas in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe. Programmes in Borno will mainly benefit IDPs and IDP returnees while the programmes in Adamawa and Yobe will focus on refugee returnees;
- Work with the State Government and other actors to implement the 2018 returns strategy for IDPs and refugees in Borno State, support improved access to services in the Northeast and advocate for the re-establishment of civil authority in return areas;
- Organize the return of Nigerian refugees from Cameroon while continuing to support refugees who spontaneously return from Cameroon, Chad and Nigeria;
- With the Government of Nigeria, advocate prima facie refugee status for Cameroonians (upon expiration of the two-year Temporary Protection Status) and unhindered access to asylum and protection in Nigeria;
- Ensure registration and documentation (such as refugee status determination and ID cards) of all refugees and support their access to services and employment;
- Maintain a two-pronged approach: an out-of-camp approach for refugees living in host communities and settlement approach for refugees who opt to live in designed settlements.