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|2018 year-end results|
|19,050||IDPs were provided with core relief items (NFI kits, tents and emergency shelters and pre-treated mosquito nets)|
|4,880||refugee children in Somaliland, Puntland, and the south central region states were enrolled in education|
|2,100||internally displaced women received sanitary materials|
|470||refugees participated in livelihood business skills trainings, receiving start-up kits and livelihood grants to help them establish small businesses|
|170||SGBV incidents were reported by refugees, with survivors receiving medical assistance|
|60||internally displaced households benefited from business start-up assistance while 360 people were supported with vocational trainings and cash grants|
|2019 planning figures|
|92,200||Somali returnees will receive return packages|
|18,740||returnee households will receive cash grants for shelter construction materials|
|6,100||registered refugee children targeted will be enrolled in primary schools|
|3,930||registered refugees and 4,100 returnees will receive cash grants for livelihood provisioning|
|2,350||reported incidents of SGBV among IDPs will receive material assistance support|
|32||peaceful co-existence projects will be implemented|
People of Concern
Working environmentDespite improvements in the overall situation in Somalia, instability and security risks continue to affect UNHCR’s operation and limit access to people of concern. With the federal election planned for 2020 as well as the withdrawal of AMISOM troops, the political and security environment may also be impacted. Recurrent droughts will continue to challenge communities.
Amendments to various legal frameworks including the 1962 Citizenship Law, the IDP Policy, and the Refugee Act, could pose potential protection risks for people of concern in 2020.
Relations between the Federal Government of Somalia and the Federal Member States remain precarious, particularly in Jubaland State where recent parliamentary and presidential elections were undertaken without political consensus.
In 2020, UNHCR will provide protection and assistance to over 41,000 refugees and asylum-seekers mainly from Ethiopia and Yemen; some 108,000 Somali refugee returnees, including 17,000 people expected to return to Somalia in 2020; and some 400,000 IDPs.
The Government of Somalia will provide land for refugees hosted in the country as well as for identified vulnerable returnees for whom UNHCR will construct permanent shelters.
As lead of the Protection Cluster at national and regional levels, UNHCR will coordinate the protection response for IDPs. UNHCR will continue to support the Humanitarian Country Team’s Task Force on the Prevention of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse, as co-chair with IOM.
UNHCR also leads the NFI/Shelter Cluster and co-leads the CCCM Cluster thus ensuring coordination on shelter and camp management for IDPs.
To advance the principles of the Global Compact on Refugees, UNHCR will continue to advocate with government counterparts for the inclusion of refugees in the implementation of the national development plan and other government initiatives. UNHCR will also continue to enhance its partnership with the UN-Integrated Peacekeeping Mission (UNSOM/UNSOS).
Key prioritiesIn 2018, UNHCR will:
- Improve reception conditions for refugees and ensure individuals are registered in ProGres using the biometric identity management system;
- Strengthen prevention of and response to SGBV through the provision of medical, legal and psychosocial assistance to survivors via referrals with relevant service providers;
- Ensure that the basic needs of refugees are met through provision of shelter and domestic items and that they have access to basic services, such as education and health;
- Ensure Somali refugees opting to return back to Somalia are supported to do so in safety and dignity through provision of return packages;
- In line with the Nairobi Declaration, work with the Government and partners to facilitate sustainable reintegration of returnees through area-based protection, support with livelihoods and access to basic services;
- Contribute to the inter-agency response for IDPs by leading the protection, shelter, NFI and CCCM clusters;
- Advocate for the integration of the HCT’s Centrality of Protection Strategy in all humanitarian interventions, including via the Protection Cluster and other in-country Clusters.