Middle East

Operational information on the Middle East subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:

| Bahrain | Iraq | Israel | Jordan |Kuwait | Lebanon | Omar | Qatar | Saudi Arabia| Syrian Arab Republic | United Arab Emirates | Yemen |


Subregion: Middle East


Latest update of camps and office locations 21  Nov  2016. By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.

  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017

Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Middle East

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2015 {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"budget":[695.851374562,1445.38803915,1767.45606157,1956.138243929,1911.74682865,1872.4301693],"expenditure":[431.06647686,961.25416817,1099.48857212,1059.45956475,null,null]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[453.287096122,1060.74997701,1071.29315117,1171.649811879,1074.16801189,1067.43484566],"p2":[3.21056639,3.74482986,3.83262054,3.89799389,2.28713136,1.61649358],"p3":[29.91426377,27.30414868,39.59885527,35.76378805,26.70785472,null],"p4":[209.43944828,353.5890836,652.73143459,744.82665011,808.58383068,803.37883006]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[287.74575398,691.76318386,712.10525101,715.5914882,null,null],"p2":[1.08610169,1.35669238,3.0784008,2.16809421,null,null],"p3":[22.86569699,14.49497183,10.53576239,11.32961956,null,null],"p4":[119.3689242,253.6393201,373.76915792,330.37036278,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2017 [projected]

[["Refugees",2284817],["Asylum-seekers",143258],["IDPs",13714000],["Returned IDPs",1586000],["Returned refugees",33000],["Stateless",372212],["Others of concern",6500]]
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Operational environment and strategy

The situation in the Middle East subregion remains complex and volatile; with the conflicts in Iraq, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen triggering massive levels of displacement as millions of people flee in search of safety.
Now in its sixth year, the conflict in Syrian Arab Republic has resulted in the internal displacement of over 6.1 million people, with nearly 4.8 million having fled to the neighbouring countries of Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt. Intense fighting in the northern parts of the Syrian Arab Republic has led to a large number of civilian casualties and the displacement of over 400,000 people since the beginning of 2016. The deteriorating security environment significantly impacted the humanitarian situation, and limited the ability of United Nations agencies and their partners to deliver much-needed humanitarian relief. In particular, the humanitarian situation in the city of Aleppo and its surroundings has deteriorated severely in 2016. In Iraq, the ongoing conflict has led to a further deterioration of the humanitarian crisis and successive waves of mass displacement. More than 3.2 million people have been internally displaced since January 2014 and there are over 240,000 Iraqi refugees in the region. Since the start of the offensive in Mosul on 17 October 2016, over 90,000 individuals have been displaced. In Yemen, the already precarious situation deteriorated drastically in 2016; 8 out of 10 people in Yemen are in need of humanitarian assistance. Security constraints and bureaucratic impediments severely hampered humanitarian assistance.
In addition to providing access to public services, some host countries made notable progress on policy and regulation changes in 2016, particularly in the areas of livelihood opportunities and education for refugees. However, protracted displacement also has a significant impact on the hosting countries. Despite the generosity of host governments and communities, displaced people across the region are becoming increasingly vulnerable and impoverished as the conflicts persist. In Lebanon, 70 per cent of Syrian refugees are living below the poverty line and in Jordan, 90 per cent of registered Syrian refugees who live in urban areas are below the national poverty line. Furthermore, the multiplicity of crisis in and around the region pushes people fleeing conflict to seek refuge in countries also affected by war. War-torn Yemen continues to be a destination country for new arrivals from Somalia. 
In 2017, UNHCR will continue to prioritize the provision of life-saving assistance and protection to internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees across the Middle East. In Syria and Iraq, UNHCR will continue to support the implementation of the Humanitarian Response Plans, leading the Protection, Non-Food Items (NFI) and Shelter, and Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) sectors. As part of the whole-of-Syria approach, UNHCR will maximize the delivery of assistance and protection through cross-border and cross-line interventions to ensure those in besieged and hard-to reach areas can be reached. UNHCR will continue to work closely with governments and partners, co-leading the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) to address the protection and assistance needs of Syrian refugees, as well as the most vulnerable members of host communities. In order to support the countries bearing the financial and social costs of the refugee crisis, UNHCR will continue to garner support of the international community including through increased resettlement commitments and other forms of humanitarian admission. In war-torn countries hosting refugees such as Yemen, UNHCR will also explore assisted spontaneous return options for people in need of international protection, when appropriate. Across the region, notably in Israel and the Gulf countries, UNHCR will continue targeted advocacy and media interventions as well as capacity building initiatives, to promote acceptance of asylum seekers and refugees. 

Response and implementation

Operations in Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen are presented in separate country chapters. For other countries where UNHCR operates in the subregion, please see below.

In the Gulf region (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates), UNHCR will seek new partnerships with governments and the private sector while also working to advance engagement, cooperation and coordination with local organizations. In parallel, the Office will continue to strengthen its ties with regional bodies, including the Gulf Cooperation Council, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the League of Arab States as well as respective associated sub-organs. While GCC countries are not signatories to the 1951 Convention and its 1967 Protocol and there are no legislative or administrative provisions which particularly govern refugees, the region adopts a policy of generosity and tolerance. There are almost 5,000 refugees and asylum seekers registered with UNHCR in the region. In addition, the six countries play host to millions of migrant workers from a diverse set of countries, many of which originate from refugee-producing countries. UNHCR works closely with authorities to enhance protection interventions and ease restrictions for humanitarian cases when applicable.

2017 Budget for Middle East | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Iraq 137,529,390623,7390418,940,632557,093,761
Israel 3,731,9720003,731,972
Jordan 277,212,606000277,212,606
Lebanon 462,387,386606,29700462,993,683
Saudi Arabia Regional Office 4,958,487175,288005,133,775
Syrian Arab Republic 47,800,000211,1700303,988,899352,000,068
Syrian Regional Refugee Coordination Office 19,217,3210030,079,61749,296,938
United Arab Emirates 3,618,9790003,618,979
Yemen 49,199,5450050,369,68399,569,228
Regional activities 61,779,15900061,779,159
Total 1,067,434,8461,616,4940803,378,8301,872,430,169

2017 Voluntary Contributions to Middle East | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Middle East overall
Denmark 001,000,000 1,000,000
Finland 005,336,179 5,336,179
Germany 009,876,956 9,876,956
Iceland 00220,000 220,000
Norway 003,510,825 3,510,825
Private donors in Australia 00232,174 232,174
Private donors in Austria 310463 494
Private donors in Bangladesh 00278 278
Private donors in Canada 32,834034,179 67,013
Private donors in China 0027,193 27,193
Private donors in Egypt 16800 168
Private donors in France 00838 838
Private donors in Germany 001,600,854 1,600,854
Private donors in Greece 001,685 1,685
Private donors in India 00523 523
Private donors in Italy 0027,130 27,130
Private donors in Japan 002,321 2,321
Private donors in Monaco 0031,381 31,381
Private donors in Philippines 004,624 4,624
Private donors in Qatar 001,000 1,000
Private donors in Singapore 007,128 7,128
Private donors in Spain 0011,942 11,942
Private donors in Sweden 0072,721 72,721
Private donors in Switzerland 00735,369 735,369
Private donors in Thailand 009,877 9,877
Private donors in Turkey 8300 83
Private donors in the Netherlands 0015,580 15,580
Private donors in the Republic of Korea 00460,414 460,414
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 6,1320200,000 206,132
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 00172,138 172,138
Private donors in the United States of America 20,0000294,479 314,479
Slovenia 0033,520 33,520
Spain 13,92300 13,923
Sweden 003,318,951 3,318,951
United States of America 0078,200,000 78,200,000
Middle East overall subtotal 73,1720105,440,720 105,513,891
Austria 02,347,9190 2,347,919
Canada 3,396,22600 3,396,226
Germany 03,289,4740 3,289,474
Japan 2,607,60014,341,8000 16,949,400
Kuwait 6,575,00000 6,575,000
Lithuania 0042,965 42,965
Private donors in Australia 0033,543 33,543
Private donors in Brazil 02,0440 2,044
Private donors in France 01420 142
Private donors in Germany 074,2310 74,231
Private donors in Italy 012,7380 12,738
Private donors in Qatar 01,455,1670 1,455,167
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 0745,0000 745,000
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 027,8810 27,881
Private donors in the United States of America 040,0660 40,066
Spain 010,6720 10,672
Sweden 001,548,844 1,548,844
Switzerland 01,479,2900 1,479,290
United States of America 15,200,00000 15,200,000
Iraq subtotal 27,778,82623,826,4241,625,352 53,230,603
Australia 3,776,43500 3,776,435
Austria 1,387,40700 1,387,407
Canada 10,566,03800 10,566,038
Estonia 48,02600 48,026
European Union 9,414,22600 9,414,226
Germany 1,611,17100 1,611,171
Japan 5,948,57500 5,948,575
Norway 4,095,96300 4,095,963
PRIV DONORS INDONESIA 1,000,00000 1,000,000
Private donors in Austria 8000 80
Private donors in Canada 287,98900 287,989
Private donors in Germany 57,26400 57,264
Private donors in Italy 5300 53
Private donors in Kuwait 34,13800 34,138
Private donors in Singapore 100,00000 100,000
Private donors in Switzerland 131,29000 131,290
Private donors in the Netherlands 4,124,65100 4,124,651
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 29,02100 29,021
Private donors in the United States of America 121,69500 121,695
Saudi Arabia 3,930,00000 3,930,000
Spain 709,71200 709,712
Switzerland 986,19300 986,193
UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict 140,21300 140,213
United States of America 32,700,00000 32,700,000
Jordan subtotal 81,200,13900 81,200,139
Australia 2,265,86100 2,265,861
Canada 13,584,90600 13,584,906
Estonia 48,02600 48,026
European Union 13,775,30200 13,775,302
Japan 1,194,62500 1,194,625
Norway 4,095,96300 4,095,963
Private donors in Austria 0080 80
Private donors in Italy 111,4830318 111,801
Private donors in Singapore 132,70000 132,700
Private donors in the United States of America 10,34400 10,344
Spain 570,97100 570,971
Switzerland 986,19300 986,193
United States of America 63,200,00000 63,200,000
Lebanon subtotal 99,976,3730398 99,976,771
Regional activities
Italy 126,82300 126,823
Regional activities subtotal 126,82300 126,823
Syrian Arab Republic
Canada 07,473,8420 7,473,842
Finland 01,067,2360 1,067,236
Japan 08,894,9500 8,894,950
Norway 04,681,1000 4,681,100
Private donors in Germany 00126,723 126,723
Private donors in Qatar 01,768,4380 1,768,438
Private donors in Sweden 0273,4170 273,417
Private donors in the United States of America 07,5430 7,543
Saudi Arabia 05,000,0000 5,000,000
Spain 0533,6180 533,618
Sweden 01,659,4760 1,659,476
Switzerland 0493,0970 493,097
UNICEF 0871,7550 871,755
United States of America 035,000,0000 35,000,000
Syrian Arab Republic subtotal 067,724,470126,723 67,851,194
Syrian Regional Refugee Coordination Office
United States of America 009,000,000 9,000,000
Syrian Regional Refugee Coordination Office subtotal 009,000,000 9,000,000
United Arab Emirates
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 00126,000 126,000
United Arab Emirates subtotal 00126,000 126,000
Canada 001,486,989 1,486,989
Japan 5,719,2841,855,0910 7,574,375
Private donors in Germany 001,060,445 1,060,445
Private donors in Qatar 738,30300 738,303
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 0092 92
Saudi Arabia 04,661,8800 4,661,880
Sweden 01,659,4760 1,659,476
Switzerland 00986,193 986,193
United States of America 4,800,0005,000,0000 9,800,000
Yemen subtotal 11,257,58713,176,4473,533,719 27,967,753
Total 220,412,919104,727,341119,852,912 444,993,173