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|2019 year-end results|
|900,000||individuals received direct cash transfers with a total value of over $156 million|
|260,000||refugee and Lebanese families benefitted from winter assistance|
|181,400||vulnerable refugees benefitted from improved living conditions through shelter interventions|
|131,400||people accessed community centres, mostly for information desks, awareness sessions and skills trainings|
|65,400||hospital referrals were made for lifesaving and obstetric interventions (60% of which were deliveries)|
|32,800||refugee families received monthly multipurpose cash grants|
|2020 planning figures|
|100,800||of the most economically vulnerable Syrian refugee families and 2,900 refugee and asylum-seeker families of other nationalities gain multi-purpose cash assistance|
|100,000||Syrian refugees and 1,000 refugees and asylum-seekers of other nationalities access subsidized secondary and tertiary medical care|
|53,000||Syrian refugees and 1,100 refugees and asylum-seekers of other nationalities benefit from civil status registration or documentation|
|44,000||Syrian refugees and 3,000 refugees and asylum-seekers of other nationalities receive counselling and legal aid on legal residency procedures and other protection issues|
|8,000||Syrian refugees and 900 refugees of other nationalities are submitted for resettlement|
People of Concern
Working environmentLebanon hosts the largest number of Syrian refugees per capita, with a Government estimate of 1.5 million Syrian refugees. It also hosts an additional 18,500 refugees from Ethiopia, Iraq, Sudan and other countries, as well as more than 200,000 Palestinian refugees under UNRWA’s mandate. The presence of such a large refugee population, in a small country struggling to maintain its own delicate demographic balance and regain its pre-crisis economic growth, is increasingly affecting the protection space and influencing calls for, and measures geared towards, a speedier return of the refugees to Syria. There is pressure on infrastructure, services and the environment, as well as competition for jobs. This is testing the patience and hospitality of host communities, in which refugees live dispersed, and negatively affecting inter-community relations and social stability.
The Lebanon Crisis Response Plan 2017-2020 (LCRP) seeks to provide a framework for an integrated humanitarian-development response in which the needs of the refugees are – to the extent possible, based on national laws and policies – met by strengthening the capacity of national institutions and organizations to deliver services. The aim is to mitigate the impact of the refugees’ presence by supporting host communities and vulnerable Lebanese. At the same time, a robust, complementary humanitarian safety net of services and assistance needs to be maintained in view of the Government’s policy against integration and the consequent limitations on refugees’ ability to work and be fully included in national programmes. There are also limitations on humanitarians’ ability to support sustainable interventions in, for example, the shelter sector. UNHCR coordinates the LCRP alongside the Ministry of Social Affairs and UNDP, maintaining leadership on the refugee component.
In this environment, refugees are facing increasing protection risks, with a lack of legal residency leading to the risk of arrest, deportation and eviction, sexual and gender-based violence and child abuse on the rise. Needs in basic assistance, as well as health, shelter and WASH, are also increasing. Refugees’ humanitarian needs and vulnerabilities will remain high due to cumulative factors in this protracted situation, where they are still largely dependent on humanitarian assistance to meet their basic needs and stay resilient against exploitation and other risks.
Key prioritiesIn 2020, UNHCR will focus on:
- Ensuring access to protection, temporary legal stay and birth and civil status documentation for refugees, and their protection from refoulement.
- Preserving the dignity and well-being of refugees in Lebanon, with priority given to refugees with specific needs and vulnerabilities.
- Preserving the hospitality of Lebanese host communities and overall social stability.
- Facilitating refugees’ attainment of durable solutions in the form of resettlement or complementary pathways to third countries, or their voluntary repatriation in safety and dignity.