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|2019 year-end results|
|6,500||returnees (56% of whom were children) benefited from cash assistance to facilitate their reintegration, by reducing vulnerability|
|1,900||protection incidents were recorded through protection monitoring, leading to more than 100 urgent referrals to response actors, including the Civil-Military Coordination (CMCOORD), Mali Rapid Response Mechanism actors, actors able to conduct rapid protection assessments, and the MINUSMA Human Rights section|
|1,100||registered refugee children benefited from access to education for the 2019-2020 school year. Financial assistance was provided to some 600 families to support enrolment|
|2020 planning figures|
|100%||of returnees’ reintegration is made more sustainable|
|100%||of people of concern will be registered on an individual basis|
|100%||of targeted households will have basic needs met with multi-purpose cash grants or vouchers|
|100%||of refugees living in Mali with intention to return will return voluntarily|
|100%||of identified people of concern in need of resettlement will be submitted for resettlement|
People of Concern
Some 21,000 Malian refugees returned spontaneously to northern Mali in 2014. Community-based reintegration projects were implemented by UNHCR in 16 priority areas of return to foster peaceful co-existence. Despite the complex security environment, UNHCR rehabilitated 25 classrooms equipped with toilets and water taps; built 26 wells; rehabilitated over 1,240 houses; provided over 560 transitional shelters to vulnerable households; distributed 360 tents; supported 13 health centres with essential drugs; and provided emergency assistance to almost 11,000 vulnerable households. To further build the resilience of vulnerable returnee households, 33 associations received support to launch income generating activities; 165 returnee households received cash assistance; and 200 vulnerable women benefitted from agricultural projects in Gao Region and Timbuktu Region. Despite these positive developments, funding shortfalls continued to affect the support that could be provided to returnees: grants for housing rehabilitation were needed for some 4,800 vulnerable returnee households, while protection monitoring was provided in just 35 per cent of returnee areas.
More generally, the absence of a peace agreement in Mali continued to hamper the safe return of refugees. Political progress was jeopardized by heavy fighting in Kidal in May 2014. Violence and armed attacks increased throughout 2014, leading to the departure of the State authorities in some areas of return. In May 2014, a vehicle affected to a UNHCR implementing partner was destroyed by an improvised device near Timbuktu, resulting in the death of two national staff. A roadmap was established as part of peace talks in Algiers in November 2014 between the Government and armed groups.
In 2014 UNHCR also continued efforts to ensure the protection of refugees in Mali. A total of 1,586 officers from the Malian armed forces were trained in refugee law and humanitarian law, and on the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention). Seventy-two survivors of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) were supported and 4,680 birth certificates were delivered to Mauritanian refugees in Kayes Region.
UNHCR also continued to lead the protection cluster, along with the Government and with the active participation of the UN Multi-dimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), UN and international agencies and some 40 non-governmental organizations, to ensure the centrality of protection when delivering humanitarian assistance. Fifty-four local committees were established in northern Mali to ensure local community participation. Overall, some 800,000 people benefitted from protection cluster projects implemented during 2014.