Latin America

Operational information on the Latin America subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

Subregion: Latin America

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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Latin America

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2020 {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"budget":[95.44417492400001,115.39270982,121.59747979299999,172.21536010999998,344.697317007,538.0870163999999],"expenditure":[49.91913141,60.80002753,70.53629212,114.37318446,224.53406345,278.87377548]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[63.974638204,78.61664868000001,90.00177706299999,149.4830097,326.75250212699996,484.67816976999995],"p2":[1.1087718100000001,1.1724936000000001,1.72743748,1.17585492,0.981548,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[30.36076491,35.60356754,29.86826525,21.55649549,16.96326688,53.40884663]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[34.30039144,43.1545312,55.02505765,101.93385011,215.60632941,249.96675583],"p2":[0.97657094,0.90564873,1.1479811100000001,0.5759772900000001,0.28972168,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[14.64216903,16.7398476,14.36325336,11.86335706,8.63801236,28.90701965]}
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People of Concern - 2020

[["Refugees",197128],["Refugee-like situation",108759],["Asylum-seekers",1006132],["IDPs",8571378],["Returned refugees",10],["Stateless",237],["Others of concern",3052050],["Venezuelans displaced abroad",3680222]]
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Response in 2020:

Latin America is among the regions hardest hit by the pandemic in 2020. The region’s death toll is among the world’s highest. The prolonged lockdowns and resulting economic downturn disproportionally impacted refugees and asylum-seekers, as well as internally displaced and stateless populations and others of concern to UNHCR. Additionally, the economic crisis and social pressures brought on by the pandemic took a severe toll on displaced people’s ability to integrate within their host communities. As a result, many who were largely self-reliant at the beginning of the year became reliant on humanitarian assistance by the end of 2020.

Many borders throughout the region remain closed because of the pandemic. Nevertheless, enhanced border controls pushed many to resort to dangerous irregular channels, which exposed them to heightened risks of potential refoulment, extortion, health issues and abuse.

UNHCR adapted to the pandemic to help refugees and others of concern meet their urgent basic needs. Changes included expanding cash assistance programmes and adopting innovative remote attention and counselling mechanisms. In parallel, UNHCR worked with governments at all levels to advocate for the inclusion of refugees, both in national social protection schemes and recovery programmes.

With the pandemic exacerbating already dire humanitarian needs, reinforcing multi-stakeholder engagement remained key for UNHCR. Such engagement includes regional frameworks such as the Regional Platform for Venezuelan Refugees and Migrants, the Quito Process, the Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (MIRPS) and other relevant regional migration/asylum forums.

The outflow of some 5.4 million refugees and migrants from the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela represents the world’s second-largest external displacement crisis. The pandemic exacerbated risks, and many displaced Venezuelans lost their jobs and could not afford food or shelter. Facing eviction, exploitation and abuse, with limited or no access to health care or social protection, around 130,000 saw no option but to return when the pandemic struck, but increasing numbers left again as movement restrictions began to ease. In the framework of the Humanitarian Response Plan in Venezuela, and through its leadership of the protection and shelter, energy and non-food item clusters, UNHCR played an active role in humanitarian efforts to ease the plight of over 7 million vulnerable Venezuelans. To that end, almost 250,000 people (60% female and 40% male) received direct assistance provided by UNHCR and partners in Venezuela. An additional 1,230,000 people (56% female and 44% male) benefitted indirectly from UNHCR interventions in prioritized communities, such as rehabilitation of shelters or sanitation improvements in collective sites.

Economic, political, humanitarian, social and climatic factors, combined with chronic gang violence, human rights violations and food insecurity, prompted large mixed movements and a steady exodus of individuals, families and unaccompanied children from and in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. Targeted violence and a lack of overall safety within their communities and countries continued driving many families to leave their homes. The devastating impact of hurricanes Eta and Iota aggravated the situation, particularly as worst hit areas coincide with communities significantly affected by violence and the pandemic. With the root causes of displacement still unaddressed, record numbers of people seeking international protection were registered in Mexico by the end of the year.

COVID-19, new internal displacement and violence by irregular armed groups limited progress on solutions for IDPs in Colombia. Health-related restrictions constrained humanitarian access, as did irregular armed groups, who exerted control over communities and restricted the mobility of 61,450 people. Over 63,600 displacements were officially registered, and 61,450 people suffered confinements imposed by armed groups.

Along with conflict affected populations, UNHCR reinforced and complemented Colombia’s institutional response monitoring the situation and providing life-saving assistance.

Around 71,000 Nicaraguans are asylum-seekers and refugees globally, 85% in neighbouring countries, such as Costa Rica. Along with pandemic, Eta and Iota hurricanes further compounded a complex domestic political and socioeconomic situation in receiving countries as Costa Rica and Panama. UNHCR and partners included host countries in their response to the increased needs of Nicaraguans seeking international protection, boosting asylum systems, cash assistance, inclusion in public health systems and facilitating their socioeconomic integration.
 

Working environment and response in 2020

In 2020, the operational environment in Latin America is largely shaped by the situation in Venezuela. An estimated 6.5 million Venezuelans will have fled their country by the end of 2020, mainly to neighbouring countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.
 
In addition, forced displacement from the North of Central America (NCA) is expected to continue. There were already more than 387,000 refugees and asylum-seekers from NCA countries worldwide by mid-2019, forced to flee because of violence, persecution and insecurity, compounded by deteriorating socioeconomic conditions. In the first half of 2019 alone, nearly 54,000 new asylum applications from NCA nationals were lodged—86% more than the same period in 2018.
 
In Colombia, forced displacement persists in parts of the country, with continued disputes among armed actors regarding territorial control and a high number of homicides targeting community leaders. These incidents have hampered the implementation of the peace agreement in many neglected and poor rural areas. UNHCR’s presence is concentrated in border areas and along the Pacific Coast where most displacement and human rights violations occur. UNHCR will advocate the implementation of a strong legal framework and durable solutions for an estimated 8.1 million IDPs through the Victims and Land Restitution Law.
 
Nicaragua has been in social and political crisis since April 2018. Human rights violations had forced nearly 90,000 Nicaraguans to flee by mid-2019. UNHCR’s 2020 response will strengthen reception capacities in Costa Rica, as well as in El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico and Panama.
 
In line with the roadmap established by the 2014 Brazil Plan of Action, and anticipated commitments made during the Global Refugee Forum, addressing forced displacement through a regional, multi-stakeholder and inclusive approach remains key in the Americas. The Venezuela situation poses major challenges to regional stability. UNHCR will work with governments to consolidate and strengthen a regional and multilateral approach and response through the Quito Process—an initiative of several Latin American countries that seeks to harmonize domestic policies in receiving countries.
 
In 2020 UNHCR will support the implementation of the MIRPS, the regional Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework, to respond to forced displacement from the NCA and to foster regional cooperation between countries of origin, transit and destination for greater responsibility-sharing on prevention, protection and solutions.

2020 Budget and Expenditure in Latin America | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Argentina Multi-Country Office Budget
Expenditure
25,550,650
16,008,216
0
0
0
0
0
0
25,550,650
16,008,216
Brazil Budget
Expenditure
46,613,056
24,096,951
0
0
0
0
0
0
46,613,056
24,096,951
Colombia Budget
Expenditure
85,541,869
41,864,662
0
0
0
0
11,095,654
8,426,071
96,637,523
50,290,733
Costa Rica Budget
Expenditure
26,852,308
16,673,549
0
0
0
0
0
0
26,852,308
16,673,549
Ecuador Budget
Expenditure
74,618,939
33,153,954
0
0
0
0
0
0
74,618,939
33,153,954
Guatemala Budget
Expenditure
34,628,455
20,964,359
0
0
0
0
0
0
34,628,455
20,964,359
Honduras Budget
Expenditure
0
0
0
0
0
0
21,973,913
12,144,725
21,973,913
12,144,725
Mexico Budget
Expenditure
65,212,229
40,442,686
0
0
0
0
0
0
65,212,229
40,442,686
Panama Multi-Country Office Budget
Expenditure
23,368,351
10,914,003
0
0
0
0
20,339,280
8,336,224
43,707,631
19,250,226
Peru Budget
Expenditure
48,625,534
20,154,484
0
0
0
0
0
0
48,625,534
20,154,484
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Budget
Expenditure
53,666,778
25,693,893
0
0
0
0
0
0
53,666,778
25,693,893
Total Budget
Expenditure
484,678,170
249,966,756
0
0
0
0
53,408,847
28,907,020
538,087,016
278,873,775

2020 Voluntary Contributions to Latin America | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 4
IDP projects
All
pillars
Total
Latin America overall
Canada 001,454,545 1,454,545
United States of America 004,500,000 4,500,000
Latin America overall subtotal 005,954,545 5,954,545
Argentina Multi-Country Office
Argentina 00107,100 107,100
European Union 1,246,63300 1,246,633
International Organization for Migration 382,18200 382,182
Private donors in Argentina 132,50000 132,500
Private donors in France 95,83500 95,835
Private donors in Mexico 16000 160
Private donors in Spain 220,50700 220,507
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 267,75000 267,750
Private donors in the United States of America 11,99700 11,997
UNAIDS 8,50000 8,500
United States of America 4,800,00001,600,000 6,400,000
World Bank 0049,500 49,500
Argentina Multi-Country Office subtotal 7,166,06401,756,600 8,922,664
Brazil
Brazil 00191,115 191,115
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 357,69000 357,690
European Union 1,146,07700 1,146,077
International Organization for Migration 242,82000 242,820
Japan 2,500,00000 2,500,000
Luxembourg 00104,603 104,603
Private donors in Brazil 2,801,59801,943,885 4,745,482
Private donors in Canada 60,73300 60,733
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 419,92100 419,921
UN Women 139,60000 139,600
United States of America 11,100,00003,600,000 14,700,000
Brazil subtotal 18,768,43805,839,602 24,608,040
Colombia
Austria 1,091,70300 1,091,703
Canada 00363,636 363,636
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 442,52400 442,524
European Union 3,084,021441,0140 3,525,035
Italy 862,40100 862,401
Japan 3,866,00300 3,866,003
Private donors in Colombia 15,00000 15,000
Private donors in France 609,79200 609,792
Private donors in Italy 0022 22
Private donors in Mexico 002,348 2,348
Private donors in Sweden 300,00000 300,000
Private donors in Switzerland 00252 252
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 4,92000 4,920
Private donors in the United States of America 2,950,02000 2,950,020
Republic of Korea 1,424,820841,3650 2,266,185
Spain 1,924,523221,8320 2,146,355
Switzerland 001,023,541 1,023,541
UN Peacebuilding Fund 0101,3920 101,392
UN Trust Fund for Human Security 073,3560 73,356
UNAIDS 160,50000 160,500
United States of America 21,325,0007,000,0000 28,325,000
Colombia subtotal 38,061,2278,678,9591,389,800 48,129,986
Costa Rica
European Union 1,082,58700 1,082,587
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 31,27600 31,276
UN COVID-19 MPTF 14,88300 14,883
United States of America 1,200,00004,000,000 5,200,000
Costa Rica subtotal 2,328,74604,000,000 6,328,746
Ecuador
Canada 00363,636 363,636
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 669,95200 669,952
European Union 2,844,81100 2,844,811
Italy 559,91000 559,910
Japan 3,400,00000 3,400,000
Private donors in China 100,00000 100,000
Private donors in Italy 0012 12
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 7,10600 7,106
Spain 282,98300 282,983
UN Peacebuilding Fund 198,80400 198,804
UNAIDS 107,00000 107,000
UNICEF 108,75400 108,754
United States of America 14,336,38006,000,000 20,336,380
Ecuador subtotal 22,615,70106,363,648 28,979,349
Guatemala
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 31,29100 31,291
Guatemala subtotal 31,29100 31,291
Honduras
European Union 0363,9450 363,945
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 033,1220 33,122
Spain 086,2680 86,268
Switzerland 0255,8850 255,885
United States of America 700,0008,750,0000 9,450,000
Honduras subtotal 700,0009,489,2200 10,189,220
Mexico
Canada 98,18200 98,182
European Union 2,410,49800 2,410,498
Germany 1,497,65000 1,497,650
Mexico 008,272 8,272
Private donors in Mexico 152,5180603,140 755,658
Private donors in Switzerland 83,78100 83,781
Private donors in the Netherlands 0033 33
Private donors in the United States of America 1,000,00002,800 1,002,800
Qatar 505,87400 505,874
United States of America 1,637,450046,300,000 47,937,450
Mexico subtotal 7,385,953046,914,245 54,300,198
Panama Multi-Country Office
European Union 1,052,972133,4510 1,186,422
France 114,03500 114,035
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 37,88029,3100 67,190
Spain 46,94800 46,948
UN COVID-19 MPTF 0074,900 74,900
United States of America 300,0006,700,0005,800,000 12,800,000
Panama Multi-Country Office subtotal 1,551,8356,862,7615,874,900 14,289,496
Peru
Canada 363,63600 363,636
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 514,08400 514,084
European Union 2,142,53900 2,142,539
Japan 3,500,00000 3,500,000
Netherlands 29,24000 29,240
Private donors in Mexico 00735 735
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 143,50300 143,503
Spain 495,38000 495,380
UNAIDS 40,00000 40,000
United States of America 14,432,10000 14,432,100
Peru subtotal 21,660,4820735 21,661,216
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 2,285,95600 2,285,956
European Union 1,429,70800 1,429,708
Finland 0550,0550 550,055
Japan 00927,644 927,644
Luxembourg 00104,603 104,603
Norway 00386,361 386,361
Portugal 00109,170 109,170
Spain 1,517,05400 1,517,054
Sweden 005,213,221 5,213,221
Switzerland 001,023,541 1,023,541
United States of America 1,900,000013,600,000 15,500,000
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) subtotal 7,132,718550,05521,364,540 29,047,313
Total 127,402,45425,580,99599,458,615 252,442,065
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 20-SEP-2021
    Italy
    $4,132,231
  • 14-SEP-2021
    Egypt

    private donors

    $127,778
  • Spain

    private donors

    $727,691
  • Spain
    $589,622
  • 09-SEP-2021
    Thailand

    private donors

    $462,107
  • 08-SEP-2021
    Spain

    private donors

    $3,135,977
  • 07-SEP-2021
    Spain
    $858,099
  • 06-SEP-2021
    Australia

    private donors

    $1,094,092
  • 04-SEP-2021
    Spain

    private donors

    $135,052
  • 03-SEP-2021
    Monaco
    $353,774
  • United States of America
    $147,700,000
  • 02-SEP-2021
    Italy

    private donors

    $553,365
  • Switzerland

    private donors

    $163,361
  • 01-SEP-2021
    Japan

    private donors

    $506,288
  • Portugal
    $117,924
  • United States of America

    private donors

    $750,000
  • Denmark

    private donors

    $4,755,865
  • 31-AUG-2021
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $331,556
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $68,449
  • Netherlands

    private donors

    $433,887