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|2021 planning fugures|
|10,000||households will receive cash assistance|
|8,000||individuals will access legal services, including on refugee status determination and migratory alternative stay permits|
|3,000||families will receive orientation towards employment, entrepreneurship training, seed money and financial literacy|
|800||survivors of gender-based violence and 350 unaccompanied and separated children will receive integral support, including access to safe spaces, psychological support, legal orientation, specialized shelter and social work follow up|
|100%||of asylum-seekers will be registered by the Government in proGres v4|
|2019 year-end figures|
|66,000||individuals (close to 22,000 households) received non-food items and hygiene kits|
|34,200||people received temporary emergency shelter assistance|
|8,900||people of concern received legal assistance from the national Public Defender and Ombudsperson offices, with the support of UNHCR|
|8,700||Venezuelan and 1,800 Colombian families received cash and voucher transfers to meet their essential needs|
|7,400||national identity documents were issued to recognized refugees|
|1,400||children-at-risk (including over 400 unaccompanied and separated children) were identified by UNHCR and referred to specific services|
|1,200||survivors of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) were identified and referred to support services and nearly 5,500 people of concerned were sensitized to SGBV|
People of Concern
Operational environmentBy the end of 2020 Ecuador was hosting some 418,000 Venezuelan refugees and migrants. As a result of COVID-19-related border restrictions, irregular entries have increased, a trend that is expected to continue even when borders re-open. Return movements to Venezuela may continue in 2021, but on a very low scale as seen in 2020.
Arrivals of Colombians in seek of asylum will continue with numbers likely to surpass 6,000 given the deteriorating human rights situation in Colombia, particularly in areas bordering Ecuador.
In 2021, the pandemic-induced economic downturn is expected to continue in Ecuador, which will adversely affect refugees and migrants. Livelihoods will be affected and competition with host communities for informal and low-skilled jobs will increase. This may trigger more xenophobia and create further obstacles to integration.
UNHCR will continue to support livelihoods opportunities for both refugees and host communities, in conjunction with national and local authorities and the private sector. The Office will also work to strengthen community-based interventions to promote peaceful coexistence.
Though the first half on 2021 will be dominated by the economic downturn caused by the pandemic and the expected Government change as a result of the scheduled presidential elections in February, , human mobility will still attract public attention. UNHCR will strengthen its advocacy for access to territory and asylum, as well as support to the asylum system and alternative migration options.
UNHCR, together with partners, will continue to support the Government to extend its social protection services to refugees and migrants most in need.
In 2021, UNHCR, together with IOM, will ensure leadership of the inter-agency response to the Venezuela situation, in close coordination with the authorities, bringing together UN agencies and NGOs to coordinate, respond and inform through the Working Group on Refugees and Migrants composed of 44 members.
Key prioritiesIn 2021, UNHCR will focus on:
- Monitoring arrivals to identify individuals in need of international protection and respond to their needs.
- Providing emergency assistance to vulnerable population of concern.
- Supporting the Government to ensure fair and efficient asylum procedures through the implementation of Quality Assurance Initiative.
- Engaging with local and displaced population, particularly children, women, the elderly or LGBTIQ+ people of concern, to facilitate access to specialized services and to foster peaceful coexistence.
- Working with national and local authorities, UN agencies, civil society organizations, host communities and the private sector to promote and support social and economic inclusion.