North Africa

Operational information on the North Africa subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries and territories:
 

| Algeria | Egypt | Libya | Mauritania | Morocco | Tunisia | Western Sahara

Subregion: North Africa

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

 


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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion North Africa

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2019 {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"budget":[173.67452757,229.340676434,238.25856056,272.96977094,289.55610181000003,292.11574921],"expenditure":[97.53519033,126.88229088,127.67430111,139.80670160999998,null,null]} {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"p1":[168.62986455,215.19540843399997,227.59999556,246.00094081999998,262.81576903,265.37541641999997],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[5.04466302,14.145268,10.658565,26.96883012,26.740332780000003,26.74033279]} {"categories":[2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021],"p1":[95.21022718,115.9172437,117.66395005,132.72343233,null,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[2.32496315,10.96504718,10.01035106,7.083269280000001,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2021 [projected]

[["Refugees",433350],["Asylum-seekers",121823],["IDPs",1000000],["Returned IDPs",450000]]
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Operational environment

The region of North Africa continued to be one of both transit and destination for refugees and migrants in 2020, with this trend likely to continue in 2021. While the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated mobility restrictions and border closures temporarily interrupted and slowed down mixed flows, these persisted across the sub-region with often dangerous journeys taken across the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic. When compared to the same periods in 2019, more departures were observed from the sub-region alongside an increase in disembarkations, particularly in Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia in 2020. Due to the pandemic, the vulnerabilities of people of concern involved in these mixed movements were heightened.
 
In 2021, mixed population movements are expected to continue along the Western and Central Mediterranean routes, but also the Atlantic, reinforcing the need to explore innovative approaches that address the root causes of these movements and provide support and solutions.
 
Despite progress achieved by peace initiatives in Libya, further displacement and acute humanitarian needs are expected in 2021, as insecurity and socioeconomic hardships continue to affect civilians and people of concern. In 2021, UNHCR will maintain its efforts to protect the forcibly displaced in Libya, including IDPs and returnees, and will enhance its response to the needs of vulnerable asylum-seekers and refugees, particularly in urban areas where the vast majority of refugees reside.
 
While the Sahel region continues to face a severe humanitarian and protection crisis, a decline of Malians arriving in Mauritania was observed following the onset of the pandemic. Nevertheless, the protracted camp situation in Mbera camp will require ongoing engagement with development actors and the Government of Mauritania to expand self-reliance opportunities and ensure inclusion of people of concern in national systems. Similarly, the protracted camp situation in Tindouf, Algeria for refugees from Western Sahara will require sustained donor interest and support, at a time where livelihoods have been further strained by the pandemic.  
 
In 2021, UNHCR’s response in North Africa will focus on preserving and strengthening the protection space across countries and along the displacement cycle to ensure people of concern can access protection and solutions. Coordination and advocacy with a wide range of actors will be increased. In addition, UNHCR will focus on protection monitoring, identification and prioritisation of persons at heightened risk, capacity-building and technical support to enhance case processing, communication with communities, resettlement and other solutions.

2021 Budget for North Africa | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Algeria 37,118,50000037,118,500
Egypt 117,518,805000117,518,805
Libya 63,828,0510026,740,33390,568,384
Mauritania 27,131,65800027,131,658
Morocco 8,000,0000008,000,000
Tunisia 7,778,4020007,778,402
Western Sahara (Confidence Building Measures) 4,000,0000004,000,000
Total 265,375,4160026,740,333292,115,749

2021 Voluntary Contributions to North Africa | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 4
IDP projects
All
pillars
Total
Algeria
Germany 001,100,110 1,100,110
Italy 335,56900 335,569
Norway 100,00100 100,001
Algeria subtotal 435,57001,100,110 1,535,680
Egypt Regional Office
European Union 5,312,30800 5,312,308
Italy 1,227,67900 1,227,679
Netherlands 298,90500 298,905
Private donors in Saudi Arabia 31,95000 31,950
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 00101,588 101,588
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 481,98500 481,985
Egypt Regional Office subtotal 7,352,8270101,588 7,454,415
Libya
European Union 15,897,98100 15,897,981
Germany 002,222,222 2,222,222
Italy 2,037,8811,049,1350 3,087,016
Netherlands 1,141,1821,211,7580 2,352,940
Libya subtotal 19,077,0442,260,8932,222,222 23,560,159
Mauritania
African Development Bank 1,448,46700 1,448,467
Germany 1,659,18800 1,659,188
Italy 334,82100 334,821
Monaco 111,48300 111,483
UN Peacebuilding Fund 700,00000 700,000
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 24,70300 24,703
Mauritania subtotal 4,278,66100 4,278,661
Morocco
European Union 874,05000 874,050
Italy 362,72300 362,723
Monaco 176,05600 176,056
UN Trust Fund for Human Security 7,81700 7,817
Morocco subtotal 1,420,64700 1,420,647
Tunisia
European Union 2,140,78900 2,140,789
Italy 446,42700 446,427
Monaco 109,17000 109,170
Netherlands 854,90900 854,909
Tunisia subtotal 3,551,29600 3,551,296
Total 36,116,0452,260,8933,423,920 41,800,858
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 31-DEC-2020
    Canada

    private donors

    $375,385
  • Kenya

    private donors

    $57,742
  • Switzerland

    private donors

    $256,072
  • Spain
    $389,372
  • Greece

    private donors

    $50,315
  • Philippines
    $100,000
  • Italy

    private donors

    $63,281
  • Spain

    private donors

    $13,190,185
  • 30-DEC-2020
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $303,038
  • Greece

    private donors

    $107,219
  • Netherlands

    private donors

    $431,558
  • Sweden

    private donors

    $4,401,924
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $968,523
  • Mexico

    private donors

    $86,167
  • Thailand

    private donors

    $529,395
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $201,488
  • France

    private donors

    $338,279
  • United Arab Emirates

    private donors

    $127,170
  • Singapore

    private donors

    $53,894
  • China

    private donors

    $907,847