Middle East

Operational information on the Middle East subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

| Bahrain | Iraq | Israel | Jordan |Kuwait | Lebanon | Oman | Qatar | Saudi Arabia| Syrian Arab Republic | United Arab Emirates | Yemen |

 

Subregion: Middle East

{"longitude":51.9375,"latitude":32.5468,"zoom_level":4}

Latest update of camps and office locations 21  Nov  2016. By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.


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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Middle East

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2016 {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016],"budget":[695.851374562,1445.38803915,1767.45606157,1956.138243929,1911.753328647],"expenditure":[431.06647686,961.25416817,1099.48857212,1059.45956475,1212.9320557]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016],"p1":[453.287096122,1060.74997701,1071.29315117,1171.649811879,1074.174511887],"p2":[3.21056639,3.74482986,3.83262054,3.89799389,2.28713136],"p3":[29.91426377,27.30414868,39.59885527,35.76378805,26.70785472],"p4":[209.43944828,353.5890836,652.73143459,744.82665011,808.58383068]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016],"p1":[287.74575398,691.76318386,712.10525101,715.5914882,751.4589796],"p2":[1.08610169,1.35669238,3.0784008,2.16809421,1.48631248],"p3":[22.86569699,14.49497183,10.53576239,11.32961956,1.89021959],"p4":[119.3689242,253.6393201,373.76915792,330.37036278,458.09654403]}
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People of Concern - 2016

[["Refugees",2252789],["Refugee-like situation",32542],["Asylum-seekers",96190],["IDPs",11955323],["Returned IDPs",2971074],["Returned refugees",159],["Stateless",372442],["Others of concern",21391]]
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Response in 2016

In 2016, complex and multiple armed conflicts in the Middle East resulted in increased internal displacement as well as displacement across borders. As of end 2016, there were 6.3 million Syrians, 3 million Iraqis internally displaced, as well as nearly 4.9 million Syrian refugees and more than 245,000 Iraqi refugees in the subregion.
 
Despite the challenging operational context, UNHCR, as part of the Whole of Syria response, provided core relief items to more than 4.1 million people in Syria. Protection and community services interventions including child protection services and sexual and gender-based violence prevention and response activities reached more than two million internally displaced people (IDPs).

UNHCR, together with UNDP, led the Regional refugee and resilience plan (3RP) to address the protection and assistance needs of Syrian refugees as well as the most vulnerable members of host communities.

In Iraq, UNHCR and its partners scaled up activities in the governorates of Anbar, Kirkuk, Ninewa and Salah al-Din to respond to increasing displacement. UNHCR built eight additional camps and provided emergency material and protection assistance to people displaced in and around Mosul. UNHCR also worked to ensure that displaced Iraqis have access to civil documentation and information about the situation in their places of origin.
In Yemen,    conditions on the ground significantly deteriorated after close to two years of conflict. UNHCR continued to advocate for the preservation of protection space and access to basic services for refugees and asylum seekers, paying particular attention to people with specific needs. UNHCR also maintained the protection footprint for IDPs, including in its Protection Cluster and Shelter/NFI/CCCM leadership role. UNHCR also targeted the newly displaced, providing emergency shelter, non-food items, as well as a focus on cash-based assistance.
 

Operations

Operations in IraqIsraelJordanLebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen are presented in separate country pages.

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries hosted millions of third-country nationals, some of whom originate from refugee-producing countries. 

While there is no national legislation to govern the treatment of refugees and asylum-seekers in the six countries of the GCC, constructive engagement with authorities throughout the region has enabled UNHCR to identify durable solutions for the most vulnerable. The protection needs of Syrian nationals in Bahrain, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia were closely monitored. There were several positive developments with respect to legal pathways in GCC countries, in particular with the introduction of decrees that ease restrictions on certain nationals and expand access to services.

The number of asylum applications lodged by people residing in GCC countries increased during the last two years due to an increasingly complex regional security climate and spontaneous changes in employment status.

Regarding statelessness, there have been few developments.
2,388 Number of personnel (international and national)
43 Number of offices
1,872 million Overall funding requirements USD (ExCom-approved 2016 budget)
 

Operational Environment and Strategy


As the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) progresses into its fifth year, most of the 4 million Syrian refugees in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt see no prospect of returning home in the near future. Inside Syria, the situation is deteriorating rapidly, and some 7.6 million people are internally displaced.

Similarly, the ongoing conflict in Iraq has resulted in the internal displacement of some 3.2 million people, and an exodus of over 205,000 refugees to neighbouring countries.

Syrian and Iraqi refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs) in the region are becoming increasingly vulnerable and impoverished as conflict persists. In the second half of 2015, Europe saw a dramatic increase in refugee arrivals that is expected to continue into 2016. This evolving crisis has galvanized international consensus on the need for interlinked development and humanitarian efforts. In 2016, UNHCR will continue to advocate for strengthened protection space in host countries and increased resettlement.

The humanitarian situation in Yemen also deteriorated further in 2015, aggravated by ongoing instability throughout the country. Since March 2015, over 2.3 million people were displaced internally and over 122,000 people fled the country, prompting the declaration of a system-wide Level 3 emergency. At the same time, some 59,000 individuals from other countries arrived in Yemen in the first nine months of 2015 in search of safety, protection and better opportunities. The diverse and complex mixed movements from and to Yemen pose a challenge in the immediate neighbouring countries and beyond. UNHCR will continue to provide life-sustaining assistance, register new arrivals, conduct refugee status determination, and undertake detention monitoring and resettlement processing.


Response and Implementation


Operations in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen are presented in separate country chapters. For other countries where UNHCR operates in the subregion, please see below.

In Israel, there are approximately 45,000 individuals of concern to UNHCR. The Office will continue to work with the Government and civil society to promote measures to enhance protection, including by promoting access to legal status and rights associated with asylum, and advocating for measures to enhance protection.

The countries of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf are host to millions of foreign workers, many originating from refugee-producing countries. Additionally, hundreds of thousands of Yemenis who had previously crossed irregularly into Saudi Arabia have now regularized their status. Accordingly, UNHCR will pursue a multi-sectoral approach to protection, through capacity-building, advocacy for non-refoulement and durable solutions, in close coordination and partnership with relevant governments and other stakeholders.

From its Regional Office in Saudi Arabia (which covers Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates), and its offices in Abu Dhabi and Kuwait, UNHCR will continue to raise awareness about its mandate and activities in support of refugees and stateless people and to promote a culture of transparency and shared responsibility, with the aim of mobilizing resources for its operations from both the public and private sectors.

2016 Budget and Expenditure in Middle East | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Iraq Budget
Expenditure
116,487,674
98,771,582
804,241
308,237
26,707,855
1,890,220
402,946,185
237,055,646
546,945,954
338,025,685
Israel Budget
Expenditure
3,079,904
2,672,439
0
0
0
0
0
0
3,079,904
2,672,439
Jordan Budget
Expenditure
318,803,538
218,328,800
0
0
0
0
0
0
318,803,538
218,328,800
Lebanon Budget
Expenditure
462,446,931
350,041,934
975,064
804,911
0
0
0
0
463,421,995
350,846,845
Saudi Arabia Regional Office Budget
Expenditure
4,261,371
3,243,318
225,565
186,954
0
0
0
0
4,486,936
3,430,272
Syrian Arab Republic Budget
Expenditure
52,750,132
23,572,702
194,642
109,320
0
0
262,745,620
113,817,921
315,690,394
137,499,943
Syrian Regional Refugee Coordination Office Budget
Expenditure
28,403,396
23,093,351
0
0
0
0
67,799,722
58,273,736
96,203,118
81,367,087
United Arab Emirates Budget
Expenditure
2,674,303
2,290,861
87,620
76,890
0
0
0
0
2,761,923
2,367,751
Yemen Budget
Expenditure
48,970,754
27,284,663
0
0
0
0
75,092,305
48,949,241
124,063,058
76,233,904
Regional activities Budget
Expenditure
36,296,509
2,159,328
0
0
0
0
0
0
36,296,509
2,159,328
Total Budget
Expenditure
1,074,174,512
751,458,980
2,287,131
1,486,312
26,707,855
1,890,220
808,583,831
458,096,544
1,911,753,329
1,212,932,056

2016 Voluntary Contributions to Middle East | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 4
IDP projects
All
pillars
Total
Middle East overall
Andorra 0016,816 16,816
Australia 3,541,07600 3,541,076
Canada 12,758,57300 12,758,573
Czech Republic 202,50800 202,508
Denmark 003,807,493 3,807,493
Ecuador 002,500 2,500
Finland 3,963,76000 3,963,760
Germany 0079,965,032 79,965,032
Holy See 15,00000 15,000
Iceland 002,400,000 2,400,000
Japan 1,833,01300 1,833,013
Latvia 54,82500 54,825
Liechtenstein 00200,626 200,626
Luxembourg 00714,286 714,286
Monaco 0032,787 32,787
Netherlands 009,994,439 9,994,439
Norway 0030,982,260 30,982,260
Philippines 5,00000 5,000
Poland 00260,322 260,322
Private donors in Australia 002,772,164 2,772,164
Private donors in Austria 0045,231 45,231
Private donors in Bangladesh 1,06100 1,061
Private donors in Canada 71,3270286,830 358,156
Private donors in China 00178,313 178,313
Private donors in Egypt 55900 559
Private donors in France 4990163,273 163,773
Private donors in Germany 001,592,357 1,592,357
Private donors in India 4,7490218 4,967
Private donors in Ireland 008,650 8,650
Private donors in Italy 00136,575 136,575
Private donors in Japan 00247,500 247,500
Private donors in Mexico 004,324 4,324
Private donors in Philippines 009,584 9,584
Private donors in Saudi Arabia 33,095050,000 83,095
Private donors in Singapore 18,006038,935 56,941
Private donors in Spain 00348,422 348,422
Private donors in Sweden 001,162,793 1,162,793
Private donors in Switzerland 60802,075,341 2,075,949
Private donors in Thailand 0024,711 24,711
Private donors in Turkey 6,7570136 6,892
Private donors in the Netherlands 219023,249 23,468
Private donors in the Republic of Korea 001,528,770 1,528,770
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 91,2360211,843 303,080
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 137,5230454,589 592,112
Private donors in the United States of America 148,12702,617,892 2,766,019
Russian Federation 300,00000 300,000
Slovakia 00170,068 170,068
Slovenia 0033,520 33,520
Spain 23,639060,491 84,130
Sweden 5,778,19600 5,778,196
United States of America 00173,900,000 173,900,000
Middle East overall subtotal 28,989,3540316,522,341 345,511,695
Iraq
Australia 02,288,3302,600 2,290,930
Belgium 2,218,213380,4350 2,598,648
Bulgaria 053,0790 53,079
Canada 2,891,94300 2,891,943
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 07,354,0110 7,354,011
China 2,000,00000 2,000,000
Common Humanitarian Fund Sudan 05,196,1620 5,196,162
Czech Republic 816,327196,2320 1,012,559
Denmark 002,853,881 2,853,881
European Union 223,74512,028,2510 12,251,996
Finland 002,165,324 2,165,324
France 01,833,7870 1,833,787
Germany 11,337,86826,728,1080 38,065,976
Italy 02,581,1480 2,581,148
Japan 7,410,00011,000,0000 18,410,000
Kuwait 08,000,0000 8,000,000
Luxembourg 0273,2240 273,224
Poland 0853,7210 853,721
Private donors in Australia 00139,510 139,510
Private donors in Canada 014,78219,837 34,619
Private donors in China 055,9861,482 57,468
Private donors in France 02390 239
Private donors in Germany 001,114,827 1,114,827
Private donors in Italy 0431,0860 431,086
Private donors in Japan 0639,8170 639,817
Private donors in Philippines 01730 173
Private donors in Sweden 0011,740 11,740
Private donors in the Netherlands 3,222,73700 3,222,737
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 100,00082,0000 182,000
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 045,6440 45,644
Private donors in the United States of America 0144,477598,665 743,142
Republic of Korea 00500,000 500,000
Spain 95,16979,2780 174,447
Sweden 02,265,3891,591,772 3,857,161
Switzerland 762,195762,1950 1,524,390
UN Department of Political Affairs 2,935,03500 2,935,035
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2,201,83512,606,3060 14,808,140
United States of America 26,163,97800 26,163,978
Iraq subtotal 62,379,04595,893,8588,999,638 167,272,541
Israel
UNAIDS 0053,500 53,500
Israel subtotal 0053,500 53,500
Jordan
Belgium 2,210,21300 2,210,213
Canada 12,724,55100 12,724,551
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 992,93000 992,930
Czech Republic 1,649,48500 1,649,485
Estonia 39,10600 39,106
European Union 13,432,18500 13,432,185
France 3,401,36100 3,401,361
Germany 22,675,73700 22,675,737
Italy 1,239,13000 1,239,130
Japan 11,430,00000 11,430,000
Luxembourg 00549,451 549,451
Malta 28,34500 28,345
Norway 6,046,35600 6,046,356
PRIV DONORS UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 242,48100 242,481
Private donors in Canada 673,8550605 674,460
Private donors in Egypt 30000 300
Private donors in Germany 124,0140222,965 346,979
Private donors in Italy 224,90300 224,903
Private donors in Kuwait 36,18500 36,185
Private donors in Malaysia 7,67600 7,676
Private donors in Qatar 120,00000 120,000
Private donors in Saudi Arabia 59100 591
Private donors in Singapore 20,77000 20,770
Private donors in Switzerland 361,113037,868 398,981
Private donors in Tunisia 19,66100 19,661
Private donors in the Netherlands 0027,412 27,412
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 2,678,12400 2,678,124
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 152,12100 152,121
Private donors in the United States of America 2,551,69000 2,551,690
Saudi Arabia 4,200,00000 4,200,000
Spain 2,707,76800 2,707,768
Switzerland 1,791,96400 1,791,964
UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict 38,52000 38,520
UNAIDS 0053,500 53,500
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 23,885,28100 23,885,281
United Nations Population Fund 11,52700 11,527
United States of America 70,412,06900 70,412,069
Jordan subtotal 186,130,0110891,801 187,021,812
Lebanon
Austria 3,397,50800 3,397,508
Canada 17,351,66100 17,351,661
Estonia 44,69300 44,693
European Union 56,181,20100 56,181,201
France 5,932,14603,715,499 9,647,645
Germany 22,675,73700 22,675,737
Italy 2,185,85800 2,185,858
Japan 2,760,00000 2,760,000
Kuwait 7,960,00000 7,960,000
Lebanon Recovery Fund 495,00000 495,000
Luxembourg 00439,560 439,560
Malta 28,34500 28,345
Norway 13,711,67700 13,711,677
PRIV DONORS UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 99,08400 99,084
Private donors in Canada 36,736011,161 47,897
Private donors in Italy 194,54200 194,542
Private donors in Lebanon 7,19400 7,194
Private donors in Qatar 50,00000 50,000
Private donors in Saudi Arabia 647,36600 647,366
Private donors in Sweden 10,50500 10,505
Private donors in Switzerland 312,4010874 313,275
Private donors in the Netherlands 28,94600 28,946
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 6,250,00000 6,250,000
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 128,19400 128,194
Private donors in the United States of America 1,018,0650440,543 1,458,608
Qatar 496,16400 496,164
Republic of Korea 500,00000 500,000
Romania 62,00700 62,007
Saudi Arabia 1,013,12500 1,013,125
Spain 1,850,81200 1,850,812
Switzerland 1,791,96400 1,791,964
UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict 56,50000 56,500
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 47,943,72300 47,943,723
United States of America 113,355,95300 113,355,953
Lebanon subtotal 308,577,10604,607,637 313,184,743
Regional activities
Italy 98,02000 98,020
Regional activities subtotal 98,02000 98,020
Saudi Arabia Regional Office
Kuwait 00106,762 106,762
Saudi Arabia Regional Office subtotal 00106,762 106,762
Syrian Arab Republic
Canada 09,730,5390 9,730,539
European Union 06,657,4580 6,657,458
Finland 01,132,5030 1,132,503
Germany 022,675,7370 22,675,737
Japan 05,000,0000 5,000,000
Norway 08,341,7600 8,341,760
OPEC Fund for International Development 0300,0000 300,000
Private donors in Egypt 0265,3930 265,393
Private donors in Germany 02,809,1160 2,809,116
Private donors in Italy 013,334923,968 937,302
Private donors in Qatar 1,847,24300 1,847,243
Private donors in Sweden 0191,3080 191,308
Private donors in the United States of America 733280,7130 281,445
Republic of Korea 01,000,0000 1,000,000
Russian Federation 0500,0000 500,000
Sweden 01,836,6600 1,836,660
Switzerland 0508,1300 508,130
United States of America 060,266,0000 60,266,000
Syrian Arab Republic subtotal 1,847,976121,508,649923,968 124,280,594
Syrian Regional Refugee Coordination Office
United States of America 020,144,0000 20,144,000
Syrian Regional Refugee Coordination Office subtotal 020,144,0000 20,144,000
Yemen
Canada 00823,970 823,970
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 02,890,5370 2,890,537
Common Humanitarian Fund Sudan 02,264,9230 2,264,923
European Union 006,701,419 6,701,419
Japan 1,284,1702,215,8300 3,500,000
Private donors in Germany 00408,163 408,163
Private donors in Qatar 771,20300 771,203
Saudi Arabia 05,767,6650 5,767,665
Sweden 02,081,5480 2,081,548
Switzerland 001,003,009 1,003,009
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2,534,7731,965,2280 4,500,000
United States of America 7,900,0003,600,00017,300,000 28,800,000
Yemen subtotal 12,490,14620,785,73026,236,562 59,512,437
Total 600,511,659258,332,237358,342,209 1,217,186,105
Note: