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|2020 year-end results|
|90,959||refugees were enrolled into school from preschool to the secondary level. 131 DAFI scholarships were renewed and 557 UNHCR Mixed Movements fellowships were renewed for 472 refugees and 85 Chadians|
|43,625||birth certificates in 2020, above a target of 35,000 certificates|
|5,384||shelters provided to 24,228 beneficiaries|
|1,242||survivors of gender-based violence provided with the adequate medical, psychological and legal assistance|
|100%||All refugees and surrounding host population provided with access to primary, secondary and tertiary health care in all camp-based health centres and several public referral hospitals|
|2021 planning figures|
|924,000||people of concern will be assisted with a combination of personal protective equipment, mental health support, and targeted interventions in education, protection, livelihoods and community mobilization focused on risk communication|
|12,000||people of concern will receive antiretroviral therapy treatment for HIV and AIDS|
|8,000||UNHCR and partner personnel, as well as people of concern including refugee leaders, will receive training on preventing fraud and corruption|
|3,000||refugee children will be enrolled into primary school, with UNHCR monitoring to ensure retention|
|2,000||people of concern will receive durable shelters in refugee and IDP camps or sites|
People of Concern
Working environmentThe security environment in the Lake Chad region, official closure of the borders and falling oil prices, all contributing to the current economic crisis, led Chad to take drastic measures that resulted in countrywide strikes, which further strained UNHCR’s ability to effectively deliver basic services in some remote areas. In addition to refugees and asylum-seekers, there are more than 124,000 IDPs and returnees in the Lake Region.
UNHCR continued its advocacy efforts with the Chadian authorities to pass the national asylum law.
Durable solution prospects are limited. Camp infrastructures, rehabilitation needs and limited access to existing basic services in host villages remained a challenge to the alternative to camp approach.
- In 2016, Chad hosted some 393,200 refugees and asylum-seekers, representing a population growth of 5.9 per cent from 2015.
- 99 per cent of people of concern live in camps and host villages; and only 1 per cent in urban areas.
Achievements and impact
- UNHCR continued to provide basic assistance and protection to people of concern as well as life-saving emergency response to the new influx of Central African refugees in June. Emergency response included registration, health and nutritional screenings, provision of core-relief items and the construction of WASH infrastructures in host villages.
- Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) reporting mechanisms have been strengthened. Efforts to monitor, combat and raise awareness against female genital mutilation (FGM) were improved, resulting in a significant reduction in reported incidents (1.2 per cent of all SGBV reported incidents) as compared to 2015.
- The enrolment of refugee girls in basic education increased with boys and girls now each representing 50 per cent of total number of students.
- Over 58,000 people of concern to UNHCR took part in livelihood programs.
- Out of a total of some 21,300 returnees, 17,200 in need received birth certificates.
- Chronic malnutrition rates remained above the standard threshold in all 19 camps and above the emergency threshold in 14 camps.
- Refugees continue to suffer the negative consequences of continuing WFP food ration cuts with some 63,500 CAR refugees being impacted by further cuts in 2016.
- In eastern Chad, water supply was as low as 12 litres per person per day and over 70 per cent of households do not have family latrines; only 16 per cent latrine coverage in Dar Es Salaam camp.
- Primary net enrolment rate was only 45 per cent. Only 30 per cent of teachers are qualified and class size exceeds 100 students in some camps.
The protection environment in Chad is fragile. Insecurity in neighbouring States often affects the country’s ability to provide safety for people in need of international protection. The protracted refugee situation in Chad continues to put pressure on local communities. The prospects for repatriation are limited for Central African, Nigerian and Sudanese refugees, and resettlement opportunities are finite.
In keeping with UNHCR’s policy on alternatives to camps, the overall goal of the Office is to enable people of concern to pursue normal lives and reduce their dependency on aid. In the meantime, refugees are able to access public education and health services. The focus in 2016 will be on: supporting self-reliance and livelihood opportunities; assuring refugees’ freedom of movement and stay within Chad; and strengthening the capacity of public education and health services and infrastructure.
The critical areas of 2016 financial requirements are: livelihoods/self-reliance support; child protection, education and awareness and prevention of SGBV; issuance of birth certificates; and health and nutrition. For the past two years, the food basket distributed to refugees has covered less than 60 per cent of the standard nutritional intake. This situation will be at risk of further deterioration unless financial resources are made available to pursue complementary alternatives to food aid, consistent with UNHCR’s self-reliance objectives.