North America and the Caribbean

Subregion: North America and the Caribbean

{"longitude":-94.6641,"latitude":35.4607,"zoom_level":4,"iso_codes":"'ABW','AIA','ATG','BES','BHS','BMU','BRB','CAN','CUW','CYM','DMA','DOM','GRD','GUY','HTI','JAM','KNA','LCA','MSR','PRI','SUR','SXM','TCA','TTO','USA','VCT','VGB'"}

By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

 


CHOOSE A YEAR
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019
  • 2020
  • 2021

Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion North America and the Caribbean

< Back
2020 {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"budget":[21.983955901999998,23.82731682,29.789310886,33.78037507,37.26419722,48.91014699],"expenditure":[9.16138218,12.394852740000001,15.500947779999999,19.30545961,23.72044667,23.98586586]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[12.952736702,15.065033119999999,17.62975618,25.81475735,28.849187559999997,42.57664739],"p2":[9.031219199999999,8.7622837,12.159554706,7.96561772,8.41500966,6.3334996],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[6.22442657,8.803425820000001,9.2951546,14.59597893,20.04832464,20.97468168],"p2":[2.93695561,3.59142692,6.20579318,4.7094806799999995,3.6721220299999997,3.0111841800000003],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]}
Loading ...

People of Concern - 2020

[["Refugees",453804],["Asylum-seekers",1106337],["Stateless",3790],["Others of concern",406],["Venezuelans displaced abroad",176105]]
Loading ...

Response in 2020

Refugees and migrants from the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela fled at a sustained pace, and around 196,000 were displaced in the Caribbean by the end of 2020.

Access to protection and needs for refugees and migrants became increasingly precarious in the Caribbean as the pandemic-induced economic downturn severely limited opportunities for people of concern to earn a living from tourism. Faced with heightened food insecurity, abject poverty, and exclusion from national social programs more and more people required cash assistance and long-term solutions. Difficulties in accessing essential services, including health care, education, shelter, and livelihoods, drastically worsened.

In the United States of America, more restrictive migration policies were introduced which led to further reductions in access to territory and asylum impacting the wellbeing and rights of people of concern to UNHCR. The policies led to further reductions in refugee admissions, as the U.S. resettlement program was significantly impacted with  only 18,000 people being resettled to the United States in 2020. The backlog of asylum claims in the United States also exceeded 1 million people during the year.

Since the beginning of 2020, asylum-seekers and other people with mixed movements arrived at and crossed the southern border of the United States of the America in very high numbers, although pandemic-related border closures as of March 2020 saw the numbers fall significantly. About 547,677 people intercepted at the southern border were returned to Mexico due to the U.S. border restrictions. Considering 2019 as a year of record arrival rates over the last decade, in 2020 arrivals decreased by 41%.

Because of the pandemic, the proportion of people in need of humanitarian assistance sharply increased.  In the Caribbean, assistance mainly targeted to the most vulnerable people of concern to UNHCR, and helped over 14,000 individuals with cash, food or core relief items. In contribution to the national health responses, UNHCR donated refugee housing units to enlarge health or quarantine areas. Legal assistance remained of essential support to access rights.

Additional funding was required for scaling up livelihoods’ programmes and to strengthen the response to gender-based violence in the Caribbean.
 
CANADA
Linked to pandemic related public health restrictions, 23,880 asylum claims were lodged in Canada, a decrease of 63% compared to 2019. The number of irregular arrivals also dropped by 80% (3,302 claims).

For the second year in a row, Canada was the largest resettlement country with an overall target of 31,700 spaces, including both UNHCR and private sponsorship. Because of travel restrictions in 2020, less than one third of this target was met. Canada committed to increase its resettlement target over the next three years to 36,000 annually. Also, the country committed to admit 500 refugees along with their dependents through economic immigration programmes over the next two years.

With UNHCR, Canada completed joint projects to strengthen the asylum system in Panama and Belize. Through the Regional Asylum Capacity-Building Initiative, Canada also provided support for the Mexican asylum system.
 
Refugees and migrants continue to leave Venezuela and arrive in the Caribbean with increasing protection and emergency assistance needs. Venezuelans are seeking international protection, fleeing repression and/or looking for ways to re-establish their lives abroad, as the economic and political crisis deepens, and shortages of essential goods and services continue inside Venezuela. The increased number of Venezuelans arriving in the Caribbean requires capacity-building and emergency preparedness support to host governments, and ongoing protection and assistance delivery to people of concern - directly or through partners. With the expectation that by the end of 2020 some 157,000 Venezuelans with possible international protection needs will be staying in the Caribbean, UNHCR will further strengthen its operations in particular in the Southern part of the region.

In the United States of America, additional executive orders, regulations, and policies limiting access to territory and to the asylum system were issued in 2018 and 2019. In 2020, increasing arrivals of asylum-seekers from the NCA and Venezuela are anticipated to continue, placing pressure on the Government’s and NGOs’ reception capacity. Despite a difficult protection environment, UNHCR expects to maintain positive relationships with key government counterparts, finding spaces of collaboration especially around building of regional asylum capacity. With regards to the situation at the border between the United states of America and Mexico, new opportunities for meaningful UNHCR cross-border engagement will continue to grow as UNHCR expands its operations and protection presence in Mexico.
 

2020 Budget and Expenditure in North America and the Caribbean | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Canada Budget
Expenditure
2,643,481
2,361,568
0
0
0
0
0
0
2,643,481
2,361,568
United States Multi-Country Office Budget
Expenditure
39,933,167
18,613,114
6,333,500
3,011,184
0
0
0
0
46,266,666
21,624,298
Total Budget
Expenditure
42,576,647
20,974,682
6,333,500
3,011,184
0
0
0
0
48,910,147
23,985,866

2020 Voluntary Contributions to North America and the Caribbean | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
All
pillars
Total
United States Multi-Country Office
European Union 937,76600 937,766
Guyana 0063,531 63,531
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 17,5134,6880 22,200
UNICEF 018,7791,221 20,000
United States of America 5,237,4500400,000 5,637,450
United States Multi-Country Office subtotal 6,192,72923,467464,752 6,680,948
Total 6,192,72923,467464,752 6,680,948
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 15-OCT-2021
    Australia

    private donors

    $1,079,137
  • Germany
    $1,272,213
  • 14-OCT-2021
    Germany
    $46,511,628
  • Qatar

    private donors

    $86,532
  • 12-OCT-2021
    Spain

    private donors

    $2,338,717
  • Ireland
    $1,162,790
  • Italy

    private donors

    $87,209
  • 09-OCT-2021
    Japan

    private donors

    $1,143,675
  • 08-OCT-2021
    Sweden
    $8,440,744
  • Japan

    private donors

    $254,658
  • 06-OCT-2021
    United States of America

    private donors

    $80,000
  • 05-OCT-2021
    Japan

    private donors

    $98,182
  • Germany
    $581,396
  • 04-OCT-2021
    Spain

    private donors

    $323,960
  • 01-OCT-2021
    Italy

    private donors

    $162,791
  • Germany
    $118,285
  • 30-SEP-2021
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $352,215
  • Switzerland

    private donors

    $160,947
  • Brazil

    private donors

    $219,915
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $231,187