Democratic Republic of the Congo
Operation: Democratic Republic of the Congo
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|2020 year-end results|
|144,631||IDPs received cash grants for basic and domestic items|
|142,447||IDPs received shelter support|
|15,592||of school-aged refugee children from Burundi and the Central African Republic were enrolled in primary education|
|10,456||people of concern to UNHCR were supported with registration and documentation to prevent statelessness|
|4,934||refugees were assisted to return home from the Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|2021 planning figures|
|92,000||individuals will be reached by public health and hygiene campaigns|
|50,000||refugees will be issued with residence permits following advocacy efforts|
|24,500||people of concern will receive production kits or inputs for agriculture, livestock, and/or fishery activities|
|6,658||people of concern will receive cash assistance /vouchers for business start-up|
|70||peaceful coexistence projects will be implemented|
|60%||of people of concern and host communities will be active in gender-based violence prevention and survivor-centred protection|
People of Concern
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Working environmentThe volatile security situation in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in late 2016 was further compounded by the delay of the Presidential elections and brought new challenges for the protection of civilians and increased tensions between communities.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo remained among the world’s poorest countries in terms of gross national income per capita. In this socio-economic context, coupled with insecurity in some regions and problems of access due to lack of roads, providing protection and assistance to the growing number of refugees and IDPs in the country remained challenging.
- The people of concern under UNHCR’s mandate increased by 16 per cent in 2016, reaching 3.3 million people in need.
- Refugee numbers grew from 383,000 in 2015 to 452,000 in 2016, mainly due to new arrivals from Burundi and South Sudan. A majority of the refugees come from the Central African Republic (CAR), Burundi, Rwanda and South Sudan.
- The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) increased from 1.6 million to 2.2 million people due to security incidents in the eastern DRC.
Achievements and impact
- All refugees living in camps and sites benefited from protection and multi-sectorial assistance
- The number of identified SGBV survivors decreased by 47 per cent as compared to 2015 but remained significant.
- 3,040 CAR refugees benefitted from cash-based interventions.
- 1,364 newly arrived South Sudanese households were provided with emergency shelters
- Many refugees cannot attain socio-economic self-reliance, in the absence of sufficient self-reliance programme
- Only limited numbers of refugees from Burundi and the Central African Republic received transitional shelters to replace old emergency shelters made with plastic sheeting.
- Multi-sectoral and multi-level response to survivors of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), such as legal response and access to justice, was not provided
- UNHCR could not fully monitor the situation of refugees in some border locations and inlands, due to a lack of resources.
The DRC hosts some 233,000 refugees, who are mainly from the Central Africa Republic (CAR), Burundi and Rwanda, as well as former Angolan refugees. Refugees in the DRC have access to land, public health and education services, as well as to water and sanitation facilities. They are allowed to work or run businesses alongside Congolese nationals, generating their own income for self-support, and some refugees live with host communities who share their meager resources.
UNHCR’s operation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) faces challenges that are linked to years of political instability, logistical problems, limited access, ongoing insecurity and limited state authority in certain areas.
In 2016, UNHCR will focus on the response to the needs of newly arrived refugees from the CAR. The Office has planned for the arrival of at least 25,000 CAR refugees in 2016, and a further 15,000 in 2017. Efforts will focus on the delivery of protection and basic assistance to refugees. UNHCR will also contribute to the assistance and protection of 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs).
As the lead agency for camp coordination and camp management (CCCM), UNHCR works with other clusters to improve cross-cutting services and assistance to IDPs. UNHCR will also continue to provide financial, technical and logistical support to the National Commission for Refugees (CNR).
The return and reintegration of Congolese refugees from neighbouring countries (i.e. Angola, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia) also constitute one of the key priorities for 2016.
Any funding shortfall would significantly affect protection services and basic assistance provided to refugees.