North Africa

Operational information on the North Africa subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries and territories:
 

| Algeria | Egypt | Libya | Mauritania | Morocco | Tunisia | Western Sahara

Subregion: North Africa

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

 


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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion North Africa

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2019 {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"budget":[173.67452757,229.340676434,238.25856056,272.96977094,289.55610181000003,312.93902176],"expenditure":[97.53519033,126.88229088,127.67430111,139.80670160999998,null,null]} {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"p1":[168.62986455,215.19540843399997,227.59999556,246.00094081999998,262.81576903,284.39868927],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[5.04466302,14.145268,10.658565,26.96883012,26.740332780000003,28.540332489999997]} {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"p1":[95.21022718,115.9172437,117.66395005,132.72343233,null,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[2.32496315,10.96504718,10.01035106,7.083269280000001,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2021 [projected]

[["Refugees",433350],["Asylum-seekers",121823],["IDPs",1000000],["Returned IDPs",450000]]
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Operational environment

The region of North Africa continued to be one of both transit and destination for refugees and migrants in 2020, with this trend likely to continue in 2021. While the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated mobility restrictions and border closures temporarily interrupted and slowed down mixed flows, these persisted across the sub-region with often dangerous journeys taken across the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic. When compared to the same periods in 2019, more departures were observed from the sub-region alongside an increase in disembarkations, particularly in Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia in 2020. Due to the pandemic, the vulnerabilities of people of concern involved in these mixed movements were heightened.
 
In 2021, mixed population movements are expected to continue along the Western and Central Mediterranean routes, but also the Atlantic, reinforcing the need to explore innovative approaches that address the root causes of these movements and provide support and solutions.
 
Despite progress achieved by peace initiatives in Libya, further displacement and acute humanitarian needs are expected in 2021, as insecurity and socioeconomic hardships continue to affect civilians and people of concern. In 2021, UNHCR will maintain its efforts to protect the forcibly displaced in Libya, including IDPs and returnees, and will enhance its response to the needs of vulnerable asylum-seekers and refugees, particularly in urban areas where the vast majority of refugees reside.
 
While the Sahel region continues to face a severe humanitarian and protection crisis, a decline of Malians arriving in Mauritania was observed following the onset of the pandemic. Nevertheless, the protracted camp situation in Mbera camp will require ongoing engagement with development actors and the Government of Mauritania to expand self-reliance opportunities and ensure inclusion of people of concern in national systems. Similarly, the protracted camp situation in Tindouf, Algeria for refugees from Western Sahara will require sustained donor interest and support, at a time where livelihoods have been further strained by the pandemic.  
 
In 2021, UNHCR’s response in North Africa will focus on preserving and strengthening the protection space across countries and along the displacement cycle to ensure people of concern can access protection and solutions. Coordination and advocacy with a wide range of actors will be increased. In addition, UNHCR will focus on protection monitoring, identification and prioritisation of persons at heightened risk, capacity-building and technical support to enhance case processing, communication with communities, resettlement and other solutions.

2021 Budget for North Africa | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Algeria 40,673,50000040,673,500
Egypt 126,798,805000126,798,805
Libya 64,428,0510028,540,33292,968,383
Mauritania 30,617,53100030,617,531
Morocco 8,900,0000008,900,000
Tunisia 8,980,8020008,980,802
Western Sahara (Confidence Building Measures) 4,000,0000004,000,000
Total 284,398,6890028,540,332312,939,022

2021 Voluntary Contributions to North Africa | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 4
IDP projects
All
pillars
Total
North Africa overall
United States of America 001,000,000 1,000,000
North Africa overall subtotal 001,000,000 1,000,000
Algeria
Canada 00317,712 317,712
Germany 001,100,110 1,100,110
Italy 1,268,49400 1,268,494
Japan 808,3000191,700 1,000,000
Norway 100,00100 100,001
Private donors in the United States of America 107,03100 107,031
United States of America 001,900,000 1,900,000
Algeria subtotal 2,283,82503,509,522 5,793,347
Egypt Regional Office
European Union 5,312,30800 5,312,308
Germany 001,740,624 1,740,624
Italy 1,227,67900 1,227,679
Netherlands 813,83500 813,835
Private donors in Saudi Arabia 31,95000 31,950
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 52,61500 52,615
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 00101,588 101,588
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 481,98500 481,985
United States of America 2,900,00002,900,000 5,800,000
Egypt Regional Office subtotal 10,820,37204,742,211 15,562,584
Libya
Canada 00555,997 555,997
European Union 15,897,98100 15,897,981
Germany 002,222,222 2,222,222
Italy 2,037,8811,049,1350 3,087,016
Netherlands 1,141,1821,211,7580 2,352,940
Private donors in Canada 008 8
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 389,10400 389,104
United States of America 004,500,000 4,500,000
Libya subtotal 19,466,1482,260,8937,278,227 29,005,268
Mauritania
African Development Bank 1,448,46700 1,448,467
Germany 1,659,18800 1,659,188
Italy 334,82100 334,821
Japan 625,00000 625,000
Monaco 111,48300 111,483
Private donors in Lebanon 00353 353
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 00524 524
UN Peacebuilding Fund 700,00000 700,000
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 24,70300 24,703
United States of America 001,400,000 1,400,000
Mauritania subtotal 4,903,66101,400,878 6,304,539
Morocco
European Union 874,05000 874,050
Italy 362,72300 362,723
Japan 459,27900 459,279
Monaco 176,05600 176,056
Private donors in the United States of America 49,99500 49,995
UN Trust Fund for Human Security 7,81700 7,817
Morocco subtotal 1,929,92100 1,929,921
Tunisia
Austria 002,447,980 2,447,980
European Union 2,140,78900 2,140,789
Italy 446,42700 446,427
Japan 150,00000 150,000
Monaco 109,17000 109,170
Netherlands 854,90900 854,909
WFP 7,25400 7,254
Tunisia subtotal 3,708,55002,447,980 6,156,530
Total 43,112,4782,260,89320,378,819 65,752,189
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 31-MAR-2021
    Switzerland

    private donors

    $130,294
  • Spain

    private donors

    $9,357,342
  • 30-MAR-2021
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $336,225
  • France
    $1,151,802
  • Greece

    private donors

    $134,128
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $8,056,152
  • Mexico

    private donors

    $88,907
  • Canada
    $6,592,534
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $206,744
  • Thailand

    private donors

    $501,976
  • China

    private donors

    $791,368
  • Canada

    private donors

    $524,313
  • Netherlands

    private donors

    $343,918
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $194,187
  • Brazil

    private donors

    $288,953
  • Italy

    private donors

    $1,756,315
  • 26-MAR-2021
    Spain
    $101,555
  • 25-MAR-2021
    Canada
    $32,009,530
  • 24-MAR-2021
    Philippines
    $100,000
  • 23-MAR-2021
    United Arab Emirates

    private donors

    $110,708