Democratic Republic of the Congo
Operation: Democratic Republic of the Congo
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|2020 planning figures|
|100%||of primary school-aged children will be enrolled in primary education|
|100%||SGBV survivors (refugees) receive appropriate support.|
|319,720||people of concern will be registered on an individual basis|
|33,200||people of concern will receive shelter support|
|2018 year-end results|
|100%||of refugee children under 12 months old issued birth certificates by the authorities|
|80%||of Burundian refugee households live in adequate dwellings|
|75%||of South Sudanese refugees were registered on an individual basis|
|50%||of IDPs were reunited with family members with the assistance of UNHCR|
|76,000||Rwandan refugees were biometrically registered by the end of 2018, including some 35,420 who were registered during the year|
|8,880||refugee children from the CAR were enrolled in primary education|
People of Concern
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Working environmentPresidential elections took place in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) at the end of 2018 and a new government was formed in August 2019. DRC hosts some 538,000 refugees and asylum-seekers from Burundi, the Central African Republic (CAR), Rwanda and South Sudan. Furthermore, there are approximately 4 million IDPs and more than one million Congolese returnees. Since June 2019, a flare-up of generalized violence has led to new large-scale displacement in eastern DRC. Humanitarian response is challenged by limited physical access, insecurity and Ebola outbreak. The forced return of some 350,000 Congolese migrants from Angola in October 2018 has complicated the situation even further. The risk of statelessness remains high for certain populations, challenged by weak civil registration systems.
UNHCR is working closely with relevant governments on facilitated voluntary repatriation to various parts of DRC. Operations will commence in 2019 for refugees returning from Zambia, the Republic of Congo and Angola. Between 70,000 and 100,000 people will need support with the acquisition of national passports and visas.
Operational engagement by national and international development experts in a number of sectors serving multiple populations are expected to increase, in line with the CRRF. This includes work with UNDP in local governance support and access to justice; UNDP and UN Pol in community oriented policing and (together with other key MONUSCO sections, the ICRC and UNICEF) and civilian character of asylum; UNFPA and UNDP on SGBV prevention and response; UNICEF on education; UNFPA on the inclusion of statelessness in a planned national census, and with UNFPA, UNICEF and the World Bank Group on civil registration. UNHCR and UNDP are co-chairs of a humanitarian-development-peace nexus pilot in North Kivu focusing on areas where solutions including both local settlement of IDPs and the return of both IDPs and refugees could be possible going forward. UNHCR will pursue to broaden the donor base notably through private sector partnerships.
Key prioritiesIn 2020, UNHCR will focus on:
- Preserving equal and unhindered access to territorial asylum and international protection, while promoting the full enjoyment of rights, and the civilian character of asylum;
- Improving the protection and solutions environment through stronger links to developing national systems and services through development and government partners, including police and justice, health and education, land management and others necessary for community-based responses, self-reliance in all sectors, and progression towards the full enjoyment of all rights;
- Achieving minimum standards in the provision of multi-sectoral assistance to refugees and host communities with a view to anchoring the response in government systems, development plans, multiyear strategies, and regional protection frameworks and policies – paying particular attention to the needs of children and women;
- Promoting social cohesion and peaceful co-existence between refugees and host communities through the implementation of targeted self-reliance and resilience programmes and respect for the natural environment;
- Fostering economic self-reliance and durable solutions for refugees and host communities by expanding the use of cash assistance in the short term, reducing dependency on humanitarian aid, and promoting peace and development in line with national and provincial plans. Among other approaches, this will require a more formal approach to access to land, as well as collaboration with expert actors on improved market value chains.