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|2021 planning figures|
|3.1 million||refugees, Afghan refugee returnees, IDPs and members of the host community will benefit from community-based projects and newly constructed educational, health and public infrastructure facilities in 40 Priority Areas of Return and Reintegration|
|1 million||refugees, returnees, IDPs and members of the host community will be reached through COVID-19 awareness raising campaign|
|200,000||refugees, returnees, IDPs and members of the host community will be reached through Community-based Protection Monitoring and Border Monitoring to identify protection incidents and risks|
|100,000||returnees, IDPs and members of the host community will benefit from core relief items|
|60,000||returnees will be supported with voluntary repatriation cash grants|
|3,100||refugees and asylum-seekers will benefit from cash assistance to meet their basic needs|
|2019 year-end results|
|500,000||individuals benefitted from UNHCR’s investments in education, health care, WASH and other community infrastructure projects in the PARRs|
|68,800||people were reached through UNHCR’s protection monitoring|
|13,900||youth benefited from multi-sector livelihoods support and market-based skills training|
|8,200||people with specific needs were assessed, of whom 6,900 were assisted directly with cash and in-kind services, while 500 more were referred to other agencies for specialized services. An additional 29,500 people were assisted indirectly through the persons with specific needs (PSN) programme|
|8,000||Afghan refugees voluntarily repatriated with the assistance of UNHCR, including 6,100 from Pakistan, 1,900 from the Islamic Republic of Iran, and 80 from other countries|
|2,140||households received tents and 50,650 households received core relief items and sanitary kits from UNHCR and cluster partners|
People of Concern
Working environmentAfter 40 years of conflict and displacement, the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan will likely remain at the same level over the course of 2020, with continuing insecurity, natural hazards and limited capacity to absorb returning Afghan refugees and those displaced within the country.
UNHCR’s ability to facilitate voluntary repatriation and sustainable reintegration in Afghanistan will largely depend on the evolving situation, including the outcomes of the 2019 presidential elections, the peace talks with Taliban, potential drawdown of the US and NATO forces, and the internal dialogue and reconciliation process in the country.
The “Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees” (SSAR) will remain the key framework for the Afghan situation, and despite challenges, the Government of Afghanistan will endeavor to implement the Displacement and Return Executive Committee (DiREC) policy framework and Action Plan. Afghanistan will also continue to roll-out the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) model, building upon the SSAR and embracing its fundamental objectives
While the number of returns in 2020 may increase or decrease depending on the protection environment in Afghanistan and in the region, UNHCR’s planning assumptions are based on the expected returns of some 60,000 refugees to Afghanistan. Internal displacement, due to complex political and security developments, along with of the risk of natural disasters, is expected to continue in 2020.
Key prioritiesAligned with the Government of Afghanistan’s national priorities, UNHCR aims to deliver the following three strategic objectives:
- Effectively respond to protection risks of people of concern, specifically focusing on: distribution of a voluntary repatriation cash grant of USD 200 to each Afghan refugee returnee, to respond to their needs and protection risks in the initial phases of return and reintegration; advocacy and policy guidance to the Government to ensure the national legal framework is in line with international standards; implementation of protection activities including protection monitoring, legal assistance, people with specific needs case management, and government capacity building; basic needs assistance to the most vulnerable and emergency response through emergency shelter and non-food items distribution, applying a whole-of-community/society approach.
- Engage with the Government and communities to improve living conditions in areas of return and high displacement. Through a whole-of-community/society approach, focus will be placed on education, skills building, livelihood, health care and innovative energy support in 15 priority areas of return and reintegration (PARRs).
- Act as a catalyst in facilitating and supporting a comprehensive and people-centered response and ensure synergies with a broad range of stakeholders to strengthen protection space, the humanitarian-development-peace nexus and enhance information management and information sharing to guide evidence-based programming along with systematic monitoring and evaluation.