East and Horn of Africa

Operational information on the East and Horn of Africa subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

Subregion: East and Horn of Africa

{"longitude":32.0801,"latitude":7.8851,"zoom_level":5,"iso_codes":"'DJI','ERI','ETH','KEN','SDN','SOM','SSD','TCD','UGA'"}

By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.


CHOOSE A YEAR
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018

Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion East and Horn of Africa

< Back
2017 {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"budget":[1216.964406576,1202.02253764,1734.609283047,1708.406562848,1679.992100185,1816.990419175],"expenditure":[597.29662597,589.89483416,710.78058807,660.50961482,729.94847813,867.98788449]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[1038.688334436,1033.38064529,1407.771179317,1385.750670941,1464.041378785,1673.407104514],"p2":[9.72017993,14.41734205,12.5678804,11.59981011,7.86352259,6.081350491],"p3":[3.38841143,22.00934282,15.0069559,17.03133044,34.86243341,29.80667717],"p4":[165.16748078,132.21520748,299.26326743,294.024751357,173.2247654,107.695287]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[515.57067524,530.11995501,613.32661372,583.76008895,657.79668174,799.64683913],"p2":[5.14905325,5.8588838,5.74570988,3.48248591,4.2784707,2.66588453],"p3":[2.67775157,4.86436034,3.1304473,7.72906631,8.31500207,17.82340434],"p4":[73.89914591,49.05163501,88.57781717,65.53797365,59.55832362,47.85175649]}
Loading ...

People of Concern - 2017

[["Refugees",4307820],["Asylum-seekers",148600],["IDPs",7196092],["Returned IDPs",387056],["Returned refugees",56667],["Stateless",18500],["Others of concern",293750]]
Loading ...

Response in 2017

Protracted political strife arising from local and national grievances and inter-communal conflicts coupled with serious and large scale human rights violations continued to make the East and Horn of Africa one of the most unstable and complex sub-regions in the continent. Furthermore, approximately 15 million people faced severe food insecurity and malnutrition in the sub-region due to recurring drought since 2011.
 
Progress towards peace in South Sudan remained elusive. Despite the launch of a nation-wide dialogue by President Salva Kiir and the creation of the High-Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) in May and June 2017 respectively, the humanitarian crisis in the country continued to deepen due to the economic decline and inter-communal violence. By December 2017, over 1.9 million South Sudanese were internally displaced and more than 2.4 million were refugees in neighbouring countries, reflecting an increase of some 1 million refugees in 2017 compared to 2016.
 
By the end of 2017, two-long decades of violence and instability resulted in the internal displacement of more than 2.1 million Somalis and forced another 900,000 to seek refuge in neighbouring countries and Yemen.  Somali refugees and returnees were a key feature on the agenda of regional and bilateral forums over the year. In March 2017, the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)’ Heads of State and Government met during a Special Summit in Nairobi to agree on a framework that would enable the region to find durable solutions to the Somalia crisis. This commitment is expressed in the Nairobi Declaration and Plan of Action on durable solutions for Somali refugees and reintegration of returnees in Somalia, a pioneering regional agreement building on the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework and the New York Declaration.
 
In response to the Nairobi Plan of Action, a regional ministerial conference on refugee education was held in December 2017 in Djibouti. The meeting adopted the Djibouti Declaration on Regional Refugee Education and its accompanying Plan of Action to take collective action to ensure equal access to quality education for refugees, returnees and host communities.
 
More than 100,000 Somali refugees returned to Somalia mainly from Kenya and smaller numbers  from Yemen. Although the operational context in Somalia was characterized by unpredictable and significant humanitarian challenges, UNHCR continued to ensure the provision of assistance and protection to refugees, asylum-seekers and IDPs.
 
In addition to Somalia and South Sudan situations, inter-communal conflict in the Oromia and Somali regions of Ethiopia displaced approximately one million people in 2017. In addition, UNHCR continued to seek durable solutions to address the needs of the continued influx of refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Yemen and Syria into East Africa.
 
UNHCR remained concerned about the increased displacement, especially in light of funding constraints in the sub-region. Substantial gaps remained in meeting the protection and assistance needs of people of concern because of limited resources but also due to continuous deterioration of security coupled with increasing logistical challenges.

Operational Environment and Strategy


Countries hosting refugees in the East and Horn of Africa continue to be vulnerable to large-scale refugee influxes from ongoing crises in Burundi, South Sudan and Yemen.  Host countries are struggling to support new arrivals and protracted refugee populations as well as, in some cases, internally displaced persons (IDPs).  Refugee and host communities have been impacted by the El Niño weather phenomenon that is causing drier than normal conditions in large areas of Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia, affecting water reserves and crop production. 

Despite this challenging context, there have been notable advances in strengthening the legal framework for the protection of refugees and asylum-seekers in the subregion. In Djibouti, the Council of Ministers adopted a new Bill on Refugee Status in September 2016. In Uganda, the Government integrated its Settlement Transformative Agenda (STA) into the National Development Plan II (NDP II 2016-2020). The STA is the Government of Uganda’s strategic approach to refugee management and protection, and aims to promote self-reliance and local settlement for refugees, in addition to social development in refugee hosting areas. Refugees and IDPs have also been included in Somalia’s draft national development plan which, if approved, will strengthen linkages between humanitarian and development initiatives with a view to creating conditions conducive for return.

The need to identify appropriate solutions to protracted displacement in the subregion is becoming more urgent. UNHCR will continue to seek to provide protection in accordance with international law, manage limited resources by promoting solutions, ensure the voluntariness of return, and safeguard the well-being of returnees.  While insecurity and political instability in many areas of Somalia continue to be obstacles to large-scale voluntary repatriation, over 30,000 Somalis were supported to return in 2016.  The “Enhanced plan of action for the voluntary return and reintegration of Somali refugees from the Dadaab camps in Kenya” was adopted in July 2016.

UNHCR will work with partners to develop multi-year, regional solutions and protection strategies for the Somalia and South Sudan situations, in line with the principles endorsed in the New York Declaration adopted in September 2016.  These strategies will bring together a range of initiatives to increase resettlement and integration opportunities and which will further develop appropriate conditions for voluntary repatriation in the country of origin and asylum, including in the areas of livelihoods and self-reliance, shelter, health and education. UNHCR and partners will agree a country level vision and strategic objectives which will assist in achieving a longer term regional vision and objectives for these complex situations. 

UNHCR’s operations in the East and Horn of Africa remain seriously under-funded, with food shortages also reported in some instances. More generally, the rise in the number of displaced people as a result of these crises has not been matched by commensurate funding increases to assist host communities and governments to provide adequate services to the displaced. The low level of available funding must be urgently addressed in order for humanitarian needs to be met in the subregion.  

UNHCR remains concerned by onward movement of refugees from the East and Horn of Africa due to a range of factors including instability and limits on freedom of movement. In response to the increasing number of children on the move, UNHCR will work with partners to improve child protection and sectoral interventions, especially for the large number of children who have become separated from their families in the context of the South Sudan conflict.

2017 Budget and Expenditure in East and Horn of Africa | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Chad Budget
Expenditure
161,304,068
73,929,387
991,739
331,092
0
0
2,850,000
1,008,643
165,145,807
75,269,122
Djibouti Budget
Expenditure
31,805,057
12,071,265
0
0
0
0
0
0
31,805,057
12,071,265
Eritrea Budget
Expenditure
3,899,094
3,728,254
0
0
0
0
0
0
3,899,094
3,728,254
Ethiopia Budget
Expenditure
330,548,039
144,928,371
0
0
0
0
0
0
330,548,039
144,928,371
Ethiopia UNHCR Representation to the AU and ECA Budget
Expenditure
2,205,453
1,342,781
0
0
0
0
0
0
2,205,453
1,342,781
Kenya Budget
Expenditure
229,378,159
120,552,867
910,184
494,468
0
0
0
0
230,288,343
121,047,335
Kenya Regional Support Hub Budget
Expenditure
7,017,371
5,187,066
0
0
0
0
0
0
7,017,371
5,187,066
Somalia Budget
Expenditure
55,025,162
43,417,077
0
0
23,493,230
17,823,404
39,561,426
15,847,792
118,079,819
77,088,274
South Sudan Budget
Expenditure
130,874,080
105,186,688
1,495,492
838,054
0
0
39,303,047
25,870,226
171,672,619
131,894,967
Sudan Budget
Expenditure
167,478,836
83,952,941
2,483,936
984,643
6,313,447
0
25,980,814
5,125,096
202,257,032
90,062,679
Uganda Budget
Expenditure
550,908,265
204,671,490
200,000
17,628
0
0
0
0
551,108,265
204,689,118
Regional activities Budget
Expenditure
2,963,520
678,652
0
0
0
0
0
0
2,963,520
678,652
Total Budget
Expenditure
1,673,407,105
799,646,839
6,081,350
2,665,885
29,806,677
17,823,404
107,695,287
47,851,756
1,816,990,419
867,987,884

2017 Voluntary Contributions to East and Horn of Africa | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
All
pillars
Total
East and Horn of Africa overall
Finland 0003,201,708 3,201,708
Germany 00045,546,244 45,546,244
Holy See 5,000000 5,000
Ireland 1,067,236000 1,067,236
Netherlands 2,322,880000 2,322,880
Norway 6,085,406000 6,085,406
PRIV DONORS UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 0003,078 3,078
Private donors in Australia 00084,082 84,082
Private donors in Austria 00053 53
Private donors in Brazil 000126 126
Private donors in Canada 00049,973 49,973
Private donors in China 00042,003 42,003
Private donors in France 000566 566
Private donors in Germany 0003,781,746 3,781,746
Private donors in Ghana 00010,000 10,000
Private donors in Italy 00012,810 12,810
Private donors in Japan 00052,518 52,518
Private donors in Spain 00068,776 68,776
Private donors in Sweden 000105,582 105,582
Private donors in Switzerland 000323,469 323,469
Private donors in the Netherlands 000118 118
Private donors in the Republic of Korea 00015,681 15,681
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 000108,921 108,921
Private donors in the United States of America 000246,957 246,957
Sweden 0002,746,314 2,746,314
East and Horn of Africa overall subtotal 9,480,5220056,400,725 65,881,248
Chad
Canada 0001,858,736 1,858,736
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 287,239099,9960 387,235
European Union 5,028,285000 5,028,285
France 1,910,567000 1,910,567
Germany 1,119,821000 1,119,821
Japan 1,938,000000 1,938,000
Private donors in Germany 00077,093 77,093
Private donors in Italy 11800168 286
Private donors in Qatar 1,768,438000 1,768,438
Private donors in Spain 120,033000 120,033
Private donors in the Netherlands 356,062000 356,062
Private donors in the United States of America 504001,975 2,479
Spain 231,886000 231,886
Switzerland 1,175,174000 1,175,174
United States of America 00024,800,000 24,800,000
Chad subtotal 13,936,128099,99626,737,973 40,774,097
Djibouti
Canada 000167,286 167,286
Intergovernmental Authority on Development 28,834000 28,834
Luxembourg 000209,205 209,205
United States of America 0005,400,000 5,400,000
Djibouti subtotal 28,834005,776,491 5,805,326
Ethiopia
African Union 100,000000 100,000
Australia 1,416,853000 1,416,853
Canada 000743,494 743,494
Common Humanitarian Fund Sudan 650,220000 650,220
Denmark 180,000000 180,000
European Union 3,008,841000 3,008,841
Germany 1,612,603000 1,612,603
Ireland 1,269,568000 1,269,568
Japan 2,438,000000 2,438,000
Netherlands 2,738,597000 2,738,597
Private donors in Australia 604,1470085,565 689,713
Private donors in Germany 00042,418 42,418
Private donors in Qatar 2,268,438000 2,268,438
Private donors in Spain 1,283,984000 1,283,984
Private donors in Switzerland 80,645000 80,645
Private donors in the Netherlands 6,487,020000 6,487,020
Private donors in the United States of America 787,078000 787,078
Republic of Korea 600,000000 600,000
Sweden 000885,054 885,054
UNICEF 1,200,000000 1,200,000
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 0007,701,505 7,701,505
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs 369,392000 369,392
United States of America 19,238,3310036,300,000 55,538,331
Ethiopia subtotal 46,333,7170045,758,036 92,091,753
Kenya
Canada 0003,717,472 3,717,472
European Union 5,271,473000 5,271,473
France 200,000000 200,000
Germany 566,251004,146,919 4,713,171
Japan 1,938,000000 1,938,000
Netherlands 453,500000 453,500
Private donors in Canada 199,11300371 199,484
Private donors in Germany 81,301000 81,301
Private donors in Qatar 2,054,735000 2,054,735
Private donors in Spain 69,914000 69,914
Private donors in the Netherlands 1,051,447000 1,051,447
Private donors in the Republic of Korea 260,391000 260,391
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 69,558000 69,558
Private donors in the United States of America 468,51400314,279 782,793
Sweden 173,793000 173,793
Switzerland 1,775,148000 1,775,148
UN Peacebuilding Fund 333,333000 333,333
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 8,543,012000 8,543,012
United States of America 4,295,0500037,100,000 41,395,050
Kenya subtotal 27,804,5330045,279,041 73,083,574
Somalia
Austria 001,201,9230 1,201,923
Belgium 001,422,0710 1,422,071
Canada 000557,621 557,621
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 2,074,1930775,8410 2,850,034
European Union 1,560,2212,536,137433,9860 4,530,344
France 651,466001,085,776 1,737,242
Germany 1,127,39601,127,3960 2,254,791
Italy 000291,946 291,946
Japan 4,859,0504,921,913556,400206,637 10,544,000
Private donors in Germany 0001,060,445 1,060,445
Private donors in Italy 00096 96
Private donors in Japan 00349,6250 349,625
Private donors in Qatar 1,250,000000 1,250,000
Private donors in Switzerland 000116,728 116,728
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 786,0000214,0000 1,000,000
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 000244,798 244,798
Private donors in the United States of America 195,000018,216967 214,183
Saudi Arabia 2,404,000000 2,404,000
Sweden 0001,106,317 1,106,317
UN Peacebuilding Fund 0500,00000 500,000
UN-Habitat 00115,0000 115,000
United States of America 007,980,00013,600,000 21,580,000
Somalia subtotal 14,907,3257,958,05014,194,45818,271,332 55,331,165
South Sudan
Canada 0001,040,892 1,040,892
European Union 8,094,75502,783,0340 10,877,789
Germany 00566,2510 566,251
Intergovernmental Authority on Development 418,491000 418,491
Japan 4,876,00000896,218 5,772,218
Luxembourg 000366,109 366,109
Private donors in Australia 000227,353 227,353
Private donors in Germany 0002,829,680 2,829,680
Private donors in Italy 000295,275 295,275
Private donors in Japan 1,410,444000 1,410,444
Private donors in Qatar 1,768,438000 1,768,438
Private donors in Spain 00016,287 16,287
Private donors in Sweden 000520 520
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 13,7500031 13,781
Private donors in the United States of America 192,799001,090,836 1,283,634
United States of America 00050,033,788 50,033,788
South Sudan subtotal 16,774,67703,349,28556,796,988 76,920,951
Sudan
Canada 0001,338,290 1,338,290
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 3,602,637068,3030 3,670,940
Common Humanitarian Fund Sudan 1,028,8150558,0840 1,586,899
Denmark 1,000,000000 1,000,000
European Union 7,537,543000 7,537,543
Germany 4,194,370000 4,194,370
Intergovernmental Authority on Development 152,873000 152,873
Japan 1,871,9760605,054106,970 2,584,000
Luxembourg 000156,904 156,904
Netherlands 989,601000 989,601
Norway 592,979000 592,979
Private donors in Italy 005340 534
Private donors in Qatar 1,153,057000 1,153,057
Private donors in the Netherlands 1,293,797000 1,293,797
Private donors in the United States of America 504001,975 2,479
Republic of Korea 291,311000 291,311
Sweden 0001,106,317 1,106,317
Switzerland 2,164,308000 2,164,308
UNDP 1,394,426000 1,394,426
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 7,426,045000 7,426,045
United Nations Darfur Fund 00242,7610 242,761
United States of America 13,800,0000030,300,000 44,100,000
Sudan subtotal 48,494,24301,474,73633,010,456 82,979,435
Uganda
Australia 3,728,561000 3,728,561
Austria 1,802,885000 1,802,885
Belgium 986,652000 986,652
Canada 0002,288,913 2,288,913
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 4,651,651000 4,651,651
Denmark 4,475,101000 4,475,101
European Union 15,499,3650011,418,269 26,917,635
Finland 0001,067,236 1,067,236
France 150,000000 150,000
Germany 16,360,286000 16,360,286
Holy See 0005,000 5,000
Intergovernmental Authority on Development 246,799000 246,799
Ireland 1,880,745000 1,880,745
Italy 1,046,025000 1,046,025
Japan 6,584,000000 6,584,000
Netherlands 1,137,656000 1,137,656
Norway 2,478,349000 2,478,349
Private donors in Australia 742,78200145,192 887,974
Private donors in Canada 175,89000244 176,134
Private donors in Germany 315,500000 315,500
Private donors in Ireland 000120 120
Private donors in Italy 512,738003,693 516,431
Private donors in Qatar 1,441,309000 1,441,309
Private donors in Switzerland 47,1830048,440 95,623
Private donors in Uganda 0005,370 5,370
Private donors in the Republic of Korea 00014,909 14,909
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 000788 788
Private donors in the United States of America 1,447,106001,410,234 2,857,340
Republic of Korea 2,229,667000 2,229,667
Sweden 1,785,219000 1,785,219
Switzerland 986,193000 986,193
United Arab Emirates 1,592,117000 1,592,117
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14,349,902000 14,349,902
United States of America 68,737,6650047,700,000 116,437,665
Uganda subtotal 155,391,3450064,108,409 219,499,754
Total 333,151,3257,958,05019,118,475352,139,452 712,367,302
Note: