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|2021 planning figures|
|64,000||IDPs and 25,000 refugee households will receive core relief items or the equivalent value in cash grants|
|50,000||refugees will receive shelter assistance|
|500||Sudanese refugee returnees will be provided with safe and dignified cash transfers|
|85%||refugees will receive specialized protection assistance|
|75%||refugee children with specific needs will receive assistance|
|2019 year-end results|
|85%||of people of concern had access to health services.|
|65%||of refugee children were enrolled in primary education.|
|431,800||refugees and asylum-seekers were registered on an individual basis (out of a target of 1,025,400).|
|20,000||refugees and asylum-seekers with specific needs received specialized support (out of a target of 74,050).|
People of Concern
Operational environmentThe humanitarian, political and security situation in Sudan continues to remain fluid. As such, Sudan will likely face many of the same challenges–possibly on a larger scale–in 2021.
By the end of 2021, Sudan is expected to host 1,067,597 refugees, of which 762,704 (71%) of South Sudanese origin. A further 20,000 refugee returnees to Darfur are anticipated throughout 2021. An additional 2,552,174 IDPs are also anticipated (as per the 2021 Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview) with 624,349 IDP returnees expected in Darfur and 79,247 across other States.
Crippling economic instability persisted for much of 2020 and will likely continue into the next year. Despite the signing of the Juba Peace Agreement between Sudan’s Transitional Government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front and others, the milestone accord remains fragile. Sudanese authorities have begun deploying a 12,000-strong Civilian Protection Force to Darfur, in line with the highly anticipated peace deal signed in October 2020 and the UN/African Union Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) drawdown in December 2020.
Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic presented new challenges and widened existing gaps in the humanitarian response. At the height of the pandemic, UNHCR initiated a COVID-19 preparedness and response plan and scaled up efforts to keep refugees and IDPs safe. Although the Government of Sudan has since eased lockdown measures, spikes in positive COVID-19 cases continue to be recorded. As such, the scope and pace of the delivery of humanitarian and development programmes may be affected in 2021.
The influx of refugees from Ethiopia’s Tigray Region to East Sudan that started in November 2020 shows no signs of abating. As of 8 December, close to 50,000 new arrivals were recorded since the start of the conflict. Despite the high rate of new arrivals, the Government of Sudan has kept its borders open. However, the needs are great and additional support is required. UNHCR launched an inter-agency funding appeal, requesting US $147 million to help the Government of Sudan manage the crisis.
The Commissioner for Refugees will continue to be UNHCR’s Government counterpart on protection, registration, camp management and overall coordination. UNHCR will continue strengthening coordination with line ministries. In addition, UNHCR will continue working on IDP protection within the inter-agency agency framework.
Key prioritiesUNHCR’s main operational priorities in Sudan in 2021 include:
- Refugee and IDP protection, with a focus on refugee registration, documentation, protection monitoring and interventions, child protection and prevention and response to gender-based violence, community-based protection and scaling up cash assistance.
- Reintegration of Sudanese refugees and IDPs, including peacebuilding and community support projects, as well as durable solutions for refugees in Sudan.
- Emergency preparedness for refugee influxes, internal displacement and sudden-onset emergencies through enhanced protection capacity, and the pre-positioning, and management of the Common Non-food item Pipeline.
- Registration: Verification in proGres v4 of refugees and asylum-seekers and the enrolment of refugees and asylum-seekers not yet biometrically registered.
- Voluntary return: Peacebuilding and community support projects, provision of safe and dignified returnee transportation and accommodation and provision of cash grants to 500 Sudanese refugee returnees.
- Access to basic needs and domestic items: provision of core relief items (or the equivalent value in cash grants) to 89,000 households (64,000 IDPs and 25,000 refugees), as well as the provision of multi-purpose cash grants to 43,000 refugee households.