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|2021 planning figures|
|143,500||refugees will benefit from protection and assistance programmes|
|40,000||Burundian refugees will receive support to voluntarily repatriate|
|3,000||Rwandan returnees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo will receive reintegration assistance|
|1,500||refugees and asylum-seekers will be evacuated from Libya to Rwanda through the Emergency Transit Mechanism|
|100%||of refugees and asylum-seekers will be registered on an individual basis|
|100%||of primary school-aged children will be enrolled in primary education|
|100%||of people of concern who have expressed their intention to return will be supported to return voluntarily|
|0%||mortality rate for under 5-year-old children (per 1,000 persons per month) will be attained|
|20 litres||of potable water will be provided per person per day|
|2019 year-end results|
|100%||of refugees were individually registered.|
|100%||of refugees received food assistance.|
|100%||of children under 12 months were issued with birth certificates.|
|90%||of people of concern had access to primary health care.|
|90%||of school-age refugee children were enrolled in the national education system.|
|2.7%||was the Global Acute Malnutrition rate.|
People of Concern
Working environmentThe political and security environment in Rwanda remains stable and is anticipated to remain peaceful through 2020. Rwanda currently hosts over 149,000 refugees and asylum-seekers from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), who constitute 1.2% of the country’s population.
As the Burundi refugee crisis approaches its fifth year, the situation has stabilized and the influx of refugees from Burundi has been slow over the last two years. There has however not been an increase in voluntary returns to Burundi given the political tensions and continued displacement. While UNHCR is currently not facilitating voluntary return to Burundi, spontaneous returns do take place.
The strategy for the Congolese refugees who have lived in Rwanda for almost 23 years is focused on inclusion of refugees in national systems and scaling up livelihoods so refugees can become self-reliant and contribute to the local economy.
With the recent political transition in the DRC, UNHCR is exploring the possibility of facilitating a tripartite dialogue with the Governments of the DRC and Rwanda. This would provide guidance on the readiness of durable solutions.
Since the adoption of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework in February 2018, the Rwandan authorities and UNHCR envision a comprehensive solutions approach for refugees in the country which includes access to all durable solutions. In parallel, the Government is leading a process of Strategic Planning for refugees’ inclusion. The Government’s integration scope is built around four commitments promoting refugee access to documentation, refugee economic inclusion and refugee integration in national systems in the areas of Education and Health.
The Refugee Coordination Model in Rwanda is co-coordinated by the Government and UNHCR. It includes a range of UN Agencies, NGOs, operational and development partners. UNHCR also coordinates sector working groups, co-coordinating with partners where relevant.
UNHCR as an active participant in the One UN and UNCT has since 2017 been advocating for the inclusion of refugees and returnees in the UNDAP II (2018-2023) and the national development agenda. UNHCR is also an active participant in the UNDAF task force.
Key prioritiesIn 2020, UNHCR will:
- Enhance the coordination with the Government of Rwanda and other partners, including UN agencies, NGOs, operations and development partners;
- Ensure reception, protection and assistance for all people of concern, including new arrivals, with targeted assistance for people with specific needs and a community-based approach;
- Expand cash-based interventions to gains in efficiency and effectiveness, and promote refugees’ financial inclusion and contribution to the local economy
- Pursue the roll out of alternative cooking energy solutions in all camps in line with the national policy banning the use of firewood;
- Reinforce advocacy and strategic development partnerships in order to support the authorities for the inclusion of all refugees in national systems in particular health and education, in line with Government policy;
- Support the Government of Rwanda in its efforts to promote the economic inclusion of refugees with the objective to foster refugees’ Self-Reliance and their progressive Graduation out of humanitarian assistance;
- Seek durable solutions to refugee situation.