Latin America

Operational information on the Latin America subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

Subregion: Latin America

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

 


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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Latin America

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2019 {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"budget":[115.39270982,121.59747979299999,172.21536010999998,344.697317007,538.0870163999999,501.26763338999996],"expenditure":[60.80002753,70.53629212,114.37318446,224.53406345,null,null]} {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"p1":[78.61664868000001,90.00177706299999,149.4830097,326.75250212699996,484.67816976999995,448.92351325],"p2":[1.1724936000000001,1.72743748,1.17585492,0.981548,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[35.60356754,29.86826525,21.55649549,16.96326688,53.40884663,52.34412014]} {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"p1":[43.1545312,55.02505765,101.93385011,215.60632941,null,null],"p2":[0.90564873,1.1479811100000001,0.5759772900000001,0.28972168,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[16.7398476,14.36325336,11.86335706,8.63801236,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2021 [projected]

[["Refugees",329805],["Asylum-seekers",1258414],["IDPs",8603590],["Returned refugees",50100],["Stateless",417],["Others of concern",1850250],["Venezuelans displaced abroad",4132171]]
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Operational environment

BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF VENEZUELA
Population outflows from the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela are expected to resume once COVID-19-related restrictions ease, with irregular movements towards Latin America and the Caribbean increasing while borders remain closed. Many Venezuelans who returned to the country during the pandemic have stated their intention to leave the country again in 2021. UNHCR plans to step up assistance inside Venezuela for returnees and host communities in need, while strengthening protection and shelter/energy/non-food item cluster leadership and delivery. UNHCR will continue to co-lead (with IOM) the inter-agency response to implement the Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan across 17 countries, as well as providing technical support to governmental coordination as part of the Quito Process—an initiative of several Latin American countries that seeks to harmonize domestic policies in receiving countries.
 
NORTH OF CENTRAL AMERICA
Political fragility compounded with the impact of the pandemic will likely result in additional forced displacement in the north of Central America. Violence and persecution from criminal gangs in El Salvador and Honduras, combined with increased restrictions on border movements to the north, will cause more internal displacement, with projected numbers at around 400,000 IDPs. Border restrictions implemented during the pandemic have led people take even more dangerous routes in search of safety. Support to the Regional Comprehensive Protection and Solutions Framework for Central America and Mexico (MIRPS) and the implementation of national plans will be key for UNHCR in the region, as well as working with the Organization of American States (OAS) to expand the MIRPS support platform.
 
COLOMBIA
It is expected that new displacements will continue within and from Colombia in areas controlled or disputed by irregular armed groups in line previous years - approximately 100,000 people annually. Nearly 20,000 Colombians were affected by large group displacements in 2020 alone, and displacement and COVID-19-related confinement created new humanitarian needs in several regions. As local and national authorities cope with the aftermath of the pandemic, coordinated efforts will be required to ensure monitoring and emergency response, community empowerment, and solutions through land legalizations and public policies for IDP integration aligned with implementation of the Peace Agreement signed by the Colombian Government and Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army, or FARC (per the acronym in Spanish). UNHCR will continue to co-lead the protection cluster (with Norwegian Refugee Council).
 
NICARAGUA
As many as 45,000 people are expected to arrive to Costa Rica and Panama in 2021 from Nicaragua. Nicaragua’s national elections, slated for November 2021, are likely to exacerbate the complex sociopolitical and human rights situation. An economic downturn and a potential health sector collapse following the pandemic are additional elements in anticipating the increase in displaced Nicaraguans in the coming year. Capacity within Costa Rica, where over 100,000 Nicaraguans already have sought refuge, is stretched. UNHCR will support social protection programmes, as well as food security, livelihoods and shelter through cash assistance as well as providing health insurance for especially vulnerable asylum-seekers and refugees.
In 2021, the socioeconomic impact of the pandemic is expected to have negative consequences on the broader protection environment across the region. Compounded with increased border controls reducing access to territory and regular stay (including asylum), and public fatigue and xenophobic sentiments, there may also be challenges to the inclusion of people of concern into national welfare systems. Temporary suspensions or delays in refugee status determination proceedings will further strain national asylum systems. The post-pandemic socioeconomic crisis will also disproportionately impact workers in the informal sector and the self-employed, affecting the majority of UNHCR´s populations of concern.

Strategy: Response and implementation

Taking into account the impact of the pandemic on the socioeconomic fabric in Latin America, UNHCR will adopt a two-fold strategy, prioritizing the provision of life-saving assistance and protection to refugees, as well as inclusion into national systems and labour markets. Particular attention will be paid to the most vulnerable who have lost their income as a result of the pandemic.  Operations will also provide life-saving assistance in the areas of health, water, sanitation and hygeine, core relief items, emergency shelter and use of multipurpose cash assistance via transfers or vouchers, especially in border areas and urban environments with a large population of displaced people. Protection interventions will focus on access to quality refugee status determination, biometric registration and referrals to services according to needs, as well as enhanced community outreach. The prioritization of life-saving assistance will go hand in hand with efforts to find long-term solutions by fostering cooperation with a wide array of actors, including local authorities and the private sector, to provide livelihood opportunities and promote inclusion into national protection systems.   In this regard, combatting the increasing xenophobic sentiment across the region will remain a clear priority. 

2021 Budget for Latin America | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Argentina Multi-Country Office 35,000,00000035,000,000
Brazil 33,000,00000033,000,000
Colombia 69,196,6220014,540,92883,737,550
Costa Rica 27,000,00000027,000,000
Ecuador 58,470,74400058,470,744
Guatemala 33,725,65500033,725,655
Honduras 110,0000019,163,91319,273,913
Mexico 61,481,69300061,481,693
Panama Multi-Country Office 25,694,3490018,639,28044,333,629
Peru 55,000,00000055,000,000
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 50,244,44900050,244,449
Total 448,923,5130052,344,120501,267,633

2021 Voluntary Contributions to Latin America | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 4
IDP projects
All
pillars
Total
Argentina Multi-Country Office
Private donors in the United States of America 101,17700 101,177
Argentina Multi-Country Office subtotal 101,17700 101,177
Brazil
Brazil 250,00000 250,000
European Union 341,28800 341,288
International Organization for Migration 421,35700 421,357
Brazil subtotal 1,012,64500 1,012,645
Colombia
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 0743,1510 743,151
Denmark 198,12500 198,125
European Union 1,516,46300 1,516,463
Italy 1,442,25300 1,442,253
Private donors in France 119,47400 119,474
Private donors in Sweden 0028,487 28,487
Private donors in the United States of America 150,00000 150,000
Republic of Korea 0675,6480 675,648
Spain 1,427,35700 1,427,357
UN Trust Fund for Human Security 081,2590 81,259
United Nations Environment Programme 20,00000 20,000
Colombia subtotal 4,873,6731,500,05828,487 6,402,218
Costa Rica
European Union 737,02200 737,022
UN COVID-19 MPTF 94,25700 94,257
Costa Rica subtotal 831,27900 831,279
Ecuador
European Union 1,720,55800 1,720,558
Spain 1,031,23400 1,031,234
Ecuador subtotal 2,751,79200 2,751,792
El Salvador
European Union 0460,0010 460,001
Spain 0211,2680 211,268
United States of America 05,300,0000 5,300,000
El Salvador subtotal 05,971,2690 5,971,269
Guatemala
European Union 448,73000 448,730
Guatemala subtotal 448,73000 448,730
Honduras
European Union 0449,9910 449,991
Spain 0370,3990 370,399
United States of America 03,250,0000 3,250,000
Honduras subtotal 04,070,3900 4,070,390
Mexico
European Union 2,598,79100 2,598,791
Germany 4,380,44100 4,380,441
Private donors in Mexico 001,952 1,952
Private donors in the United States of America 0090,946 90,946
Qatar 641,75700 641,757
Start-up Fd for Safe,Orderly&Reg Migrat. 138,18400 138,184
Mexico subtotal 7,759,174092,898 7,852,072
Peru
Canada 306,27900 306,279
European Union 600,94600 600,946
Spain 818,83800 818,838
Peru subtotal 1,726,06200 1,726,062
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
European Union 510,65800 510,658
Spain 1,107,17400 1,107,174
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) subtotal 1,617,83300 1,617,833
Total 21,122,36411,541,717121,385 32,785,465
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 31-DEC-2020
    Canada

    private donors

    $375,385
  • Kenya

    private donors

    $57,742
  • Switzerland

    private donors

    $256,072
  • Spain
    $389,372
  • Greece

    private donors

    $50,315
  • Philippines
    $100,000
  • Italy

    private donors

    $63,281
  • Spain

    private donors

    $13,190,185
  • 30-DEC-2020
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $303,038
  • Greece

    private donors

    $107,219
  • Netherlands

    private donors

    $431,558
  • Sweden

    private donors

    $4,401,924
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $968,523
  • Mexico

    private donors

    $86,167
  • Thailand

    private donors

    $529,395
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $201,488
  • France

    private donors

    $338,279
  • United Arab Emirates

    private donors

    $127,170
  • Singapore

    private donors

    $53,894
  • China

    private donors

    $907,847