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|2020 planning figures|
|75%||of IDP households are living in adequate dwellings|
|25,000||IDPs and 2,500 refugees and asylum-seekers receive legal assistance|
|4,200||IDPs will receive cash grants and 1,500 IDPs in-kind support|
|500||persons with undetermined nationality assisted with confirmation of nationality|
|2018 year-end results|
|3,000||people affected by conflict were reached through shelter interventions|
|355||refugees received livelihoods assistance|
|148||stateless persons were assisted in confirming their nationality|
|18||peaceful co-existence projects were implemented|
People of Concern
Working environmentSince the adoption of the Minsk Agreement in early 2015, Ukraine has had a partial ceasefire along a 427-kilometer-long line of contact running through Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts in eastern Ukraine. However, violations of the ceasefire occur daily, and the negotiations among parties to the conflict have reached a stalemate. In the past two years, the number of civilian casualties has continued to decrease but families along the contact line continue to suffer the effects of regular shelling, including property damage, stress and economic blight.
The authorities have registered 1.5 million people as internally displaced. Of these, the UN estimated that 800,000 resided permanently in Government-controlled areas, while others moved frequently across the “contact line” or registered as IDPs to maintain access to their pensions. Most have been living in displacement since the peak of hostilities in 2014, unable to return home in the absence of a sustained peace. Prioritizing IDPs’ access to national services, UNHCR will continue to enhance the capacity of the authorities to coordinate and deliver services to IDPs, e.g. through coordination of the Shelter/NFI cluster and provision of legal assistance to IDPs.
UNHCR multi-year multi-partner strategy covers all populations of concern to UNHCR, with integrated programming of activities such as legal assistance and community mobilization. UNHCR provides strategic leadership on protection through coordination, response and advocacy, working closely with the Humanitarian Country Team. The partnership with the host government is supported through regular high-level consultations and the UNHCR contribution to the UN Partnership Framework for 2018–2022.
Key prioritiesIn 2020, UNHCR will focus on the following strategic priorities:
- Strategic leadership to ensure the centrality of protection across the humanitarian response.
- A solutions-oriented approach that prioritizes access to national services and safety nets, bridges the humanitarian-development nexus and support engagement with Global Compact on Refugees.
- Integrated programming, which assists all populations of concern to UNHCR, including through area-based approaches where they reside in proximity to one another.
- Preparation for responsible disengagement through enhancement of national response capacity.
In 2020, UNHCR’s operational priorities will be:
- leading the protection cluster and its different working groups, and fostering partnerships with IDP communities, international organizations, civil society, and central and local governments;
- protection advocacy, legal assistance, individual protection assistance (using cash-based interventions where possible), community-based protection activities, such as peaceful coexistence projects and community support initiatives;
- protection monitoring that will largely focus on areas adjacent to the line of contact, but will also encompass areas with large IDP populations;
- conducting shelter repairs for vulnerable families whose houses were damaged by the conflict and responding to any flare-ups in the conflict with the delivery of essential NFIs. Should displaced people decide to return to their places of origin in government-controlled areas, UNHCR will be ready to provide shelter support if needed, for extremely vulnerable cases and families with specific needs;
- providing free legal aid to refugees and asylum-seekers regarding the asylum procedure, exercise of civil, social and economic rights, as well as access to public services;
- enhancing practices and strategy in the area of asylum litigation to ensure that judicial review becomes a stronger tool in removing gaps in the asylum procedure; and
- providing training on statelessness to the State Migration Service (SMS), Civil Registration Offices, judges, local administrations, Free Legal Aid Centres and NGOs, as well as legal counselling to stateless persons on obtaining documentation and access to statelessness documents or nationality.