Middle East

Operational information on the Middle East subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:

| Bahrain | Iraq | Israel | Jordan |Kuwait | Lebanon | Omar | Qatar | Saudi Arabia| Syrian Arab Republic | United Arab Emirates | Yemen |


Subregion: Middle East


Latest update of camps and office locations 21  Nov  2016. By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.

  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017

Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Middle East

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2015 {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"budget":[695.851374562,1445.38803915,1767.45606157,1956.138243929,1911.74682865,1872.39587206],"expenditure":[431.06647686,961.25416817,1099.48857212,1059.45956475,null,null]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[453.287096122,1060.74997701,1071.29315117,1171.649811879,1074.16801189,1067.40054842],"p2":[3.21056639,3.74482986,3.83262054,3.89799389,2.28713136,1.61649358],"p3":[29.91426377,27.30414868,39.59885527,35.76378805,26.70785472,null],"p4":[209.43944828,353.5890836,652.73143459,744.82665011,808.58383068,803.37883006]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[287.74575398,691.76318386,712.10525101,715.5914882,null,null],"p2":[1.08610169,1.35669238,3.0784008,2.16809421,null,null],"p3":[22.86569699,14.49497183,10.53576239,11.32961956,null,null],"p4":[119.3689242,253.6393201,373.76915792,330.37036278,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2017 [projected]

[["Refugees",2284817],["Asylum-seekers",143258],["IDPs",13714000],["Returned IDPs",1586000],["Returned refugees",33000],["Stateless",372212],["Others of concern",6500]]
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Operational environment and strategy

The situation in the Middle East subregion remains complex and volatile; with the conflicts in Iraq, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen triggering massive levels of displacement as millions of people flee in search of safety.
Now in its sixth year, the conflict in Syrian Arab Republic has resulted in the internal displacement of over 6.1 million people, with nearly 4.8 million having fled to the neighbouring countries of Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt. Intense fighting in the northern parts of the Syrian Arab Republic has led to a large number of civilian casualties and the displacement of over 400,000 people since the beginning of 2016. The deteriorating security environment significantly impacted the humanitarian situation, and limited the ability of United Nations agencies and their partners to deliver much-needed humanitarian relief. In particular, the humanitarian situation in the city of Aleppo and its surroundings has deteriorated severely in 2016. In Iraq, the ongoing conflict has led to a further deterioration of the humanitarian crisis and successive waves of mass displacement. More than 3.2 million people have been internally displaced since January 2014 and there are over 240,000 Iraqi refugees in the region. Since the start of the offensive in Mosul on 17 October 2016, over 90,000 individuals have been displaced. In Yemen, the already precarious situation deteriorated drastically in 2016; 8 out of 10 people in Yemen are in need of humanitarian assistance. Security constraints and bureaucratic impediments severely hampered humanitarian assistance.
In addition to providing access to public services, some host countries made notable progress on policy and regulation changes in 2016, particularly in the areas of livelihood opportunities and education for refugees. However, protracted displacement also has a significant impact on the hosting countries. Despite the generosity of host governments and communities, displaced people across the region are becoming increasingly vulnerable and impoverished as the conflicts persist. In Lebanon, 70 per cent of Syrian refugees are living below the poverty line and in Jordan, 90 per cent of registered Syrian refugees who live in urban areas are below the national poverty line. Furthermore, the multiplicity of crisis in and around the region pushes people fleeing conflict to seek refuge in countries also affected by war. War-torn Yemen continues to be a destination country for new arrivals from Somalia. 
In 2017, UNHCR will continue to prioritize the provision of life-saving assistance and protection to internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees across the Middle East. In Syria and Iraq, UNHCR will continue to support the implementation of the Humanitarian Response Plans, leading the Protection, Non-Food Items (NFI) and Shelter, and Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) sectors. As part of the whole-of-Syria approach, UNHCR will maximize the delivery of assistance and protection through cross-border and cross-line interventions to ensure those in besieged and hard-to reach areas can be reached. UNHCR will continue to work closely with governments and partners, co-leading the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) to address the protection and assistance needs of Syrian refugees, as well as the most vulnerable members of host communities. In order to support the countries bearing the financial and social costs of the refugee crisis, UNHCR will continue to garner support of the international community including through increased resettlement commitments and other forms of humanitarian admission. In war-torn countries hosting refugees such as Yemen, UNHCR will also explore assisted spontaneous return options for people in need of international protection, when appropriate. Across the region, notably in Israel and the Gulf countries, UNHCR will continue targeted advocacy and media interventions as well as capacity building initiatives, to promote acceptance of asylum seekers and refugees. 

Response and implementation

Operations in Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen are presented in separate country chapters. For other countries where UNHCR operates in the subregion, please see below.

In the Gulf region (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates), UNHCR will seek new partnerships with governments and the private sector while also working to advance engagement, cooperation and coordination with local organizations. In parallel, the Office will continue to strengthen its ties with regional bodies, including the Gulf Cooperation Council, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the League of Arab States as well as respective associated sub-organs. While GCC countries are not signatories to the 1951 Convention and its 1967 Protocol and there are no legislative or administrative provisions which particularly govern refugees, the region adopts a policy of generosity and tolerance. There are almost 5,000 refugees and asylum seekers registered with UNHCR in the region. In addition, the six countries play host to millions of migrant workers from a diverse set of countries, many of which originate from refugee-producing countries. UNHCR works closely with authorities to enhance protection interventions and ease restrictions for humanitarian cases when applicable.

2017 Budget for Middle East | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Iraq 137,529,390623,7390418,940,632557,093,761
Israel 3,731,9720003,731,972
Jordan 277,212,606000277,212,606
Lebanon 462,387,386606,29700462,993,683
Saudi Arabia Regional Office 4,958,487175,288005,133,775
Syrian Arab Republic 47,800,000211,1700303,988,899352,000,068
Syrian Regional Refugee Coordination Office 19,124,3730030,079,61749,203,990
United Arab Emirates 3,618,9790003,618,979
Yemen 49,199,5450050,369,68399,569,228
Regional activities 61,837,81000061,837,810
Total 1,067,400,5481,616,4940803,378,8301,872,395,872

2017 Voluntary Contributions to Middle East | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Middle East overall
Germany 009,876,956 9,876,956
Iceland 00220,000 220,000
Private donors in Austria 31063 94
Private donors in Bangladesh 00101 101
Private donors in Canada 32,834017,097 49,931
Private donors in China 0019,520 19,520
Private donors in Egypt 16800 168
Private donors in France 00785 785
Private donors in Italy 008,481 8,481
Private donors in Monaco 0031,381 31,381
Private donors in Philippines 002,874 2,874
Private donors in Qatar 001,000 1,000
Private donors in Spain 001,014 1,014
Private donors in Switzerland 00429,628 429,628
Private donors in Thailand 009,162 9,162
Private donors in Turkey 2800 28
Private donors in the Republic of Korea 00133,799 133,799
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 6,1320200,000 206,132
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 0010,411 10,411
Slovenia 0033,520 33,520
Middle East overall subtotal 39,194010,995,791 11,034,985
Canada 3,396,22600 3,396,226
Germany 03,289,4740 3,289,474
Private donors in Brazil 09750 975
Private donors in France 01420 142
Private donors in Italy 012,1730 12,173
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 0745,0000 745,000
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 022,1720 22,172
Iraq subtotal 3,396,2264,069,9350 7,466,161
Canada 10,566,03800 10,566,038
PRIV DONORS INDONESIA 1,000,00000 1,000,000
Private donors in Canada 45,17400 45,174
Private donors in Singapore 100,00000 100,000
Private donors in Switzerland 109,85800 109,858
Private donors in the Netherlands 4,124,65100 4,124,651
Private donors in the United Arab Emirates 20,87200 20,872
Private donors in the United States of America 112,34700 112,347
UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict 140,21300 140,213
Jordan subtotal 16,219,15300 16,219,153
Canada 13,584,90600 13,584,906
European Union 13,775,30200 13,775,302
Private donors in Italy 111,48300 111,483
United States of America 11,000,00000 11,000,000
Lebanon subtotal 38,471,69000 38,471,690
Regional activities
Italy 126,82300 126,823
Regional activities subtotal 126,82300 126,823
Syrian Arab Republic
Canada 07,473,8420 7,473,842
Private donors in Qatar 01,768,4380 1,768,438
Private donors in Sweden 0273,4170 273,417
Saudi Arabia 05,000,0000 5,000,000
Syrian Arab Republic subtotal 014,515,6970 14,515,697
United Arab Emirates
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 00126,000 126,000
United Arab Emirates subtotal 00126,000 126,000
Private donors in Qatar 738,30300 738,303
Private donors in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 0092 92
Yemen subtotal 738,303092 738,395
Total 58,991,39018,585,63111,121,882 88,698,904