Eastern Europe

Operational information on the Eastern Europe subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

| Armenia | Azerbaijan | Belarus | Georgia | Russian Federation | Turkey | Ukraine

Subregion: Eastern Europe

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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Eastern Europe

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2018 {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"budget":[270.95338247,373.29339842,420.086669828,423.24577262,429.650058418,491.51228885],"expenditure":[93.80871945,129.57658867,127.2709373,168.29172532,186.91989969,158.79881046]} {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"p1":[254.58595382,348.65309119,370.486506469,379.8935932,392.981355428,459.99920613],"p2":[3.29116795,3.22419003,2.750744475,2.21052703,2.11277392,2.29926579],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[13.0762607,21.4161172,46.849418884,41.14165239,34.55592907,29.21381693]} {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"p1":[87.06124285,114.93678843,98.15642826,144.86997663,166.23009045,139.45047665],"p2":[1.55514895,1.28411391,1.14276108,1.01061833,1.44116086,1.65779485],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[5.19232765,13.35568633,27.97174796,22.41113036,19.24864838,17.69053896]}
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People of Concern - 2018

[["Refugees",3770264],["Refugee-like situation",15182],["Asylum-seekers",320816],["IDPs",2402803],["Returned refugees",39],["Stateless",126921]]
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Operational environment

 
Eastern Europe continues to host a significant number of people of concern to UNHCR, including refugees, IDPs and stateless persons. UNHCR works to ensure that all people of concern receive protection, live in safety and dignity together with host communities, and progressively attain lasting solutions.
 
Some countries in Eastern Europe have made significant advances in recent years in terms of aligning national legislation and procedures on asylum and statelessness issues with international standards. UNHCR continues to support the efforts to strengthen the state systems. In order to further build fair and impartial asylum procedures in Eastern Europe, UNHCR is engaged in the quality assurance initiative in Eastern Europe and the Southern Caucasus, focusing on enhancing the quality of refugee status determination procedures and related processes. UNHCR also continues to support measures to prevent and reduce statelessness, as well as accession to the two Statelessness Conventions for the countries that have not yet become the parties.
 
Yet, integration opportunities for refugees remain limited, in part due to the difficult economic situation, the lack of integration support mechanisms and resources, as well as incidents of xenophobia.
 
The conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq, the Syrian Arab Republic and Ukraine continue to impact the subregion. UNHCR closely monitors the situation of internally displaced Ukrainians, as well as the more than 1.4 million Ukrainians seeking asylum or other forms of legal pathways in neighbouring countries and other countries in Europe.  
 
Unresolved conflicts in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia do not contribute to the resolution of displacement challenges. While the needs of the displaced are gradually being met, many people of concern are still in need of durable solutions. The re-escalation of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in April 2016 resulted in displacement of some 12,000 people, and has put contingency planning and preparedness as high priority for 2018.
 
In 2018, UNHCR’s work in Eastern Europe will focus on:
  • Strengthening national asylum systems to ensure that people of concern to UNHCR have access to protection;
  • Supporting access to durable solutions for refugees, primarily through local integration and, where appropriate, resettlement and voluntary repatriation;
  • Supporting government actions for and accountabilities to all people of concern, including IDPs;
  • Supporting peacebuilding initiatives in an effort to improve conditions for durable solutions and prevention of further displacement;
  • Strengthening national legislation and procedures to prevent and reduce statelessness, and advocating accession to the two statelessness conventions;
  • Assisting people of concern with specific needs, while working to facilitate access to public services and livelihoods for all people of concern;
  • Work closely with relevant stake holders on contingency planning, as required

Response and implementation

 
Operations in the Russian FederationTurkey and Ukraine are presented in separate country pages.
 
Armenia has been significantly impacted by the arrival of Syrian refugees in recent years, and some 14,000 Syrian nationals of Armenian origin remained in the country as at mid-2017. The most vulnerable Syrians will continue to benefit from support provided by UNHCR, in cooperation with the Government and NGOs, including in terms of accommodation and livelihoods.
 
As of mid-2017, some 1,200 refugees, 263 asylum-seekers, 3,600 stateless persons, and over 613,120 IDPs were present in Azerbaijan. UNHCR will continue to cooperate with the Government to strengthen implementation of international legal instruments; improve the national legislative framework; develop Government action plans aimed at achieving solutions for people of concern; improve the national asylum procedure; ensure access to basic services and the labour market for all people of concern; and advocate for a needs-based approach to enhance targeting of most vulnerable IDPs.
 
In Belarus, the effects of the situation in Ukraine will continue to be felt in 2018. As of mid-2017, the country hosted about 165,000 Ukrainians. Some 6,000 stateless persons and 2,000 refugees and asylum-seekers, mostly from Ukraine, Afghanistan and the Syrian Arab Republic were also present in Belarus. In 2018, UNHCR will support efforts to strengthen the asylum system and provide protection. Activities will include: monitoring the application of the 1951 Convention and national asylum legislation; provision of legal and technical assistance to the Government; building capacity of Government departments dealing with statelessness; ensuring full and unhindered access to territory and refugee status determination procedures; prevention of refoulement; and enhancing local integration capacity.
 
In Georgia, UNHCR will support efforts by relevant stakeholders to protect, integrate and improve living conditions for displaced populations. As of mid-2017, some 2,200 refugees and people in refugee-like situations, 344 asylum-seekers, 600 stateless persons, and 276,000 IDPs (including people in an IDP-like situation in Abkhazia) were present in Georgia. UNHCR will seek to ensure that people of concern are informed of their rights, improve access to State services, and expand ongoing socio-economic support based on a combination of self-reliance and cash-based interventions, as well as social cohesion projects. Legal aid and counselling will continue to be provided to both refugees and IDPs, and the Office will carry out monitoring of reception conditions and access to territory. UNHCR will seek to strengthen the quality of national asylum procedures through capacity development activities and advocate a needs-based approach to assisting IDPs.

2018 Budget and Expenditure in Eastern Europe | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Belarus Budget
Expenditure
1,591,045
1,286,325
82,209
81,901
0
0
0
0
1,673,254
1,368,226
Regional Office in the South Caucasus Budget
Expenditure
11,042,657
6,866,444
507,122
385,228
0
0
4,972,920
3,248,727
16,522,700
10,500,398
Russian Federation Budget
Expenditure
5,271,751
3,811,390
893,181
730,354
0
0
0
0
6,164,933
4,541,744
Turkey Budget
Expenditure
436,064,688
123,088,034
2,790
620
0
0
0
0
436,067,478
123,088,654
Ukraine Budget
Expenditure
6,029,065
4,398,284
813,963
459,691
0
0
24,240,897
14,441,812
31,083,924
19,299,788
Total Budget
Expenditure
459,999,206
139,450,477
2,299,266
1,657,795
0
0
29,213,817
17,690,539
491,512,289
158,798,810

2018 Voluntary Contributions to Eastern Europe | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 4
IDP projects
All
pillars
Total
Belarus
Germany 47,67000 47,670
International Organization for Migration 43,29500 43,295
Belarus subtotal 90,96500 90,965
Regional Office in the South Caucasus
Armenia 0098,000 98,000
Azerbaijan 7,20000 7,200
Private donors in Japan 0182,4840 182,484
UNDP 00192,071 192,071
Regional Office in the South Caucasus subtotal 7,200182,484290,071 479,755
Turkey
Canada 1,886,79200 1,886,792
European Union 70,405,65400 70,405,654
France 929,15200 929,152
Germany 3,409,09100 3,409,091
Japan 2,100,00000 2,100,000
Norway 1,020,27800 1,020,278
Private donors in Germany 0029,481 29,481
Republic of Korea 1,000,00000 1,000,000
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1,126,42000 1,126,420
United States of America 41,200,000012,700,000 53,900,000
Turkey subtotal 123,077,387012,729,481 135,806,868
Ukraine
Canada 00589,159 589,159
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 0849,0990 849,099
Denmark 002,286,934 2,286,934
Estonia 0235,8490 235,849
European Union 02,675,3880 2,675,388
Germany 01,136,3640 1,136,364
Japan 0700,0000 700,000
Luxembourg 0455,063444,313 899,375
Norway 0595,4510 595,451
Private donors in Spain 01,2920 1,292
Private donors in Switzerland 0018 18
Russian Federation 0250,0000 250,000
Sweden 01,269,0360 1,269,036
United States of America 005,900,000 5,900,000
Ukraine subtotal 08,167,5409,220,425 17,387,965
Total 123,175,5528,350,02422,239,977 153,765,553
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 11-JUL-2019
    Ireland
    $10,227,273
  • 10-JUL-2019
    Sweden
    $9,376,010
  • 08-JUL-2019
    European Union
    $568,181
  • Kuwait
    $75,910
  • 05-JUL-2019
    Spain
    $1,005,114
  • 04-JUL-2019
    European Union
    $568,181
  • Japan

    private donors

    $78,200
  • 03-JUL-2019
    Angola
    $60,000
  • 02-JUL-2019
    Netherlands
    $743,035
  • 30-JUN-2019
    Argentina
    $53,550
  • Japan

    private donors

    $300,000
  • Spain
    $183,019
  • Sweden

    private donors

    $250,000
  • Oman

    private donors

    $57,251
  • United Arab Emirates

    private donors

    $783,336
  • Saudi Arabia

    private donors

    $309,437
  • Kuwait

    private donors

    $101,816
  • 29-JUN-2019
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $122,058
  • Sweden

    private donors

    $437,792
  • Thailand

    private donors

    $578,523