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|2018 year-end results|
|19,050||IDPs were provided with core relief items (NFI kits, tents and emergency shelters and pre-treated mosquito nets)|
|4,880||refugee children in Somaliland, Puntland, and the south central region states were enrolled in education|
|2,100||internally displaced women received sanitary materials|
|470||refugees participated in livelihood business skills trainings, receiving start-up kits and livelihood grants to help them establish small businesses|
|170||SGBV incidents were reported by refugees, with survivors receiving medical assistance|
|60||internally displaced households benefited from business start-up assistance while 360 people were supported with vocational trainings and cash grants|
|2019 planning figures|
|92,200||Somali returnees will receive return packages|
|18,740||returnee households will receive cash grants for shelter construction materials|
|6,100||registered refugee children targeted will be enrolled in primary schools|
|3,930||registered refugees and 4,100 returnees will receive cash grants for livelihood provisioning|
|2,350||reported incidents of SGBV among IDPs will receive material assistance support|
|32||peaceful co-existence projects will be implemented|
People of Concern
Operational contextThe protection and operational environment in Somalia remained complex and unpredictable due to ongoing instability, and related food insecurity, in many parts of the country. The political and social structure remained challenging while public infrastructure and services continued to be inadequate.
Despite the challenges on the ground, the “Somalia partnership forum” that took place in Brussels, in July, symbolised a milestone in the political progress for Somalia. The forum resulted in endorsed commitments by the Government of Somalia and neighbouring countries to strengthen cooperation; through joint investments, the establishment of diplomatic ties and the promotion of bilateral relations.
Population trendsAt the end of 2018, the number of registered refugees and asylum-seekers in Somalia stood at some 33,100– an increase of 10,000 from 2017. Refugees from Yemen represented the largest refugee population (approximately 74%), followed by Ethiopians (24%).
Some 10,800 refugees returned to Somalia in 2018; including some 7,500 returning from Kenya and 2,600 from Yemen. In total, close to 87,500 Somali refugees have received assistance to return home since 2014.
Somalia remained home to one of the world’s largest IDP’s populations, mostly due to conflict, fear of conflict or drought. The number of IDPs increased from 2.1 million at the end of 2017, to 2.65 million at the end of 2018. At least 1.1 million out of the total IDPs have remained in protracted situation, while the rest were displaced in recent years. Some 2.2 million IDPs live in settlements in urban and peri-urban areas.
- Some 2,380 IDP survivors of SGBV were provided with medical and psychosocial assistance through referral mechanisms.
- 440 IDPs received multipurpose livelihood cash vouchers. Through a vulnerability assessment, priority was given to female heads of households, survivors of SGBV and vulnerable women at risk of livelihood-related SGBV.
- In 2018, only 32% of UNHCR’s Somalia budget was funded, resulting in a gap of $75.8 million. This affected the Office’s ability to cover the basic needs and livelihoods of people of concern.
- Basic services and infrastructures remain almost inexistent in Somalia
- Due to funding constraints, access to tertiary education for refugee students graduating from secondary education remained challenging, undermining the investment efforts at lower levels of education.
The operational context in Somalia continues to be characterized by political and security instability, especially in southern and central Somalia, low economy, limited livelihood opportunities and environmental degradation coupled with severe droughts, which continue to drastically affect the lives of the entire Somalia population, including refugees and asylum-seekers, returnees and IDPs. The successful presidential elections held in February 2017 are seen as an opportunity for the country to embark on a new and more positive trajectory.
Despite complexity and challenges of the protection and operational environment, UNHCR will continue delivering its mandate through ensuring the provision of protection and assistance to refugees, asylum-seekers, returnees and IDPs. Depending on the security situation and absorption capacity in return areas, UNHCR will continue to provide return and reintegration assistance to Somali returnees from Kenya, Yemen and other host countries, and enhance reintegration projects benefiting both people of concern and host communities.
The Government of Somalia is expected to implement and remain committed to the National Development Plan, including the components relating to the reintegration of IDPs and refugee returnees. The Government has stated that the creation of investment, education and employment opportunities is essential for ensuring livelihoods and the political and security stabilization of the country, as well as the sustainable return and reintegration of refugees and IDPs. This includes implementation of the mechanisms addressing land and property issues at regional and local levels.
UNHCR will continue working with UN Agencies, state government institutions, regional administrations and NGO partners, and will further strengthen engagement with development actors and regional government institutions to advocate for increased longer-term development projects in key sectors such as infrastructure, education, housing, livelihood and employment and institution-building for sustainable return and reintegration of refugee returnees and IDPs.
In 2018, UNHCR will focus on:
- Providing life-saving protection and assistance including durable solutions initiatives for people of concern, through strengthening of the administrative institutions, regional legal and policy frameworks (where applicable), and practices relevant to refugee protection;
- Promoting the self-reliance and economic inclusion of refugees and asylum-seekers through focus on livelihoods and education initiatives whilst targeting new arrivals and the most vulnerable with financial assistance programmes;
- Ensuring sustainable return, continued monitoring of conditions in areas of return and regular updating and sharing of the country of origin information with relevant offices in the region. Upon return, UNHCR will continue providing individual and household level assistance.
- Continuing post-return monitoring and promoting community-based and peaceful coexistence initiatives, as well as reintegration programming at scale in collaboration with inter-agency and Government partners using an area-based approach based on analysis and assessments of the impact of returns on host communities and post-returns monitoring results;
- Implementation of area-based durable solutions initiatives in line with the National Development Plan and the CRRF as well as with the in-country Durable Solutions Initiative frameworks. This last framework will include increasing the protection environment through the adoption of national policy frameworks specific, in particular to IDPs.