Operation: Opération: Rwanda



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Key Figures

2019 planning figures
100% of primary school-aged children will be enrolled in primary education
100% of identified SGBV survivors will receive appropriate support
90% of children under 12 months old will be issued birth certificates by the relevant authorities
2,500 Rwandan refugees will receive return packages
0.4 The under-5 mortality rate will be maintained at or below 0.4
2017 year-end results
11,000 Rwandan returnees received cash grants
5,600 Congolese households in camps and 235 Burundian refugees received cash grants
5 health facilities were equipped, constructed or rehabilitated
100% of people of concern have access to primary health care
81% of primary school-aged Congolese refugee children, and  95% of Burundian refugee children were enrolled in primary education in camps

People of Concern Personnes relevant de la compétence du HCR

Increase in
2017 191,392
2016 164,080
2015 151,173


[["Refugees",162263],["Refugee-like situation",8727],["Asylum-seekers",445],["Returned refugees",18110],["Others of concern",1847]]
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2017 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[51.77383169,123.04000345,101.21378467,104.378181188,98.77603889,92.75124387],"expenditure":[19.3520492,39.48045656,44.64500707,42.13502654,null,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[49.14538088,122.417859367,95.18270004,96.813086748,95.47573026,90.10124411],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[2.62845081,0.622144083,6.03108463,7.56509444,3.30030863,2.64999976],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[18.31857805,38.96277319,43.36483925,38.24165204,null,null],"p2":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p3":[1.03347115,0.51768337,1.28016782,3.8933745,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]}
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  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019

Working environment

While Rwanda remains politically stable, the Great Lakes region continues to be characterised by security issues and a political volatility, leading to a potential influx of refugees and asylum-seekers to Rwanda. Rwanda hosts refugees from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and additionally is receiving thousands of returnees each year from other countries in the region. Rwanda has maintained its open borders and the majority of refugees are recognised on a prima facie basis. The Government also provides land, a scarce asset, to house refugees in six camps and reception and transit centres across the country. Efforts to integrate refugees into national social services are under way and advanced in some areas, such as education, whereas healthcare remains largely inaccessible. Refugees enjoy a legal access to the labour market, though efforts still need to be made to ensure this translates to reality.
UNHCR’s long-term vision aims that by 2030 all refugees, including potential new influx, will be living safe, dignified and productive lives across Rwanda outside of camps and supported by government-led services and programmes. This is aligned with the inclusive 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. UNHCR implemented a five-year multi-year, multi-partner (MYMP) strategy in 2018 to work towards this inclusion. In February 2018 the Government of Rwanda formally adopted the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework, further bolstering its commitment to include refugees in its development planning.

Key Priorities

The provision of protection and assistance to people of concern will remain UNHCR’s priority in 2019. Durable solutions will continue to be sought, where applicable in the form of resettlement and voluntary repatriation. In line with UNHCR’s long-term vision, the operation will also continue to pursue solutions by placing emphasis upon the integration of refugees into national systems using livelihoods and self-reliance strategies as a primary pathway to durable solutions. Socio-economic inclusion is the backbone of the pathway towards local integration as the most realistic durable solution for the majority of the refugee population.