Operational information on the Latin America subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Latin America
People of Concern - 2019 [projected][["Refugees",262101],["Asylum-seekers",602747],["IDPs",8321500],["Returned refugees",300],["Stateless",66],["Others of concern",2279138]]
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Operational environmentSince 2015, more than 2.4 million Venezuelans have left for other countries in the region and beyond. Though many Venezuelans remain in an irregular situation, over 336,000 Venezuelans have filed asylum claims globally and nearly 727,000 benefitted from other legal forms of stay in Latin America.
Most governments in the region have shown commendable solidarity towards Venezuelans though a select few have adopted restrictive measures. In order to promote regional dialogue and consensus necessary for the humanitarian response, a UNHCR and IOM Joint Special Representative for Venezuelan refugees and migrants was appointed. A new regional inter-agency coordination platform for Venezuelan refugees and migrants was set up, under the co-leadership of UNHCR and IOM. It aims to support and complement the response by national governments in affected countries while also bringing together a broad range of actors. In 2019, a Regional Response Plan for Venezuelan Refugees and Migrants will be launched.
UNHCR will continue to reinforce its field presence and support States to improve reception conditions in border areas and advocacy for legal stay, including in the areas of registration, asylum or other legal protection pathways, documentation for returnees, profiling and protection monitoring. In an effort to curb discrimination and xenophobia, awareness campaigns will be launched. Local integration efforts will be pursued, using a community-based approach, in order to benefit hosting populations alike.
In Colombia, the implementation of the historical peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) remains challenging. The humanitarian situation deteriorated in various parts of the country, with new and recurrent displacement, as well as restrictions on freedom of movement leading to an increasing influx of Colombian refugees into Ecuador. In addition, the conflict in Colombia is increasingly spilling over into Ecuador, resulting in internal displacement in Ecuador for the first time in its history in early 2018.
UNHCR will continue implementing its 2018-2020 strategy for Colombia and Ecuador while adapting it to reflect the changing dynamics. In Colombia, UNHCR will advocate for the protection of IDPs and prevention of new displacement and continue working on durable solutions through the legalization of settlements. The Office will continue to support the implementation of the peace agreement through advocacy for the rights of victims, including IDPs, as well as support to the Special Peace Jurisdiction and the Truth Commission. In Ecuador, UNHCR will continue strengthening the national asylum system, improving self-reliance for refugees and supporting the national authorities to deal with the increasingly challenging border dynamics.
There has been a significant increase in the number of people fleeing violence and persecution in the North of Central America (NCA), with more than 300,000 asylum-seekers and refugees registered globally by mid-2018, mainly in the United States of America and Mexico, double the number of the previous year. The first half of 2018 also saw an increase in the total number of deportations of people from the NCA countries and the identification of returnees with serious protection concerns. In responding to this evolving situation, UNHCR will continue to support the implementation of the comprehensive refugee response framework (CRRF) known locally by its Spanish acronym MIRPS, by strengthening responsibility-sharing mechanisms, enhancing protection of asylum-seekers, refugees, returnees and IDPs and forging new alliances with regional development actors and the private-sector. UNHCR will also work to identify funds from both national budgets and international cooperation for the implementation of MIRPS commitments.
The rapid deterioration of the situation in Nicaragua since April 2018 has led nearly 15,000 Nicaraguans to seek asylum in NCA countries, mostly in Costa Rica. In 2019, UNHCR will work to implement a regional response plan aiming at strengthening the asylum system and the preparedness and capacity of reception conditions.
Countries in the region continue to work under the Brazil Plan of Action (BPA), the regional framework for cooperation and responsibility-sharing in Latin America and the Caribbean. In 2019, UNHCR will support countries to consolidate asylum systems, work towards improving registration, case management and referral mechanisms, implement the Cities of Solidarity initiative recognizing socioeconomic and cultural inclusion, expand the regional safe spaces network and continue to advocate toward the end of statelessness in the region.
2019 Budget for Latin America | USD
|Argentina Regional Office||11,188,608||0||0||0||11,188,608|
|Panama Regional Office||30,315,972||0||0||0||30,315,972|
|Regional Legal Unit Costa Rica||3,843,291||981,548||0||0||4,824,839|
|Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)||12,869,331||0||0||0||12,869,331|
|Venezuela Regional Refugee Coordination Office||8,650,174||0||0||0||8,650,174|
2019 Voluntary Contributions to Latin America | USD
|Earmarking / Donor||Pillar 1
|Latin America overall|
|Private donors in Sweden||0||0||8,424||8,424|
|Latin America overall subtotal||0||0||8,424||8,424|
|International Organization for Migration||256,472||0||0||256,472|
|Private donors in Brazil||0||0||373,660||373,660|
|Private donors in Switzerland||100||0||0||100|
|United States of America||2,600,000||0||0||2,600,000|
|Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)||0||699,915||0||699,915|
|Food and Agriculture Organization||0||236,968||0||236,968|
|Post-Conflict MPTF for Colombia||0||163,602||0||163,602|
|Private donors in Switzerland||0||0||11||11|
|Republic of Korea||500,000||1,592,575||0||2,092,575|
|UN Peacebuilding Fund||0||201,629||0||201,629|
|UN Trust Fund for Human Security||0||0||166,673||166,673|
|United States of America||5,400,000||0||0||5,400,000|
|United States of America||600,000||0||0||600,000|
|Costa Rica subtotal||1,284,932||0||0||1,284,932|
|Private donors in Germany||5,947||0||16,884||22,831|
|UN Peacebuilding Fund||463,875||0||0||463,875|
|United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland||3,995||0||0||3,995|
|United States of America||2,800,000||0||0||2,800,000|
|Private donors in Mexico||227,695||0||167,307||395,002|
|Private donors in Switzerland||67,731||0||0||67,731|
|Private donors in the United States of America||800,000||0||0||800,000|
|United States of America||30,400,000||0||0||30,400,000|
|Panama Regional Office|
|UN Peacebuilding Fund||294,518||0||0||294,518|
|United States of America||300,000||0||0||300,000|
|Panama Regional Office subtotal||1,527,997||0||0||1,527,997|
|United States of America||2,900,000||0||0||2,900,000|
|United States of America||900,000||0||0||900,000|
|Regional activities subtotal||900,000||0||0||900,000|
|Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)|
|Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)||762,268||0||0||762,268|
|Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) subtotal||2,847,868||0||50,300||2,898,168|
|Venezuela Regional Refugee Coordination Office|
|United States of America||800,000||0||0||800,000|
|Venezuela Regional Refugee Coordination Office subtotal||1,255,063||0||0||1,255,063|