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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion North Africa
People of Concern - 2021 [projected][["Refugees",433350],["Asylum-seekers",121823],["IDPs",1000000],["Returned IDPs",450000]]
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Operational environmentThe region of North Africa continued to be one of both transit and destination for refugees and migrants in 2020, with this trend likely to continue in 2021. While the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated mobility restrictions and border closures temporarily interrupted and slowed down mixed flows, these persisted across the sub-region with often dangerous journeys taken across the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic. When compared to the same periods in 2019, more departures were observed from the sub-region alongside an increase in disembarkations, particularly in Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia in 2020. Due to the pandemic, the vulnerabilities of people of concern involved in these mixed movements were heightened.
In 2021, mixed population movements are expected to continue along the Western and Central Mediterranean routes, but also the Atlantic, reinforcing the need to explore innovative approaches that address the root causes of these movements and provide support and solutions.
Despite progress achieved by peace initiatives in Libya, further displacement and acute humanitarian needs are expected in 2021, as insecurity and socioeconomic hardships continue to affect civilians and people of concern. In 2021, UNHCR will maintain its efforts to protect the forcibly displaced in Libya, including IDPs and returnees, and will enhance its response to the needs of vulnerable asylum-seekers and refugees, particularly in urban areas where the vast majority of refugees reside.
While the Sahel region continues to face a severe humanitarian and protection crisis, a decline of Malians arriving in Mauritania was observed following the onset of the pandemic. Nevertheless, the protracted camp situation in Mbera camp will require ongoing engagement with development actors and the Government of Mauritania to expand self-reliance opportunities and ensure inclusion of people of concern in national systems. Similarly, the protracted camp situation in Tindouf, Algeria for refugees from Western Sahara will require sustained donor interest and support, at a time where livelihoods have been further strained by the pandemic.
In 2021, UNHCR’s response in North Africa will focus on preserving and strengthening the protection space across countries and along the displacement cycle to ensure people of concern can access protection and solutions. Coordination and advocacy with a wide range of actors will be increased. In addition, UNHCR will focus on protection monitoring, identification and prioritisation of persons at heightened risk, capacity-building and technical support to enhance case processing, communication with communities, resettlement and other solutions.
2021 Budget for North Africa | USD
|Western Sahara (Confidence Building Measures)||4,000,000||0||0||0||4,000,000|
2021 Voluntary Contributions to North Africa | USD
|Earmarking / Donor||Pillar 1
|North Africa overall|
|United States of America||0||0||1,000,000||1,000,000|
|North Africa overall subtotal||0||0||1,000,000||1,000,000|
|Private donors in the United States of America||107,031||0||0||107,031|
|United States of America||0||0||1,900,000||1,900,000|
|Egypt Regional Office|
|Private donors in Saudi Arabia||31,950||0||0||31,950|
|Private donors in the United Arab Emirates||52,615||0||0||52,615|
|Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland||0||0||101,588||101,588|
|United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland||481,985||0||0||481,985|
|United States of America||2,900,000||0||2,900,000||5,800,000|
|Egypt Regional Office subtotal||10,820,372||0||4,742,211||15,562,584|
|Private donors in Canada||0||0||8||8|
|United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland||389,104||0||0||389,104|
|United States of America||0||0||4,500,000||4,500,000|
|African Development Bank||1,448,467||0||0||1,448,467|
|Private donors in Lebanon||0||0||353||353|
|Private donors in the United Arab Emirates||0||0||524||524|
|UN Peacebuilding Fund||700,000||0||0||700,000|
|United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland||24,703||0||0||24,703|
|United States of America||0||0||1,400,000||1,400,000|
|Private donors in the United States of America||49,995||0||0||49,995|
|UN Trust Fund for Human Security||7,817||0||0||7,817|