Ukraine Situation

Family portrait. Viktoria Tytarenko, 26 years old, is seating on a bed accompanied by her mother, her sister, her son, and her nephew.
Blue Dot Hub supports vulnerable refugee children and adults. Viktoria Tytarenko, 26 years old, fled from war torn city of Nikolaev on the 15th of March. Accompanied by her mother, her sister, her son, and her nephew, she took the road to Chisinau after two rockets had hit the neighbouring building.   © UNHCR/Maxime Fossat
Refugees population from Ukraine (since 24 February 2022)*

*Arrival statistics are compiled from a variety of sources, mainly data provided by authorities from official border crossing points. While every effort has been made to ensure that all statistical information is verified, figures on some arrivals represent an estimate. Triangulation of information and sources is performed on a continuous basis. Therefore, amendments in figures may occur, including retroactively. Notably, the right to move freely within the Schengen area means there are very few border controls within the European Union. The data of arrivals in Schengen countries (Hungary, Poland, Slovakia) bordering Ukraine therefore only represents border crossings into that country, but we estimate that a large number of people have moved onwards to other countries. In addition, UNHCR does not count individuals from bordering countries leaving Ukraine to return home.
An additional 50,000 people moved to the Russian Federation from the Donetsk and Luhansk regions between 21 and 23 February.

This page will be regularly updated. For additional information, visit the Ukraine emergency page on unhcr.org.

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2022 Overview

Ukraine Situation

The Russian Federation’s military offensive against Ukraine launched on 24 February 2022 has triggered one of the fastest-growing refugee emergencies in history, and the largest since World War II. As of 19 April, over 5 million refugees from Ukraine have fled abroad, whilst within Ukraine, some 7.7 million people have been internally displaced and another 8 million are also in urgent need of humanitarian assistance and protection.

Across Ukraine, critical infrastructure has been damaged or destroyed. This has caused total outages of electricity, heating and water in some areas, while other services such as internet connectivity, medical care and public transport have been disrupted. As a result, many people find themselves with no resources or information on where to find safety and accommodation and are unable to meet their basic needs including food, water and medicines. Given the lack of safe humanitarian access, the delivery of life-saving aid is difficult in many areas.

Of the more than 5 million refugees, 90% are women and children. Refugees have mostly fled to neighbouring countries. Most have fled to Poland, but significant numbers have sought safety in Hungary, the Republic of Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, and other countries in the region. These countries have demonstrated extraordinary solidarity, providing immediate assistance to people arriving but the scale of the displacement is putting considerable pressure on available services, and on hosting communities. Of the refugee population, some 2.1 million (as of 20 April) have continued onward to other European countries.

Two months into the fighting, OCHA’s revised initial Flash Appeal outlines the most pressing needs of 15.7 million people inside Ukraine, 7.1 million of whom are IDPs. As per its mandate, UNHCR has in parallel coordinated a ten-month revision to the regional Refugee Response Plan (RRP) for the Ukraine Situation responding to the needs of people who have fled Ukraine. This will support governments in responding to the needs of up to 8.3 million refugees in Hungary, the Republic of Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and other affected countries, and provide support to hard-pressed host communities.

Given that the emergency has exceeded the worst-case scenario, this revised supplementary appeal for the Ukraine situation outlines UNHCR’s additional requirements of $1.247 billion for March to December 2022.

See more information on Ukraine Situation page.
2022 Budget

Source: 2022 budget as approved by the Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme at its 72nd session in October 2021.