Southern Africa

Operational information on the Southern Africa subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

| Angola | Botswana | Comoros| Eswatini | Lesotho | Madagascar | Malawi | Mauritius | Mozambique | Namibia | Seychelles | South Africa | Zambia | Zimbabwe|

Subregion: Southern Africa

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

 


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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Southern Africa

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2019 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[71.78563245999999,74.338103542,76.47449221000001,113.36830576,125.00417463400001,110.30826907],"expenditure":[42.47998622,40.00321486,41.10263636,66.37558515,66.42414331,73.97537775]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[69.95513627,72.322737383,74.67262645000001,111.88847664000001,123.10730955400001,100.08226239],"p2":[1.13994119,1.481945159,1.80186576,1.4798291200000002,1.89686508,1.51328968],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[0.690555,0.533421,null,null,null,8.712717]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[41.601755329999996,38.70577751,40.03893561,65.42664959,65.65019121,66.94462756],"p2":[0.53033177,0.8125094,1.06370075,0.94893556,0.7739521,1.3630258899999999],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[0.34789912,0.48492795,null,null,null,5.6677243]}
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People of Concern - 2019

[["Refugees",205892],["Asylum-seekers",289635],["IDPs",450516],["Returned refugees",146],["Others of concern",24549]]
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Operational Environment

Southern Africa sub-region hosts close to 534,000 people of concern, including some 204,000 refugees and more than 281,000 asylum-seekers as of mid-2018, mainly from the Central Africa and Great Lakes, East and Horn of Africa, and Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries. There has been an increase in the number of people of concern in the sub-region largely due to the influx of refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to neighbouring Angola and Zambia, as well as to other countries in the sub-region. By mid-2018, Southern Africa sub-region was hosting close to 186,000 Congolese refugees and asylum-seekers. As a result of the peace process, the majority of Mozambican asylum-seekers in Malawi have returned during 2018 and those hosted in Zimbabwe are expected to return during 2019.
 
Although several countries in the sub-region are experiencing economic growth, many are still struggling with inequalities, poverty, seasonal floods, drought, food shortages, poor social protection, xenophobia and a high HIV/AIDS prevalence. Mixed movements continue to put a strain on national asylum systems, triggering restrictive migration and refugee policies in the region. While nearly all countries are parties to international and regional refugee instruments, reservations regarding freedom of movement and access to employment, keeping refugees mainly in camps and settlements, remain.
 
Zambia is already applying the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) and Angola, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe have also expressed interest or support for applying it.
 
One of the main challenges continues to be the onward movement of people of concern between countries in the sub-region, with the final destination for most being South Africa. This concerns in particular the movement of populations from the DRC, Ethiopia and Somalia. In order to address these challenges, UNHCR operations in Angola, Madagascar, Malawi, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe have deployed the new biometric identity management system for protection needs assessments. Since 2017, some 517 secondary movements of registered people of concern have been detected in the sub-region. Depending on the availability of funding, further deployments to cover the entire region have been planned for 2019.

In 2019, UNHCR will endeavor to:
  • Advocate for accession to, and ratification of, international and/or regional instruments on refugees, internally displaced people and stateless persons, lifting reservations to these instruments and support the development of national legal frameworks;
  • Find comprehensive solutions, particularly to refugees in protracted situations and former refugees who remain in asylum countries;
  • Improve the standards of assistance through empowerment of refugees, increased self-reliance and livelihoods as well as implementation of cash based interventions;
  • Promote the implementation of the Global action plan to end statelessness by 2024.
  • Pursue a multi-year multi-partner protection and solutions strategy for 2019-2021 as well as the implementation of the CRRF in the sub-region.

Response and implementation

 Botswana hosts some 2,400 refugees and asylum-seekers in Dukwi refugee camp. UNHCR began to phase down its presence in Botswana in 2015 and support to the Government in the management of refugees and asylum-seekers will continue in 2019.
 
In the Kingdom of Eswatini UNHCR provides protection and assistance mainly through a local partner to some 1,500 refugees and asylum-seekers residing in the Malindza reception center and in urban areas. The new Refugee Act is currently pending the signature of the Minister of Home Affairs to enter into force. Eswatini has requested UNHCR’s technical support in drafting regulations giving effect to the changes and institutions established under the new legislation. 
 
Lesotho hosts 87 people of concern. In 2019, UNHCR will continue capacity building to authorities on refugee status determination and the management of refugees and asylum-seekers.
 
The Indian Ocean Island States host few known people of concern. UNHCR continues to monitor the situation through partners and periodic missions. UNHCR will continue encouraging Comoros and Mauritius to accede to international refugee and statelessness instruments as well as to establish a referral mechanism to coordinate the management of asylum-seekers, refugees and stateless persons. Seychelles has requested UNHCR’s technical support in drafting a national legal asylum framework that could serve as a model for other Indian Ocean Island States. Seychelles has also shown interest in acceding to statelessness conventions.
 
Madagascar is hosting 128 refugees and asylum-seekers. UNHCR will continue to support in the management of refugees and asylum-seekers through the provision of social and legal assistance by a partner.
 
Namibia hosts some 3,700 refugees and asylum-seekers in urban areas and the Osire refugee settlement. UNHCR provides shelter, food and core relief items through its local partner and supports the Government in absorbing the assistance activities. UNHCR also supports the Government in the local integration of some 1,700 former Angolan refugees who are in the process of receiving residence permits.

2019 Budget and Expenditure in Southern Africa | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Total Budget
Expenditure
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2019 Voluntary Contributions to Southern Africa | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
All
pillars
Total
Southern Africa overall
Private donors in Australia 0000108,235 108,235
Private donors in Canada 000032,519 32,519
Private donors in China 0000107,816 107,816
Private donors in Denmark 00001,228 1,228
Private donors in Egypt 00001,071 1,071
Private donors in France 000035,820 35,820
Private donors in Germany 0000559,139 559,139
Private donors in India 0000563 563
Private donors in Italy 000042,943 42,943
Private donors in Japan 000091,888 91,888
Private donors in Kenya 0000487 487
Private donors in Kuwait 00001,760 1,760
Private donors in Lebanon 000019,850 19,850
Private donors in Oman 00001,209 1,209
Private donors in Saudi Arabia 00008,517 8,517
Private donors in Singapore 000011,720 11,720
Private donors in South Africa 0000300 300
Private donors in Spain 0000314,729 314,729
Private donors in Sweden 0000108,675 108,675
Private donors in Switzerland 000063,905 63,905
Private donors in Thailand 00002,320 2,320
Private donors in the Netherlands 000010,410 10,410
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 000021,738 21,738
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 0000122,108 122,108
Private donors in the United States of America 0000167,497 167,497
Spain 00002,273 2,273
Southern Africa overall subtotal 00001,838,721 1,838,721
Angola
Angola 0000120,000 120,000
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 359,1540000 359,154
Private donors in Italy 17000228 245
Private donors in Japan 85,0000000 85,000
UNAIDS 000030,000 30,000
United States of America 00003,000,000 3,000,000
Angola subtotal 444,1700003,150,228 3,594,398
Congo
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 1,432,6440000 1,432,644
Germany 021,400000 21,400
UN Peacebuilding Fund 000168,3160 168,316
UNAIDS 18,6920001,308 20,000
United States of America 134,2850004,500,000 4,634,285
Congo subtotal 1,585,62121,4000168,3164,501,308 6,276,645
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Belgium 0002,275,3130 2,275,313
Canada 0000759,878 759,878
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 0032,3974,715,2990 4,747,696
European Union 3,184,4750000 3,184,475
Finland 00001,668,521 1,668,521
France 0001,590,9090 1,590,909
Italy 000552,1310 552,131
Japan 1,347,467001,070,00082,533 2,500,000
Private donors in Australia 118,005000445,112 563,117
Private donors in Japan 126,1880000 126,188
Private donors in Switzerland 269,4960000 269,496
Private donors in the Republic of Korea 87,0240000 87,024
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 000046,783 46,783
Private donors in the United States of America 514,1560000 514,156
Spain 423,8740000 423,874
Sweden 00002,199,978 2,199,978
UNAIDS 35,0000000 35,000
United States of America 1,300,00000169,06034,700,000 36,169,060
Democratic Republic of the Congo subtotal 7,405,685032,39710,372,71239,902,804 57,713,599
Malawi
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 000343,4090 343,409
Japan 417,5960000 417,596
Private donors in Japan 324,6190000 324,619
Private donors in Sweden 1570000 157
Private donors in the United States of America 000275,0000 275,000
UNAIDS 30,0000000 30,000
United States of America 1,200,00000069,937 1,269,937
Malawi subtotal 1,972,37200618,40969,937 2,660,718
Mozambique
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 48,0520051,8240 99,876
Norway 0000576,967 576,967
Private donors in Spain 000024,256 24,256
Spain 00085,22756,818 142,045
United States of America 00001,000,000 1,000,000
WFP 107,0000000 107,000
Mozambique subtotal 155,05200137,0511,658,042 1,950,145
Regional Bureau for Southern Africa
United States of America 0000171,200 171,200
Regional Bureau for Southern Africa subtotal 0000171,200 171,200
South Africa Regional Office
Botswana 000030,472 30,472
Germany 021,400000 21,400
Private donors in Japan 47,3130000 47,313
South Africa 000019,481 19,481
United States of America 00003,000,000 3,000,000
South Africa Regional Office subtotal 47,31321,400003,049,953 3,118,666
Zambia
Austria 113,7660000 113,766
European Union 1,137,6560000 1,137,656
Japan 500,000000361,206 861,206
UN Trust Fund for Human Security 80,3780000 80,378
United States of America 2,400,00000053,500 2,453,500
Zambia subtotal 4,231,800000414,706 4,646,507
Zimbabwe
African Development Bank 734,0900000 734,090
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 000250,0200 250,020
Germany 026,750000 26,750
Private donors in Zimbabwe 14,0000000 14,000
United Arab Emirates 000503,0000 503,000
United States of America 00003,500,000 3,500,000
Zimbabwe subtotal 748,09026,7500753,0203,500,000 5,027,860
Total 16,590,10369,55032,39712,049,50958,256,901 86,998,459
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 07-AUG-2020
    Austria
    $645,882
  • 04-AUG-2020
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $521,640
  • 03-AUG-2020
    Japan

    private donors

    $424,465
  • Germany
    $56,962
  • 31-JUL-2020
    Germany

    private donors

    $2,100,001
  • Spain

    private donors

    $7,058,596
  • South Africa

    private donors

    $77,780
  • 30-JUL-2020
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $243,165
  • Greece

    private donors

    $84,751
  • Republic of Korea
    $2,000,000
  • Brazil

    private donors

    $221,506
  • Mexico

    private donors

    $112,545
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $166,819
  • Canada

    private donors

    $370,952
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $7,573,526
  • Thailand

    private donors

    $480,032
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $697,211
  • Netherlands

    private donors

    $231,920
  • France

    private donors

    $84,078
  • China

    private donors

    $870,641