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|2021 planning figures|
|64,000||IDPs and 25,000 refugee households will receive core relief items or the equivalent value in cash grants|
|50,000||refugees will receive shelter assistance|
|500||Sudanese refugee returnees will be provided with safe and dignified cash transfers|
|85%||refugees will receive specialized protection assistance|
|75%||refugee children with specific needs will receive assistance|
|2019 year-end results|
|85%||of people of concern had access to health services.|
|65%||of refugee children were enrolled in primary education.|
|431,800||refugees and asylum-seekers were registered on an individual basis (out of a target of 1,025,400).|
|20,000||refugees and asylum-seekers with specific needs received specialized support (out of a target of 74,050).|
People of Concern
Working environmentThe operational environment in Sudan is a complex mix of populations of concern, including asylum-seekers, refugees, IDPs, Sudanese refugee returnees and IDP returnees. Furthermore, Sudan is a source, transit and destination country for mixed movements in the continent and beyond.
Despite the recent positive developments in the establishment of a transitional government, it is expected that Sudan will continue to face severe macro-economic and political challenges. Overall, the situation remains fluid and humanitarian needs will further increase as underlying challenges are not expected to change in the immediate future.
UNHCR will work closely with the Government on safe and dignified voluntary return to Sudan, including related peacebuilding initiatives, and to ensure that the refugee protection space is maintained for those hosted in Sudan. The Sudanese Commissioner for Refugees will continue to be UNHCR’s government counterpart on protection, registration, camp management and overall coordination, while UNHCR will also continue strengthening coordination with line ministries, including the Ministries of Education, Health and Social Affairs. UNHCR will continue to work on IDP protection within the inter-agency agency framework.
Although Sudan has not yet formally committed to the CRRF, it is hosting a very large out-of-camp refugee population and has integrated refugees in the national education plan. UNHCR will continue to work closely with the Government of Sudan towards the implementation of CRRF.
In terms of inter-agency coordination and partnerships, UNHCR co-chairs with its government counterpart the monthly Refugee Consultation Forum (RCF), attended by all UN and NGO partners. Under the IDP response, UNHCR will continue to chair the protection and shelter/NFIs sector groups within the Humanitarian Country Team framework. Furthermore, UNHCR works in the framework of the Regional Refugee Response Plan for the South Sudan situation.
Key prioritiesIn 2020, UNHCR will focus on:
- Refugee and IDP protection, with a focus on refugee registration using proGres V4, documentation, protection monitoring and interventions, child protection and SGBV, community-based protection, and scaling up sectoral and multipurpose cash-based interventions for refugees.
- Voluntary return and reintegration of Sudanese refugees and IDPs in safety and dignity, including peacebuilding and community support projects; durable solutions for refugees hosted in Sudan. Peacebuilding and community support projects. Provision of safe and dignified returnee transportation and accommodation and provision of cash grants to 36,000 Sudanese refugee returnees, conditions permitting. Voluntary repatriation of 2,250 refugees hosted by Sudan to neighbouring countries.
- Continuing to foster partnerships and coordination with authorities to address mixed movements.
- Transitioning from emergency response to longer term interventions, including integration with national service systems in the spirit of the CRRF, and interim solutions for populations in Khartoum Open Areas.
- Emergency preparedness for refugee influxes, IDP displacement and sudden onset emergencies (floods, Cholera) through enhanced protection capacity, pre-positioning, and the management of the Common NFI Pipeline of the Humanitarian Country Team.