Democratic Republic of the Congo
Operation: Democratic Republic of the Congo
By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.
|2019 year-end results|
|23,600||IDP households and vulnerable members of host communities received core relief items|
|17,450||IDP households received shelter support in Ituri, North Kivu and South Kivu provinces|
|17,400||refugee returnees from Angola (2,600 organized returnees and 14,800 spontaneous returnees) benefited from cash assistance as part of their return package|
|4,900||IDP children received birth certificates in eastern DRC and Tanganyika province|
|100||community protection structures and IDP committees were established to work on sexual and gender-based violence prevention and interventions in North Kivu|
|13||IDP sites in North Kivu and 23 sites in Ituri Province were managed and supported by UNHCR|
|2020 planning figures|
|100%||of primary school-aged children will be enrolled in primary education|
|100%||SGBV survivors (refugees) receive appropriate support.|
|319,720||people of concern will be registered on an individual basis|
|33,200||people of concern will receive shelter support|
People of Concern
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Working environmentThe volatile security situation in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in late 2016 was further compounded by the delay of the Presidential elections and brought new challenges for the protection of civilians and increased tensions between communities.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo remained among the world’s poorest countries in terms of gross national income per capita. In this socio-economic context, coupled with insecurity in some regions and problems of access due to lack of roads, providing protection and assistance to the growing number of refugees and IDPs in the country remained challenging.
- The people of concern under UNHCR’s mandate increased by 16 per cent in 2016, reaching 3.3 million people in need.
- Refugee numbers grew from 383,000 in 2015 to 452,000 in 2016, mainly due to new arrivals from Burundi and South Sudan. A majority of the refugees come from the Central African Republic (CAR), Burundi, Rwanda and South Sudan.
- The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) increased from 1.6 million to 2.2 million people due to security incidents in the eastern DRC.
Achievements and impact
- All refugees living in camps and sites benefited from protection and multi-sectorial assistance
- The number of identified SGBV survivors decreased by 47 per cent as compared to 2015 but remained significant.
- 3,040 CAR refugees benefitted from cash-based interventions.
- 1,364 newly arrived South Sudanese households were provided with emergency shelters
- Many refugees cannot attain socio-economic self-reliance, in the absence of sufficient self-reliance programme
- Only limited numbers of refugees from Burundi and the Central African Republic received transitional shelters to replace old emergency shelters made with plastic sheeting.
- Multi-sectoral and multi-level response to survivors of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), such as legal response and access to justice, was not provided
- UNHCR could not fully monitor the situation of refugees in some border locations and inlands, due to a lack of resources.
The DRC hosts some 233,000 refugees, who are mainly from the Central Africa Republic (CAR), Burundi and Rwanda, as well as former Angolan refugees. Refugees in the DRC have access to land, public health and education services, as well as to water and sanitation facilities. They are allowed to work or run businesses alongside Congolese nationals, generating their own income for self-support, and some refugees live with host communities who share their meager resources.
UNHCR’s operation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) faces challenges that are linked to years of political instability, logistical problems, limited access, ongoing insecurity and limited state authority in certain areas.
In 2016, UNHCR will focus on the response to the needs of newly arrived refugees from the CAR. The Office has planned for the arrival of at least 25,000 CAR refugees in 2016, and a further 15,000 in 2017. Efforts will focus on the delivery of protection and basic assistance to refugees. UNHCR will also contribute to the assistance and protection of 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs).
As the lead agency for camp coordination and camp management (CCCM), UNHCR works with other clusters to improve cross-cutting services and assistance to IDPs. UNHCR will also continue to provide financial, technical and logistical support to the National Commission for Refugees (CNR).
The return and reintegration of Congolese refugees from neighbouring countries (i.e. Angola, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia) also constitute one of the key priorities for 2016.
Any funding shortfall would significantly affect protection services and basic assistance provided to refugees.