Operational information on the Latin America subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Latin America
People of Concern - 2020 [projected][["Refugees",377147],["Asylum-seekers",1406188],["IDPs",8480000],["Returned refugees",500140],["Stateless",213],["Others of concern",6056217]]
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Working environment and response in 2020In 2020, the operational environment in Latin America is largely shaped by the situation in Venezuela. An estimated 6.5 million Venezuelans will have fled their country by the end of 2020, mainly to neighbouring countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.
In addition, forced displacement from the North of Central America (NCA) is expected to continue. There were already more than 387,000 refugees and asylum-seekers from NCA countries worldwide by mid-2019, forced to flee because of violence, persecution and insecurity, compounded by deteriorating socioeconomic conditions. In the first half of 2019 alone, nearly 54,000 new asylum applications from NCA nationals were lodged—86% more than the same period in 2018.
In Colombia, forced displacement persists in parts of the country, with continued disputes among armed actors regarding territorial control and a high number of homicides targeting community leaders. These incidents have hampered the implementation of the peace agreement in many neglected and poor rural areas. UNHCR’s presence is concentrated in border areas and along the Pacific Coast where most displacement and human rights violations occur. UNHCR will advocate the implementation of a strong legal framework and durable solutions for an estimated 8.1 million IDPs through the Victims and Land Restitution Law.
Nicaragua has been in social and political crisis since April 2018. Human rights violations had forced nearly 90,000 Nicaraguans to flee by mid-2019. UNHCR’s 2020 response will strengthen reception capacities in Costa Rica, as well as in El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico and Panama.
In line with the roadmap established by the 2014 Brazil Plan of Action, and anticipated commitments made during the Global Refugee Forum, addressing forced displacement through a regional, multi-stakeholder and inclusive approach remains key in the Americas. The Venezuela situation poses major challenges to regional stability. UNHCR will work with governments to consolidate and strengthen a regional and multilateral approach and response through the Quito Process—an initiative of several Latin American countries that seeks to harmonize domestic policies in receiving countries.
In 2020 UNHCR will support the implementation of the MIRPS, the regional Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework, to respond to forced displacement from the NCA and to foster regional cooperation between countries of origin, transit and destination for greater responsibility-sharing on prevention, protection and solutions.
2020 Budget for Latin America | USD
|Argentina Multi-Country Office||18,190,013||0||0||0||18,190,013|
|Panama Multi-Country Office||24,694,349||0||0||7,451,674||32,146,022|
|Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)||51,244,449||0||0||0||51,244,449|
2020 Voluntary Contributions to Latin America | USD
|Earmarking / Donor||Pillar 1
|Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)||357,690||0||357,690|
|Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)||442,524||0||442,524|
|Private donors in France||550,055||0||550,055|
|Republic of Korea||424,820||1,517,013||1,941,833|
|UN Peacebuilding Fund||0||101,392||101,392|
|UN Trust Fund for Human Security||0||154,615||154,615|
|Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)||669,952||0||669,952|
|UN Peacebuilding Fund||198,804||0||198,804|
|United States of America||36,380||0||36,380|
|Private donors in Mexico||62,630||0||62,630|
|Private donors in Switzerland||83,781||0||83,781|
|Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)||514,084||0||514,084|
|Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)|
|Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)||12,241||0||12,241|
|Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) subtotal||12,241||0||12,241|