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|2019 year-end results|
|100,337||refugees received cash-based assistance for protection, education and relocation from camps|
|10,558||people of concern departed for resettlement, while 17,552 submissions for resettlement were made to 18 countries|
|5,123||refugees and 8,740 members of their host communities, including service providers, reached through a joint UNHCR-DGMM harmonization initiative involving 48 events in 31 provinces|
|2020 planning figures|
|225,000||people of concern will be assessed for vulnerability|
|99,580||people with specific needs will receive cash grants|
|65,000||people of concern will be enrolled in language classes|
|18,500||people will be provided with legal assistance|
|2,430||people of concern will be enrolled in UNHCR-supported tertiary education programmes|
People of Concern
Turkey continues to host the largest number of refugees worldwide, with close to 4.1 million refugees, including 3.7 million Syrians and nearly 400,000 asylum-seekers and refugees of other nationalities. Turkish legislation provides people in need of international protection with a broad range of rights upon registration with the authorities. Some protection gaps are nonetheless observed in the implementation of the legal framework, largely due to the scale of the refugee response.
The main challenges remain the pressure on national resources and the availability of services for refugees and host communities. While state institutions are addressing these challenges, the protracted nature of the refugee situation has drawn public attention to the social impact of the refugees’ presence.
Turkey needs significant support from the international community and development partners to successfully include refugees and asylum-seekers in its national structures and programmes.
UNHCR will continue to support Turkey’s refugee response on the basis of the legal and institutional framework for international and temporary protection, and it will focus on five main operational priorities.
The Office will support Turkey as it implements its asylum framework. It will advocate access and admission to national asylum procedures for people in need of international protection. To support continuous registration and international protection procedures for people of concern in Turkey, UNHCR will continue to prioritize cooperation with the Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM).
Key prioritiesUNHCR will strengthen protection for refugees with specific needs and their access to quality services. UNHCR will focus on child protection; the prevention of, and response to, sexual and gender-based violence; and access to quality social services for people with specific needs. The Office will expand its cooperation with the Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Services, DGMM and civil society partners to boost the identification, referral and response to refugees with specific needs.
UNHCR will support national and local administrations to strengthen social cohesion between refugee and host communities, including by providing Turkish language training to adults.
In its work towards durable solutions, UNHCR will focus on higher education – providing scholarships, and academic Turkish language classes to people of concern. With self-reliance being a precursor to any durable solution, UNHCR will play a catalytic role in engaging development partners, international financial institutions and the private sector to expand livelihood opportunities for refugees. It will continue to advocate resettlement and safe pathways for both Syrians and refugees of other nationalities, and it will undertake resettlement processing. UNHCR will also increase its presence in voluntary repatriation interviews, continue to monitor trends and update the preparedness plan for return in cooperation with DGMM.
While the government leads the refugee response, UNHCR will support its efforts as co-leader of the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP), including by guiding the coordination efforts of humanitarian and development partners. Efforts will be made to further align the coordination and planning frameworks, including the 3RP and the UN Development Cooperation Strategy, with the objectives of the Global Compact on Refugees.