Middle East

Operational information on the Middle East subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

| Bahrain | Iraq | Israel | Jordan |Kuwait | Lebanon | Oman | Qatar | Saudi Arabia| Syrian Arab Republic | United Arab Emirates | Yemen |

 

Subregion: Middle East

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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Middle East

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2018 {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"budget":[1956.138243929,1911.753328647,2030.943688046,2243.50849637,2474.52158511,2261.92689274],"expenditure":[1059.45956475,1212.9320557,1089.34285307,1127.37769918,null,null]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[1171.649811879,1074.174511887,1079.942153164,1120.2262255,1308.80041385,1212.78749598],"p2":[3.89799389,2.28713136,1.61649358,1.31344453,1.6335431,2.31974745],"p3":[35.76378805,26.70785472,146,259.2,259.38285378,317.83304869],"p4":[744.82665011,808.58383068,803.385041302,862.76882634,904.70477438,728.98660062]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[715.5914882,751.4589796,715.37560334,697.42488086,null,null],"p2":[2.16809421,1.48631248,0.96258046,0.86427745,null,null],"p3":[11.32961956,1.89021959,4.84129756,29.36963591,null,null],"p4":[330.37036278,458.09654403,368.16337171,399.71890496,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2020 [projected]

[["Refugees",2314049],["Asylum-seekers",139793],["IDPs",10089688],["Returned IDPs",1945752],["Returned refugees",275020],["Stateless",364530],["Others of concern",3343]]
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Operational environment

The situation in the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) continues to drive the largest refugee crisis in the world. The crisis is now in its ninth year, with more than 6.2 million Syrians remaining internally displaced (as of August 2019) and at least 5.6 million more registered as refugees in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and North Africa.
 
The scale, severity and complexity of people’s humanitarian needs in Syria remain extensive. There are significant protection risks due to continuous hostilities in localized areas, new and protracted displacements, increased self-organized returns and the erosion of communities’ resilience without enhanced international support. In neighbouring countries, which are generously hosting refugees, infrastructure, services and local economies remain under immense strain.
 
Between January 2016 and September 2019, more than 209,000 Syrian refugees spontaneously returned from Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. As of September 2019, the number of refugee returns stands at around 75,500, surpassing the total number verified throughout 2018 (55,248). Furthermore, an estimated 341,000 IDPs returned to their areas of origin in the first nine months of the year, according to OCHA. Intention surveys indicate that more than three quarters of the Syrian refugee population hope to be able to return one day.
 
The number of IDPs in Iraq has gradually declined since 2014, with some 1.55 million people still internally displaced, according to the Displacement Tracking Matrix of IOM in September 2019. Many of the 4.3 million IDP returnees face difficulty in accessing basic services, while still contending with ongoing insecurity, a lack of shelter and livelihood opportunities, and explosive hazards. These challenges have led to instances of protracted and secondary displacement and re-admittance to camps where return was not possible or sustainable. Meanwhile, at least 257,000 Iraqi refugees are registered with UNHCR in neighbouring countries, and almost 32,000 more people live in camps in the Al-Hasakeh Governorate in Syria without any form of registration.
 
In 2020, UNHCR protection efforts within the Syria and Iraq situations will focus on advocating access to territory, protection from refoulement, registration, preservation of the protection space and available solutions, and protection from violence and exploitation. UNHCR will call on States to increase their resettlement quotas for vulnerable refugees and strengthen other legal pathways for admitting vulnerable refugees, such as through humanitarian visas, private sponsorship or complementary pathways. Despite insecurity and constrained access, UNHCR will continue to strengthen its presence and emergency response capacity to provide millions of refugees and IDPs in the region with life-saving, multi-sectoral assistance. At the same time, it will seek to strengthen strategic partnerships with governments, development actors, international financial institutions, UN agencies, civil society, academia and the private sector for a whole-of-society response. UNHCR will also continue to lead the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP), with UNDP in response to the Syria crisis, coordinating the work of more than 270 partners in the five main countries hosting Syrian refugees.
 
In Yemen, the five-year conflict continues to exact a brutal toll on the civilian population. There are 24.1 million people in need of humanitarian assistance—more than 80% of the country’s entire population. Increasing food insecurity and partial blockades that hamper aid delivery continue to point towards a threat of famine. In 2019, there were nearly 4 million IDPs in Yemen, with 1.2 million returnees across 22 governorates. More than 440,000 of the most vulnerable IDPs lived across more than 1,500 sites that were ill-equipped to meet the multi-dimensional needs and protection of people of concern. In addition, some 276,000 refugees and asylum-seekers were hosted across the country with some confronted by anti-migrant rhetoric that led to a rise in arrests, detentions and restricted movements, particularly in the northern governorates.
 
UNHCR will be faced with ongoing operational challenges in the region as the conflict continues to evolve. UNHCR will address growing humanitarian needs with multi-sectoral assistance to people of concern, including protection services, shelter, basic relief items, multi-purpose cash and health support. It will also advocate for a sustained protection space for refugees.  
 
The political and security situation in Yemen is expected to remain tense in 2020 amid complex regional dynamics, while rival factions in Yemen compete for effective control across multiple governorates – creating new frontlines and detrimentally impacting civilians. Protection needs remain high, but insecurity and restricted humanitarian access will continue to affect UNHCR’s ability to deliver assistance across Yemen. It will nevertheless work to effectively coordinate with the Government in the south and the authorities in the north to improve humanitarian access to people of concern.

Operations

In the context of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, UNHCR will enhance its collaboration with both national and regional bodies towards strengthening protection for people of concern. Multi-lateral engagement will be expanded alongside advocacy initiatives to inform public discourse in favour of refugees, asylum-seekers and stateless persons. Finally, UNHCR will foster partnerships in the GCC, including regional organizations, to cultivate growing interest from Gulf states in engaging in UNHCR programmes and appeals.
 

2020 Budget for Middle East | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Iraq 184,592,196934,3070324,924,370510,450,874
Israel 6,000,0000006,000,000
Jordan 356,357,449000356,357,449
Lebanon 534,379,0771,008,63300535,387,710
Other operations in the Middle East 00045,665,55345,665,553
Saudi Arabia Multi-Country Office 11,312,128178,1670011,490,294
Syrian Arab Republic 46,968,149198,640317,833,049219,717,302584,717,140
Yemen 73,178,49700138,679,375211,857,873
Total 1,212,787,4962,319,747317,833,049728,986,6012,261,926,893

2020 Voluntary Contributions to Middle East | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
All
pillars
Total
Middle East overall
Private donors in the United States of America 000900,000 900,000
Russian Federation 300,000000 300,000
United States of America 0001,300,000 1,300,000
Middle East overall subtotal 300,000002,200,000 2,500,000
Iraq
Canada 0003,768,498 3,768,498
Czech Republic 211,298000 211,298
European Union 002,206,2680 2,206,268
Japan 0005,013,872 5,013,872
Luxembourg 000523,013 523,013
Netherlands 0002,690,748 2,690,748
Private donors in Brazil 003570 357
Private donors in Italy 00330 33
Private donors in Kuwait 00333,16448 333,213
Private donors in Lebanon 7000330 400
Private donors in Saudi Arabia 00052 52
Private donors in the Netherlands 00550 55
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 2,553004,813 7,366
Spain 0032,5730 32,573
Sweden 0001,037,344 1,037,344
Switzerland 0001,023,541 1,023,541
United States of America 6,500,000000 6,500,000
Iraq subtotal 6,713,92102,572,45114,062,260 23,348,632
Israel
UNAIDS 53,500000 53,500
Israel subtotal 53,500000 53,500
Jordan
Australia 1,970,938000 1,970,938
Belgium 68,735000 68,735
Canada 0006,024,137 6,024,137
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 4,689,022000 4,689,022
Ireland 1,650,165000 1,650,165
Japan 0001,090,909 1,090,909
Luxembourg 209,205000 209,205
Norway 69,755002,511,349 2,581,104
Private donors in Canada 0009,610 9,610
Private donors in Egypt 9,953001,736 11,689
Private donors in India 21000 21
Private donors in Italy 00020,347 20,347
Private donors in Kuwait 16,2610011,733 27,994
Private donors in Lebanon 69,8890064,970 134,859
Private donors in Oman 8,787003,376 12,163
Private donors in Saudi Arabia 35,618008,028 43,646
Private donors in Switzerland 000136,026 136,026
Private donors in the Netherlands 65,735000 65,735
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 753,5660072,261 825,827
Private donors in the United States of America 4,53400133,125 137,659
Saudi Arabia 2,400,000000 2,400,000
Switzerland 0001,023,541 1,023,541
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 11,585,366000 11,585,366
United States of America 6,500,000000 6,500,000
Jordan subtotal 30,107,5510011,111,150 41,218,701
Lebanon
Australia 5,758,334000 5,758,334
Canada 00011,287,295 11,287,295
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 7,099,562000 7,099,562
Denmark 1,516,799000 1,516,799
European Union 11,726,664000 11,726,664
Japan 000727,272 727,272
Luxembourg 313,808000 313,808
Monaco 293,237000 293,237
Netherlands 4,912,242000 4,912,242
Norway 0005,361,538 5,361,538
Private donors in Egypt 9,850001,736 11,586
Private donors in Italy 000467 467
Private donors in Kuwait 16,9650011,733 28,698
Private donors in Lebanon 251,3750071,466 322,841
Private donors in Oman 9,482003,376 12,858
Private donors in Qatar 5,000,100000 5,000,100
Private donors in Saudi Arabia 34,735008,028 42,763
Private donors in Spain 00026,461 26,461
Private donors in Switzerland 00060,060 60,060
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 111,108000 111,108
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 470000 470
Saudi Arabia 3,000,000000 3,000,000
Spain 1,138,112000 1,138,112
Sweden 193,735000 193,735
Switzerland 0002,047,083 2,047,083
United States of America 8,000,000000 8,000,000
Lebanon subtotal 49,386,5760019,606,515 68,993,091
Other operations in the Middle East
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 0013,547,8970 13,547,897
Germany 0025,563,8910 25,563,891
International Organization for Migration 00224,0000 224,000
Japan 003,345,1710 3,345,171
United States of America 00016,026,663 16,026,663
Other operations in the Middle East subtotal 0042,680,95916,026,663 58,707,622
Syrian Arab Republic
Canada 0006,776,017 6,776,017
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 002,999,9980 2,999,998
Common Humanitarian Fund Sudan 0582,86500 582,865
Estonia 0000 0
Germany 1,661,653000 1,661,653
Iceland 000197,457 197,457
Japan 0009,647,407 9,647,407
Norway 0006,664,735 6,664,735
Private donors in Italy 000109,170 109,170
Private donors in Kuwait 00010,882 10,882
Private donors in Lebanon 0043,1870 43,187
Private donors in Saudi Arabia 0029,5930 29,593
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 005,5730 5,573
Russian Federation 00500,0000 500,000
Spain 0255,1570550,055 805,212
United States of America 1,063,0000021,873,337 22,936,337
Syrian Arab Republic subtotal 2,724,653838,0233,578,35145,829,060 52,970,087
Yemen
Belgium 142,2320639,0180 781,250
Canada 000363,636 363,636
Common Humanitarian Fund Sudan 006,034,6680 6,034,668
Japan 0000 0
Private donors in Canada 0001 1
Private donors in Egypt 6001,238 1,244
Private donors in Kuwait 49701,000,1641,878 1,002,539
Private donors in Lebanon 3,176003,194 6,370
Private donors in Oman 51000573 1,083
Private donors in Qatar 0025,000,2900 25,000,290
Private donors in Saudi Arabia 19800213 410
Private donors in Singapore 0012,0000 12,000
Private donors in Thailand 00072 72
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 2,635006,990 9,624
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 000317 317
Private donors in the United States of America 00020,000 20,000
Saudi Arabia 12,000,000000 12,000,000
Spain 00345,6790 345,679
Switzerland 0001,023,541 1,023,541
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1,046,96301,201,7110 2,248,675
United States of America 500,000008,500,000 9,000,000
Yemen subtotal 13,696,217034,233,5319,921,651 57,851,400
Total 102,982,417838,02383,065,293118,757,299 305,643,033
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 18-MAY-2020
    Italy

    private donors

    $81,432
  • United States of America

    private donors

    $1,000,000
  • 14-MAY-2020
    United States of America

    private donors

    $81,878
  • France
    $20,000,000
  • 13-MAY-2020
    Estonia
    $162,866
  • 12-MAY-2020
    Kazakhstan
    $100,000
  • Spain
    $590,662
  • 11-MAY-2020
    United States of America
    $24,500,000
  • 08-MAY-2020
    Monaco
    $195,437
  • Norway
    $21,917,131
  • 07-MAY-2020
    United Arab Emirates

    private donors

    $500,000
  • 04-MAY-2020
    Liechtenstein

    private donors

    $102,775
  • 30-APR-2020
    Singapore

    private donors

    $200,000
  • Malaysia

    private donors

    $232,698
  • South Africa

    private donors

    $61,135
  • Greece

    private donors

    $81,095
  • Japan

    private donors

    $2,338,794
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $7,692,788
  • Egypt

    private donors

    $684,950
  • China

    private donors

    $842,342