A donor restriction that limits or directs the purpose for which a contribution may be used. UNHCR use the four earmarking modalities as defined in the Grand Bargain:
Contributions with no limitations or restrictions on the use of the funds.
Contributions earmarked towards a region (e.g. Asia and the Pacific), or subregion (e.g. South-West Asia), or for a specific situation (e.g. Somalia situation) or to a global theme (e.g. Education).
Contributions earmarked to a specific country.
Contributions earmarked to a country for a specific sector or project. All in-kind contributions and staff-related contributions, including Junior Professional Officers fall under this category.
Legal provisions that deny the benefits of international protection to people who would otherwise satisfy the criteria for refugee status. In the 1951 Convention, the exclusion clauses are found in Articles 1D, 1E and 1F. These clauses apply to the following categories:
• individuals who are receiving protection or assistance from United Nations agencies other than UNHCR;
• individuals who possess the rights and obligations attached to the possession of nationality of their country of residence;
• individuals in respect of whom there are serious reasons for considering that they have committed a crime against peace, a war crime, a crime against humanity, a serious non-political crime, or acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.TOP
Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme (ExCom)
The Committee charged with approving UNHCR’s assistance programmes, advising the High Commissioner on the exercise of his/her functions and overseeing the Office’s finances and administration. ExCom is composed of representatives of 101 States (2017) with a demonstrated interest in refugee issues.TOP