Southern Africa

Operational information on the Southern Africa subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

| Angola | Botswana | Comoros| Eswatini | Lesotho | Madagascar | Malawi | Mauritius | Mozambique | Namibia | Seychelles | South Africa | Zambia | Zimbabwe|

Subregion: Southern Africa

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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Southern Africa

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2017 {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"budget":[90.53469772,83.47195826,71.78563246,74.338103542,76.47449221,113.36830576],"expenditure":[45.01012451,40.81416391,42.47998622,40.00321486,41.10263636,66.37558515]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[85.58304644,78.75916229,69.95513627,72.322737383,74.67262645,111.88847664],"p2":[2.96529718,2.88589154,1.13994119,1.481945159,1.80186576,1.47982912],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[1.9863541,1.82690443,0.690555,0.533421,null,null]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[43.11009869,39.3400451,41.60175533,38.70577751,40.03893561,65.42664959],"p2":[0.59783381,0.80027509,0.53033177,0.8125094,1.06370075,0.94893556],"p3":[null,null,null,null,null,null],"p4":[1.30219201,0.67384372,0.34789912,0.48492795,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2017

[["Refugees",197722],["Asylum-seekers",281966],["IDPs",15128],["Returned refugees",6287],["Others of concern",25924]]
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Response in 2017

In 2017, Southern Africa subregion hosted over 527,000 people of concern to UNHCR, including nearly 198,000 refugees and about 282,000 asylum-seekers mainly from the Central Africa and Great Lakes, East and Horn of Africa and Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries.
 
In 2017, there was an overall increase of six per cent in people of concern in the subregion mainly due to the influx of refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to neighbouring Angola and Zambia but also to other countries in the subregion. As of end of 2017, Southern Africa hosted nearly 178,000 Congolese refugees. UNHCR and its partners implemented comprehensive refugee responses to provide life-saving protection and humanitarian support to some 39,000 new arrivals in Angola and to nearly 13,000 in Zambia.
 
A tripartite agreement between the Governments of Malawi and Mozambique and UNHCR to repatriate some 3,000 Mozambican asylum-seekers from Malawi was being finalized. Zimbabwe hosted over 8,000 Mozambicans. 
 
Although several countries in the subregion experienced economic growth, many were struggling with inequalities, poverty, seasonal floods, drought, food shortages, poor social protection, xenophobia and a high HIV/AIDS prevalence. Mixed movements continued to put a strain on national asylum systems and triggering restrictive migration and refugee policies in the region.
 
While nearly all countries are parties to international and regional refugee instruments, most still have reservations regarding freedom of movement and access to employment keeping refugees mainly in camps and settlements.
 
UNHCR continued to advocate for accession to and ratification of international and/or regional instruments on refugees, internally displaced people and stateless persons as well as for lifting reservations to these instruments; support the development of national legal frameworks. In close cooperation with governments, the Office continued to advocate for the prevention of xenophobia; improve the protection of refugees and asylum-seekers within mixed movement, particularly within SADC. In addition, the Office continued to promote alternatives to detention; find comprehensive solutions particularly to protracted refugee situations and former refugees still hosted by asylum countries; improve standards of assistance through empowerment of refugees, self-reliance, livelihoods and implementation of cash-based interventions; and promote the implementation of the global action plan to end statelessness by 2024.
 
UNHCR pursued a Multi-Year, Multi-Partner protection and solutions strategy for 2018-2021 to ensure that governments, with support of UNHCR and other stakeholders, assume responsibility for refugees, asylum-seekers and stateless persons. Furthermore, Angola, Malawi, and Mozambique have expressed their support and cooperation for applying the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF). In 2017, Zambia became the first country in the Southern Africa region to roll out the CRRF.

Operations

The Indian Ocean Island States do not host significant numbers of people of concern to UNHCR. UNHCR continued to monitor the situation mainly through partners and periodic missions. UNHCR encouraged Comoros and Mauritius to accede to international refugee and statelessness instruments as well as to establish referral mechanism to coordinate the management of asylum-seekers, refugees and stateless persons. Seychelles has requested UNHCR’s technical support in drafting a national legal asylum framework that could serve as a model for other Indian Ocean Island States. Seychelles has also shown interest in acceding to statelessness conventions.
 
Lesotho hosted 87 people of concern. UNHCR continued to build the authorities’ capacity on refugee status determination and management of refugees and asylum-seekers.
 
Madagascar hosted 107 refugees and asylum-seekers. UNHCR continued to support Madagascar in the management of refugees and asylum-seekers through the provision of social and legal assistance through a partner. In February 2017, the Government promulgated an amendment to the nationality law granting men and women equal rights to pass on their nationality to their children, thereby removing gender discrimination as a cause for statelessness.
 
Namibia hosted nearly 4,150 refugees and asylum-seekers in Osire Refugee Settlement and in urban areas. In line with phase out strategy, UNHCR provided shelter, food and core relief items through its local implementing partner and supported the Government in absorbing the assistance activities. UNHCR also assisted the Government in the local integration of some 1,700 former Angolan refugees who are in the process of receiving residence permits.
 
UNHCR provided protection and assistance to some 1,350 refugees and asylum-seekers residing in Malindza Reception Centre and in urban areas in Swaziland. The new Refugee Act was passed by the Parliament and assented by the King in 2017. Swaziland has requested UNHCR’s technical support in drafting regulation giving effect to the changes and institutions established under the new legislation.

Operational Environment and Strategy 


The Southern Africa subregion hosts more than 1.6 million refugees and asylum-seekers, mainly from the Great Lakes region, East and Horn of Africa and Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) countries. 

The subregion continues to enjoy relative peace and stability. However, the aftermath of disputed elections in Mozambique in 2015 continues to displace people, mainly to Malawi and to a lesser extent to Zimbabwe. 

Although several countries in the subregion are experiencing economic growth, many are still challenged by social inequalities, poverty, seasonal floods, drought, food shortages, poor social protection, xenophobia and a high HIV/AIDS prevalence. Mixed migratory flows are straining national asylum systems and triggering restrictive migration and refugee policies in the broader region. 

While nearly all countries are parties to international and regional refugee instruments, most still have reservations regarding freedom of movement and access to employment, with refugee movements mainly restricted to camps and settlements. 

UNHCR will advocate for accession to and ratification of international and regional instruments on refugees, stateless people, and internally displaced people, as well as for lifting reservations to these instruments; support the development of national legal frameworks; advocate in close cooperation with governments for the prevention of xenophobia; improve the protection of refugees and asylum-seekers within mixed-migration movements particularly within SADC; promote alternatives to detention; find comprehensive solutions particularly to protracted refugee situations and former refugees still hosted by asylum countries; improve standards of assistance through empowerment of refugees, self-reliance, livelihoods and implementation of cash-based interventions; and promote the implementation of the Global Action Plan to End Statelessness by 2024.


Response and Implementation


Operations in Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe are presented in country chapters.

The Indian Ocean Island States of Comoros, Mauritius and Seychelles do not host significant numbers of refugees and asylum-seekers. UNHCR continues to monitor the situation, mainly through partners and periodic missions. Seychelles has requested UNHCR’s technical support in drafting a national legal asylum framework. This could serve as a model for other Indian Ocean Island States. Furthermore, Seychelles is committed to acceding to the Statelessness Conventions with technical support from UNHCR.

Lesotho hosts 43 people of concern who are largely self-reliant. UNHCR continues to advocate for the local integration of long-staying refugees, and providing capacity building to authorities on refugee status determination and management of refugees and asylum-seekers. 

Madagascar is hosting 61 refugees and asylum-seekers. UNHCR continues to support Madagascar in the management of refugees and asylum-seekers through the provision of social and legal assistance by an implementing partner. UNHCR also advocates and provides technical assistance in the ratification of statelessness conventions and adoption of a legislation on nationality. 

Namibia hosts over 3,000 refugees and asylum-seekers in Osire Refugee Settlement and in urban areas. In line with the phase out strategy, UNHCR provides shelter, food and core relief items through its local implementing partner and supports the government in absorbing the assistance activities. UNHCR also supports the Government in the local integration of 1,660 former Angolan refugees who are in the process of receiving residence permits. 

In Swaziland, UNHCR provides protection and assistance, mainly through a local implementing partner, to more than 1,000 refugees and asylum-seekers residing in Malindza Reception Centre and in urban areas. UNHCR also provides technical support to the Government in the finalization of the new refugee law and on statelessness issues.

2017 Budget and Expenditure in Southern Africa | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Angola Budget
Expenditure
36,642,183
19,442,005
0
0
0
0
0
0
36,642,183
19,442,005
Botswana Budget
Expenditure
3,076,320
1,874,740
0
0
0
0
0
0
3,076,320
1,874,740
Malawi Budget
Expenditure
18,118,080
6,878,982
0
0
0
0
0
0
18,118,080
6,878,982
Mozambique Budget
Expenditure
5,397,322
3,237,076
125,626
16,892
0
0
0
0
5,522,948
3,253,968
South Africa Regional Office Budget
Expenditure
24,518,777
15,281,528
922,109
695,838
0
0
0
0
25,440,886
15,977,366
Zambia Budget
Expenditure
13,609,910
11,873,961
0
0
0
0
0
0
13,609,910
11,873,961
Zimbabwe Budget
Expenditure
10,525,885
6,838,357
432,094
236,206
0
0
0
0
10,957,979
7,074,563
Total Budget
Expenditure
111,888,477
65,426,650
1,479,829
948,936
0
0
0
0
113,368,306
66,375,585

2017 Voluntary Contributions to Southern Africa | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
All
pillars
Total
Angola
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 5,585,8040 5,585,804
China 1,000,0000 1,000,000
Denmark 1,000,0000 1,000,000
Italy 313,8080 313,808
Portugal 58,9620 58,962
Private donors in Italy 2970 297
Private donors in the United States of America 530,0000 530,000
United Nations Population Fund 49,4910 49,491
United States of America 9,200,0003,000,000 12,200,000
Angola subtotal 17,738,3623,000,000 20,738,362
Botswana
Botswana 018,961 18,961
Private donors in Japan 85,7330 85,733
Botswana subtotal 85,73318,961 104,694
Malawi
Private donors in Japan 235,3730 235,373
Private donors in Sweden 150 15
UNAIDS 56,0000 56,000
Malawi subtotal 291,3890 291,389
Mozambique
UNAIDS 40,0000 40,000
WFP 142,6400 142,640
Mozambique subtotal 182,6400 182,640
South Africa Regional Office
Denmark 140,0000 140,000
Private donors in Switzerland 20,7770 20,777
South Africa 0147,382 147,382
UNAIDS 250,0000 250,000
South Africa Regional Office subtotal 410,777147,382 558,159
Zambia
Japan 1,293,0000 1,293,000
Private donors in Italy 39,6920 39,692
UNAIDS 35,0000 35,000
United States of America 500,0001,300,000 1,800,000
Zambia subtotal 1,867,6921,300,000 3,167,692
Zimbabwe
China 1,000,0000 1,000,000
Private donors in Japan 54,6230 54,623
Zimbabwe subtotal 1,054,6230 1,054,623
Total 21,631,2154,466,343 26,097,559
Note: