East and Horn of Africa
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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion East and Horn of Africa
People of Concern - 2019 [projected][["Refugees",5557374],["Asylum-seekers",180270],["IDPs",7425000],["Returned IDPs",640000],["Returned refugees",125200],["Stateless",93106],["Others of concern",14566]]
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Operational EnvironmentThe operational environment is the East and Horn of Africa continues unstable, due to ongoing outbreaks of violence, terrorism, droughts, as well as social and political crises.
However, some areas in the subregion are showing improvement, with Ethiopia and Eritrea re-establishing ties after two decades, and the agreement between Djibouti and Eritrea to normalise relations a decade after the border dispute which led to military clashes.
While efforts to restore peace and stability in the subregion continue with ongoing reforms in Ethiopia, countries like South Sudan and Somalia are confronted with violence, increasing food insecurity and drought.
The estimated number of people of concern to UNHCR in the East and Horn of Africa subregion in 2019 will stand at some 14.1 million. In 2019, the subregion will host an estimated 4.6 million refugees and asylum-seekers mainly from South Sudan, Somalia and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), as well as an additional 9.5 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in South Sudan, Somalia, Sudan and Ethiopia.
South Sudan situation remains the second largest refugee crisis in the region with 2.5 million refugees hosted by six countries: Central African Republic, the DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda. Humanitarian organisations will continue to face challenges in reaching people in dire need as a result of insecurity and access denials. Despite these challenges, South Sudan maintains an open-door policy, hosting over 298,000 refugees from CAR, the DRC, Ethiopia and Sudan. In 2019, the operational environment in South Sudan is expected to remain fluid despite the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict of the Republic of South Sudan in September 2018. Implementation of the Agreement will be a major milestone towards sustainable peace.
Amid security challenges, Somalia is gradually recovering after more than two decades of conflict. The country is hosting about 2.6 million IDPs and some 820,000 Somali refugees are residing across other countries in the Horn of Africa (256,000 in Ethiopia, 255,500 in Kenya: 255,500 and 256,000 in Yemen). Since December 2014, more than 120,000 people have voluntarily returned to Somalia. Somalia is also hosting some 31,000 registered refugees and asylum-seekers from Yemen.
Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda will also continue to host large numbers of people of concern. Ethiopia is currently undergoing political changes following the appointment of a new Prime Minister in 2018. Outbreaks of violence have occurred in parts of the country, including the capital, and might continue throughout 2019. Ethiopia currently hosts more than 900,000 refugees from countries including South Sudan, Somalia, Sudan, Eritrea and Yemen. In addition, an estimated 2.8 million people are internally displaced, with a significant number expected to require humanitarian assistance throughout 2019.
Refugee influx from the DRC and South Sudan to Uganda will continue in 2019. In Eritrea, the political and security environment has changed significantly, possibly resulting in the return of Eritrean refugees in 2019. Substantial spontaneous returns and UNHCR-assisted voluntary returns of Sudanese from Chad are expected to continue particularly to North, Central and West Darfur states.
Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda are already implementing the Comprehensive Responses. In 2019, these five countries will continue expanding partnerships while strengthening the existing collaboration with UN agencies and development actors.
In October 2018, UNHCR appointed Ambassador Mohamed Abdi Affey as its Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa. The Special Envoy’s role will include advocating for continued international protection and increased inclusion of refugees in the countries they reside in, as well as for more global investment in this region. He will engage directly with refugees, regional governments and political institutions, as well as the greater international community.
UNHCR will promote self-reliance and economic inclusion of refugees and asylum-seekers in the subregion through livelihood opportunities with the most vulnerable targeted with financial assistance programmes such as cash based interventions. UNHCR will also ensure significant expansion in education, environment and livelihoods, as well as strengthen accountability and risk management.
2019 Budget for East and Horn of Africa | USD
|East & Horn & Great Lakes Regional Bureau||3,130,000||0||0||0||3,130,000|
|Ethiopia UNHCR Representation to the AU and ECA||4,300,000||0||0||0||4,300,000|
|Kenya Regional Support Hub||8,191,358||0||0||0||8,191,358|
2019 Voluntary Contributions to East and Horn of Africa | USD
|Earmarking / Donor||Pillar 1
|East and Horn of Africa overall|
|Private donors in the Republic of Korea||0||0||0||0||5,527||5,527|
|Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland||0||0||0||0||100,000||100,000|
|East and Horn of Africa overall subtotal||0||0||0||0||105,527||105,527|
|Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)||2,150,573||0||0||0||0||2,150,573|
|Private donors in Germany||0||0||0||0||68,886||68,886|
|Private donors in Italy||0||0||0||0||72,012||72,012|
|Private donors in the United States of America||212,689||0||0||0||0||212,689|
|UN Peacebuilding Fund||0||0||0||0||467,005||467,005|
|United States of America||0||0||0||0||6,500,000||6,500,000|
|Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)||150,000||0||0||0||0||150,000|
|Intergovernmental Authority on Development||27,147||0||0||0||0||27,147|
|Common Humanitarian Fund Sudan||0||0||0||184,240||0||184,240|
|Private donors in Canada||0||0||0||0||205,439||205,439|
|Private donors in Italy||0||0||0||0||206||206|
|Private donors in Spain||1,027,397||0||0||0||0||1,027,397|
|Private donors in the Netherlands||2,299,639||0||0||0||0||2,299,639|
|Republic of Korea||600,000||0||0||0||0||600,000|
|United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland||7,915,686||0||0||0||0||7,915,686|
|United States of America||770,072||0||0||0||17,560,652||18,330,724|
|Private donors in Canada||198,556||0||0||0||0||198,556|
|Private donors in Denmark||0||0||0||0||54,936||54,936|
|Private donors in Qatar||410,433||0||0||0||0||410,433|
|Private donors in the Netherlands||38,479||0||0||0||0||38,479|
|Private donors in the Republic of Korea||85,097||0||0||0||0||85,097|
|Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland||38,520||0||0||0||15,234||53,754|
|Private donors in the United States of America||495,194||0||0||0||238,223||733,418|
|United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland||2,287,672||0||0||0||8,301,697||10,589,369|
|United States of America||107,000||0||0||0||9,166,652||9,273,652|
|Kenya Regional Support Hub|
|Kenya Regional Support Hub subtotal||74,900||0||0||0||0||74,900|
|Private donors in Qatar||0||0||0||0||1,027,147||1,027,147|
|UN Peacebuilding Fund||0||0||181,480||0||0||181,480|
|United States of America||0||0||0||0||9,200,000||9,200,000|
|Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)||0||0||0||1,400,035||0||1,400,035|
|Intergovernmental Authority on Development||45,073||0||0||0||0||45,073|
|Private donors in the United States of America||0||0||0||600,005||0||600,005|
|Republic of Korea||0||0||0||0||1,164,000||1,164,000|
|United States of America||0||0||0||0||7,600,000||7,600,000|
|South Sudan subtotal||3,172,555||0||0||2,000,040||9,700,018||14,872,613|
|Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)||1,417,525||0||0||0||0||1,417,525|
|Intergovernmental Authority on Development||158,830||0||0||0||0||158,830|
|UN African Union Hybrid Operation Darfur||1,334,410||0||0||0||0||1,334,410|
|United States of America||0||0||0||0||13,400,000||13,400,000|
|Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)||6,074,738||0||0||0||0||6,074,738|
|Education Cannot Wait||120,837||0||0||0||0||120,837|
|End Violence Against Children Fund||0||0||0||0||29,182||29,182|
|Intergovernmental Authority on Development||193,940||0||0||0||0||193,940|
|Private donors in France||0||0||0||0||170||170|
|Private donors in Germany||0||0||0||0||187,695||187,695|
|Private donors in Italy||0||0||0||0||67||67|
|Private donors in Spain||114,155||0||0||0||0||114,155|
|Private donors in the Republic of Korea||0||0||0||0||3,874||3,874|
|Private donors in the United States of America||180,000||0||0||0||0||180,000|
|Republic of Korea||2,534,666||0||0||0||0||2,534,666|
|United States of America||647,566||0||0||0||22,871,905||23,519,471|