East and Horn of Africa

Operational information on the East and Horn of Africa subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

Subregion: East and Horn of Africa

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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion East and Horn of Africa

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2019 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[1734.6092830470002,1708.406562848,1679.9921001850003,1816.990419175,1727.8407836,1682.4465981800004],"expenditure":[710.7805880699999,660.5096148199999,729.9484781300001,867.98788449,790.706912,752.51489824]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[1407.771179317,1385.750670941,1464.041378785,1673.407104514,1521.8222003199999,1398.66009095],"p2":[12.5678804,11.59981011,7.86352259,6.081350491,7.223970400000001,5.7881609],"p3":[15.006955900000001,17.03133044,34.862433409999994,29.80667717,70.29629456999999,156.01048346000002],"p4":[299.26326743,294.024751357,173.2247654,107.695287,128.49831831,121.98786287]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[613.3266137200001,583.7600889500001,657.79668174,799.64683913,707.8836561100001,640.23195117],"p2":[5.74570988,3.4824859100000003,4.278470700000001,2.6658845299999996,2.71683193,2.25705124],"p3":[3.1304472999999997,7.729066309999999,8.31500207,17.82340434,23.79566207,34.71337665],"p4":[88.57781717,65.53797365,59.558323619999996,47.85175649,56.31076189,75.31251918000001]}
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People of Concern - 2019

[["Refugees",4365687],["Asylum-seekers",126119],["IDPs",8103503],["Returned IDPs",1602754],["Returned refugees",109140],["Stateless",18500],["Others of concern",2441120]]
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Operational Environment

The operational environment is the East and Horn of Africa continues unstable, due to ongoing outbreaks of violence, terrorism, droughts, as well as social and political crises.

However, some areas in the subregion are showing improvement, with Ethiopia and Eritrea re-establishing ties after two decades, and the agreement between Djibouti and Eritrea to normalise relations a decade after the border dispute which led to military clashes.
While efforts to restore peace and stability in the subregion continue with ongoing reforms in Ethiopia, countries like South Sudan and Somalia are confronted with violence, increasing food insecurity and drought.

The estimated number of people of concern to UNHCR in the East and Horn of Africa subregion in 2019 will stand at some 14.1 million. In 2019, the subregion will host an estimated 4.6 million refugees and asylum-seekers mainly from South Sudan, Somalia and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), as well as an additional 9.5 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in South Sudan, Somalia, Sudan and Ethiopia. 

South Sudan situation remains the second largest refugee crisis in the region with 2.5 million refugees hosted by six countries: Central African Republic, the DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda. Humanitarian organisations will continue to face challenges in reaching people in dire need as a result of insecurity and access denials. Despite these challenges, South Sudan maintains an open-door policy, hosting over 298,000 refugees from CAR, the DRC, Ethiopia and Sudan. In 2019, the operational environment in South Sudan is expected to remain fluid despite the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict of the Republic of South Sudan in September 2018. Implementation of the Agreement will be a major milestone towards sustainable peace.
 
Amid security challenges, Somalia is gradually recovering after more than two decades of conflict. The country is hosting about 2.6 million IDPs and some 820,000 Somali refugees are residing across other countries in the Horn of Africa (256,000 in Ethiopia, 255,500 in Kenya: 255,500 and 256,000 in Yemen). Since December 2014, more than 120,000 people have voluntarily returned to Somalia. Somalia is also hosting some 31,000 registered refugees and asylum-seekers from Yemen.
 
Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda will also continue to host large numbers of people of concern. Ethiopia is currently undergoing political changes following the appointment of a new Prime Minister in 2018. Outbreaks of violence have occurred in parts of the country, including the capital, and might continue throughout 2019.  Ethiopia currently hosts more than 900,000 refugees from countries including South Sudan, Somalia, Sudan, Eritrea and Yemen. In addition, an estimated 2.8 million people are internally displaced, with a significant number expected to require humanitarian assistance throughout 2019.
 
Refugee influx from the DRC and South Sudan to Uganda will continue in 2019. In Eritrea, the political and security environment has changed significantly, possibly resulting in the return of Eritrean refugees in 2019. Substantial spontaneous returns and UNHCR-assisted voluntary returns of Sudanese from Chad are expected to continue particularly to North, Central and West Darfur states.
 
Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda are already implementing the Comprehensive Responses. In 2019, these five countries will continue expanding partnerships while strengthening the existing collaboration with UN agencies and development actors.
 
In October 2018, UNHCR appointed Ambassador Mohamed Abdi Affey as its Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa. The Special Envoy’s role will include advocating for continued international protection and increased inclusion of refugees in the countries they reside in, as well as for more global investment in this region. He will engage directly with refugees, regional governments and political institutions, as well as the greater international community.
 
UNHCR will promote self-reliance and economic inclusion of refugees and asylum-seekers in the subregion through livelihood opportunities with the most vulnerable targeted with financial assistance programmes such as cash based interventions. UNHCR will also ensure significant expansion in education, environment and livelihoods, as well as strengthen accountability and risk management.
 

2019 Budget and Expenditure in East and Horn of Africa | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Chad Budget
Expenditure
123,727,254
66,771,054
1,054,253
513,626
2,425,000
251,534
3,177,506
1,441,358
130,384,013
68,977,572
Djibouti Budget
Expenditure
16,925,148
7,680,364
0
0
0
0
0
0
16,925,148
7,680,364
Eritrea Budget
Expenditure
9,728,288
2,450,421
0
0
0
0
0
0
9,728,288
2,450,421
Ethiopia Budget
Expenditure
310,809,537
127,073,205
0
0
7,000,000
555,133
28,700,322
14,381,422
346,509,859
142,009,760
Ethiopia UNHCR Representation to the AU and ECA Budget
Expenditure
4,135,551
3,321,419
0
0
0
0
0
0
4,135,551
3,321,419
Kenya Budget
Expenditure
169,415,073
99,701,462
555,990
238,622
0
0
0
0
169,971,062
99,940,084
Kenya Regional Support Hub Budget
Expenditure
8,464,458
7,820,784
0
0
0
0
0
0
8,464,458
7,820,784
Regional Bureau for the East and Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Budget
Expenditure
3,294,449
2,235,395
0
0
0
0
0
0
3,294,449
2,235,395
Somalia Budget
Expenditure
34,261,076
12,938,006
0
0
112,636,247
27,537,036
36,394,302
26,197,198
183,291,625
66,672,239
South Sudan Budget
Expenditure
107,752,839
89,266,895
1,156,964
531,712
12,000,000
2,563,800
31,273,540
22,307,739
152,183,344
114,670,145
Sudan Budget
Expenditure
221,498,759
61,257,392
2,820,954
904,023
21,949,236
3,805,874
22,442,193
10,984,802
268,711,143
76,952,091
Uganda Budget
Expenditure
386,000,000
159,511,474
200,000
69,068
0
0
0
0
386,200,000
159,580,542
Regional activities Budget
Expenditure
2,647,659
204,081
0
0
0
0
0
0
2,647,659
204,081
Total Budget
Expenditure
1,398,660,091
640,231,951
5,788,161
2,257,051
156,010,483
34,713,377
121,987,863
75,312,519
1,682,446,598
752,514,898

2019 Voluntary Contributions to East and Horn and Great Lakes | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
All
pillars
Total
East and Horn and Great Lakes overall
Private donors in the Republic of Korea 000012,565 12,565
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 0000100,000 100,000
East and Horn and Great Lakes overall subtotal 0000112,565 112,565
Burundi
African Development Bank 825,5330000 825,533
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 150,0920000 150,092
France 0000200,000 200,000
Republic of Korea 0000100,000 100,000
Sweden 0000827,267 827,267
UN Peacebuilding Fund 466,6670000 466,667
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 522,1040000 522,104
United States of America 3,000,0000007,142,000 10,142,000
WFP 423,5730000 423,573
Burundi subtotal 5,387,9690008,269,267 13,657,236
Djibouti
Canada 000075,988 75,988
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 150,0000000 150,000
France 113,6360000 113,636
Intergovernmental Authority on Development 66,1100000 66,110
Japan 285,7140000 285,714
United States of America 266,5000003,300,000 3,566,500
Djibouti subtotal 881,9600003,375,988 4,257,948
Eritrea
United States of America 00001,300,000 1,300,000
Eritrea subtotal 00001,300,000 1,300,000
Ethiopia
Belgium 00002,275,313 2,275,313
Canada 0000949,848 949,848
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 000500,0000 500,000
Common Humanitarian Fund Sudan 000819,7450 819,745
Denmark 4,850,4460000 4,850,446
Equatorial Guinea 50,0000000 50,000
European Union 2,125,8800000 2,125,880
France 113,6360000 113,636
Germany 722,22200722,2220 1,444,444
Ireland 00001,136,364 1,136,364
Italy 3,951,8000000 3,951,800
Japan 2,000,0000000 2,000,000
Luxembourg 0000209,205 209,205
Netherlands 758,02200155,150143,000 1,056,172
Norway 255,8130000 255,813
Private donors in Canada 0000323,086 323,086
Private donors in France 000016,667 16,667
Private donors in Italy 00002,461 2,461
Private donors in Spain 1,158,1120000 1,158,112
Private donors in the Netherlands 3,054,0060000 3,054,006
Private donors in the United States of America 333,379000108,960 442,339
Republic of Korea 600,0000000 600,000
Spain 364,4290000 364,429
Sweden 00001,099,989 1,099,989
UNAIDS 000072,000 72,000
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 7,915,6860000 7,915,686
United States of America 770,07202,250,0002,117,70069,706,249 74,844,021
WFP 0000222,392 222,392
Ethiopia subtotal 29,023,50302,250,0004,314,81776,265,534 111,853,854
Ethiopia UNHCR Representation to the AU and ECA
Ireland 0000222,965 222,965
Ethiopia UNHCR Representation to the AU and ECA subtotal 0000222,965 222,965
Kenya
Canada 0000759,878 759,878
Denmark 1,982,0090000 1,982,009
European Union 1,478,9530000 1,478,953
France 227,2730000 227,273
Japan 2,500,0000000 2,500,000
Netherlands 1,202,1310000 1,202,131
Private donors in Canada 198,798000188 198,987
Private donors in Denmark 000054,936 54,936
Private donors in France 000024,444 24,444
Private donors in Kenya 000095,787 95,787
Private donors in Qatar 410,4330000 410,433
Private donors in Switzerland 367,3850000 367,385
Private donors in the Netherlands 114,7950000 114,795
Private donors in the Republic of Korea 193,1950000 193,195
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 000056,420 56,420
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 38,52000015,234 53,754
Private donors in the United States of America 500,037000255,174 755,211
Sweden 864,3670000 864,367
Switzerland 00001,004,016 1,004,016
UNAIDS 26,4000000 26,400
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 10,589,3690000 10,589,369
United States of America 671,66400036,316,612 36,988,276
Kenya subtotal 21,365,32900038,582,690 59,948,019
Kenya Regional Support Hub
Germany 84,9000000 84,900
Intergovernmental Authority on Development 55,0380000 55,038
Netherlands 145,0000000 145,000
United States of America 0000107,514 107,514
Kenya Regional Support Hub subtotal 284,938000107,514 392,452
Rwanda
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 352,5800000 352,580
Denmark 00001,524,623 1,524,623
European Union 334,4480000 334,448
Japan 267,8570000 267,857
Malta 55,8040000 55,804
Norway 5,449,5910000 5,449,591
Private donors in Australia 000029,735 29,735
Private donors in Austria 00002,271 2,271
Private donors in Spain 000084,759 84,759
Private donors in Sweden 0000437,792 437,792
Private donors in Switzerland 000057,883 57,883
Private donors in the Netherlands 422,6300000 422,630
UNAIDS 30,0000000 30,000
United States of America 216,71700021,063,400 21,280,117
Rwanda subtotal 7,129,62700023,200,462 30,330,089
Somalia
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 00906,8031,967,6730 2,874,476
European Union 568,1820000 568,182
France 000170,4550 170,455
Germany 5,585,7520000 5,585,752
Italy 001,141,55300 1,141,553
Japan 1,894,97001,861,800243,2300 4,000,000
Private donors in Italy 0000111 111
Private donors in Qatar 00001,027,147 1,027,147
Private donors in the United States of America 000275,0000 275,000
Republic of Korea 002,400,0000250,000 2,650,000
Sweden 0000549,995 549,995
UN Peacebuilding Fund 00181,48000 181,480
UN-Habitat 2,209,4380000 2,209,438
United States of America 000040,300,000 40,300,000
Somalia subtotal 10,258,34106,491,6362,656,35842,127,252 61,533,587
South Sudan
Canada 0000569,909 569,909
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 3,000,002001,400,0350 4,400,037
Denmark 00001,524,623 1,524,623
European Union 1,111,7240000 1,111,724
France 284,09100284,0910 568,182
Intergovernmental Authority on Development 222,3240000 222,324
Italy 0000613,497 613,497
Japan 3,097,4820000 3,097,482
Luxembourg 0000366,109 366,109
Private donors in Luxembourg 111,4830000 111,483
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 100,0000000 100,000
Private donors in the United States of America 35,00000600,005333,169 968,174
Republic of Korea 00001,664,000 1,664,000
Switzerland 0000753,012 753,012
UNAIDS 30,0000000 30,000
United States of America 80,25000040,400,000 40,480,250
South Sudan subtotal 8,072,356002,284,13146,224,318 56,580,805
Sudan
Canada 00001,253,799 1,253,799
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 1,789,7240071,4640 1,861,188
Common Humanitarian Fund Sudan 0001,324,3250 1,324,325
European Union 3,876,3790000 3,876,379
Intergovernmental Authority on Development 287,6450000 287,645
Japan 1,701,10000159,813639,087 2,500,000
Luxembourg 0000156,904 156,904
Netherlands 3,250,676223,465000 3,474,141
Norway 240,3160000 240,316
Private donors in Australia 30,8310000 30,831
Republic of Korea 0000300,000 300,000
Sudan 854,1070000 854,107
Sweden 00002,757,556 2,757,556
Switzerland 00001,004,016 1,004,016
UN African Union Hybrid Operation Darfur 1,241,738001,110,4260 2,352,163
United States of America 633,50000051,700,000 52,333,500
WFP 354,5110000 354,511
Sudan subtotal 14,260,526223,46502,666,02857,811,362 74,961,380
Uganda
Austria 1,114,8270000 1,114,827
Canada 0000569,909 569,909
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 5,105,000000969,738 6,074,738
Denmark 9,910,0470001,524,623 11,434,670
Education Cannot Wait 120,8370000 120,837
End Violence Against Children Fund 000029,182 29,182
European Union 4,2180007,517,906 7,522,124
France 568,1820000 568,182
Germany 5,982,84221,400000 6,004,242
Intergovernmental Authority on Development 483,9570000 483,957
Ireland 00001,114,827 1,114,827
Japan 2,000,000000903,016 2,903,016
Netherlands 2,857,3390000 2,857,339
Norway 666,2910001,170,823 1,837,114
Private donors in Canada 000015 15
Private donors in France 0000436 436
Private donors in Germany 0000242,641 242,641
Private donors in Italy 000067 67
Private donors in Japan 1,392,8800000 1,392,880
Private donors in Spain 114,1550000 114,155
Private donors in Switzerland 900034 43
Private donors in the Republic of Korea 00008,421 8,421
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 181,66000031 181,691
Private donors in the United States of America 486,651000200,000 686,651
Republic of Korea 2,534,6660000 2,534,666
Spain 147,7270000 147,727
Spotlight Initiative 1,186,7460000 1,186,746
Sweden 190,2820002,199,978 2,390,260
Switzerland 00001,004,016 1,004,016
UNAIDS 000030,000 30,000
United States of America 921,31800094,921,000 95,842,318
Uganda subtotal 35,969,63521,40000112,406,663 148,397,698
United Republic of Tanzania
Canada 0000455,927 455,927
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 2,500,0000000 2,500,000
Delivering as One 0000139,489 139,489
European Union 780,3790000 780,379
France 200,0000000 200,000
Ireland 1,624,2920000 1,624,292
Japan 357,1420000 357,142
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 000017,481 17,481
Private donors in the United States of America 141,0000000 141,000
UNAIDS 000030,000 30,000
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 6,385,6960000 6,385,696
United States of America 416,84400026,907,000 27,323,844
United Republic of Tanzania subtotal 12,405,35400027,549,897 39,955,251
Total 145,039,538244,8658,741,63611,921,334437,556,476 603,503,848
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 09-OCT-2020
    Japan
    $900,000
  • 06-OCT-2020
    United States of America

    private donors

    $305,882
  • 05-OCT-2020
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $193,642
  • 03-OCT-2020
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $103,047
  • 02-OCT-2020
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $124,200
  • Republic of Korea
    $11,800,000
  • 01-OCT-2020
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $246,648
  • Spain
    $924,476
  • 30-SEP-2020
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $276,345
  • Greece

    private donors

    $100,365
  • Netherlands

    private donors

    $338,462
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $7,665,312
  • Brazil

    private donors

    $182,846
  • Sweden

    private donors

    $1,773,974
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $1,214,769
  • Germany

    private donors

    $3,732,226
  • Spain

    private donors

    $7,392,097
  • Mexico

    private donors

    $79,370
  • United Arab Emirates

    private donors

    $73,145
  • Belgium

    private donors

    $99,108