Latin America

Operational information on the Latin America subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

Subregion: Latin America

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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Latin America

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2017 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[90.21897291,95.444174924,115.39270982,121.597479793,172.21536011,287.32994923],"expenditure":[49.98284571,49.91913141,60.80002753,70.53629212,null,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[60.53877343,63.974638204,78.61664868,90.001777063,149.4830097,269.38513435],"p2":[0.5026572,1.10877181,1.1724936,1.72743748,1.17585492,0.981548],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[29.17754228,30.36076491,35.60356754,29.86826525,21.55649549,16.96326688]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[32.20327782,34.30039144,43.1545312,55.02505765,null,null],"p2":[0.26571356,0.97657094,0.90564873,1.14798111,null,null],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[17.51385433,14.64216903,16.7398476,14.36325336,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2019 [projected]

[["Refugees",262101],["Asylum-seekers",602747],["IDPs",8321500],["Returned refugees",300],["Stateless",66],["Others of concern",2279138]]
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Operational environment

 Since 2015, more than 2.4 million Venezuelans have left for other countries in the region and beyond.  Though many Venezuelans remain in an irregular situation, over 336,000 Venezuelans have filed asylum claims globally and nearly 727,000 benefitted from other legal forms of stay in Latin America.
 
Most governments in the region have shown commendable solidarity towards Venezuelans though a select few have adopted restrictive measures. In order to promote regional dialogue and consensus necessary for the humanitarian response, a UNHCR and IOM Joint Special Representative for Venezuelan refugees and migrants was appointed. A new regional inter-agency coordination platform for Venezuelan refugees and migrants was set up, under the co-leadership of UNHCR and IOM. It aims to support and complement the response by national governments in affected countries while also bringing together a broad range of actors.      In 2019, a Regional Response Plan for Venezuelan Refugees and Migrants will be launched.
 
UNHCR will continue to reinforce its field presence and support States to improve reception conditions in border areas and advocacy for legal stay, including in the areas of registration, asylum or other legal protection pathways, documentation for returnees, profiling and protection monitoring. In an effort to curb discrimination and xenophobia, awareness campaigns will be launched. Local integration efforts will be pursued, using a community-based approach, in order to benefit hosting populations alike.
 
In Colombia, the implementation of the historical peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) remains challenging. The humanitarian situation deteriorated in various parts of the country, with new and recurrent displacement, as well as restrictions on freedom of movement leading to an increasing influx of Colombian refugees into Ecuador.  In addition, the conflict in Colombia is increasingly spilling over into Ecuador, resulting in internal displacement in Ecuador for the first time in its history in early 2018. 
 
UNHCR will continue implementing its 2018-2020 strategy for Colombia and Ecuador while adapting it to reflect the changing dynamics. In Colombia, UNHCR will advocate for the protection of IDPs and prevention of new displacement and continue working on durable solutions through the legalization of settlements. The Office will continue to support the implementation of the peace agreement through advocacy for the rights of victims, including IDPs, as well as support to the Special Peace Jurisdiction and the Truth Commission. In Ecuador, UNHCR will continue strengthening the national asylum system, improving self-reliance for refugees and supporting the national authorities to deal with the increasingly challenging border dynamics.
 
There has been a significant increase in the number of people fleeing violence and persecution in the North of Central America (NCA), with more than 300,000 asylum-seekers and refugees registered globally by mid-2018, mainly in the United States of America and Mexico, double the number of the previous year. The first half of 2018 also saw an increase in the total number of deportations of people from the NCA countries and the identification of returnees with serious protection concerns. In responding to this evolving situation, UNHCR will continue to support the implementation of the comprehensive refugee response framework (CRRF) known locally by its Spanish acronym MIRPS, by strengthening responsibility-sharing mechanisms, enhancing protection of asylum-seekers, refugees, returnees and IDPs and forging new alliances with regional development actors and the private-sector. UNHCR will also work to identify funds from both national budgets and international cooperation for the implementation of MIRPS commitments. 
 
The rapid deterioration of the situation in Nicaragua since April 2018 has led nearly 15,000 Nicaraguans to seek asylum in NCA countries, mostly in Costa Rica. In 2019, UNHCR will work to implement a regional response plan aiming at strengthening the asylum system and the preparedness and capacity of reception conditions.
 
Countries in the region continue to work under the Brazil Plan of Action (BPA), the regional framework for cooperation and responsibility-sharing in Latin America and the Caribbean. In 2019, UNHCR will support countries to consolidate asylum systems, work towards improving registration, case management and referral mechanisms, implement the Cities of Solidarity initiative recognizing socioeconomic and cultural inclusion, expand the regional safe spaces network and continue to advocate toward the end of statelessness in the region.

2019 Budget for Latin America | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Argentina Regional Office 11,188,60800011,188,608
Brazil 24,058,37800024,058,378
Colombia 33,412,5550016,963,26750,375,822
Costa Rica 13,688,90700013,688,907
Ecuador 37,985,53600037,985,536
Mexico 59,600,65600059,600,656
Panama Regional Office 30,315,97200030,315,972
Peru 23,409,41000023,409,410
Regional Legal Unit Costa Rica 3,843,291981,548004,824,839
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 12,869,33100012,869,331
Venezuela Regional Refugee Coordination Office 8,650,1740008,650,174
Regional activities 10,362,31600010,362,316
Total 269,385,134981,548016,963,267287,329,949

2019 Voluntary Contributions to Latin America | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 4
IDP projects
All
pillars
Total
Latin America overall
Private donors in Sweden 008,424 8,424
Latin America overall subtotal 008,424 8,424
Brazil
Brazil 1,069,23300 1,069,233
European Union 1,541,87700 1,541,877
International Organization for Migration 256,47200 256,472
Private donors in Brazil 00373,660 373,660
Private donors in Switzerland 10000 100
UN Women 56,81800 56,818
United States of America 2,600,00000 2,600,000
Brazil subtotal 5,524,5000373,660 5,898,159
Colombia
Austria 1,141,55300 1,141,553
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 0699,9150 699,915
European Union 2,821,216390,1920 3,211,407
Food and Agriculture Organization 0236,9680 236,968
Post-Conflict MPTF for Colombia 0163,6020 163,602
Private donors in Switzerland 0011 11
Republic of Korea 500,0001,592,5750 2,092,575
UN Peacebuilding Fund 0201,6290 201,629
UN Trust Fund for Human Security 00166,673 166,673
United States of America 5,400,00000 5,400,000
Colombia subtotal 9,862,7683,284,880166,684 13,314,332
Costa Rica
European Union 684,93200 684,932
United States of America 600,00000 600,000
Costa Rica subtotal 1,284,93200 1,284,932
Ecuador
Colombia 53,16200 53,162
European Union 2,389,69400 2,389,694
Private donors in Germany 5,947016,884 22,831
UN Peacebuilding Fund 463,87500 463,875
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 3,99500 3,995
United States of America 2,800,00000 2,800,000
Ecuador subtotal 5,716,672016,884 5,733,556
Mexico
European Union 311,34300 311,343
Private donors in Mexico 227,6950167,307 395,002
Private donors in Switzerland 67,73100 67,731
Private donors in the United States of America 800,00000 800,000
United States of America 30,400,00000 30,400,000
Mexico subtotal 31,806,7700167,307 31,974,077
Panama Regional Office
Canada 37,99400 37,994
European Union 866,94600 866,946
Spain 28,53900 28,539
UN Peacebuilding Fund 294,51800 294,518
United States of America 300,00000 300,000
Panama Regional Office subtotal 1,527,99700 1,527,997
Peru
Colombia 53,16200 53,162
European Union 1,137,65600 1,137,656
United States of America 2,900,00000 2,900,000
Peru subtotal 4,090,81800 4,090,818
Regional activities
United States of America 900,00000 900,000
Regional activities subtotal 900,00000 900,000
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 762,26800 762,268
European Union 1,472,10300 1,472,103
Italy 613,49700 613,497
UNAIDS 0050,300 50,300
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) subtotal 2,847,868050,300 2,898,168
Venezuela Regional Refugee Coordination Office
European Union 455,06300 455,063
United States of America 800,00000 800,000
Venezuela Regional Refugee Coordination Office subtotal 1,255,06300 1,255,063
Total 64,817,3873,284,880783,258 68,885,525
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