South-West Asia

Operational information on the South-West Asia subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format.​ This subregion covers the following countries:

Subregion: South-West Asia


Latest update of camps and office locations 21  Nov  2016. By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.

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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion South-West Asia

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2016 {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016],"budget":[329.481794789,352.31783695,382.93488602,360.170297977,473.351600748],"expenditure":[193.78561689,162.67279337,158.90284611,156.55047551,288.75944655]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016],"p1":[150.610280829,157.79026509,184.60069642,198.064954557,332.70868251],"p2":[0.87699208,1.48910797,0.21242026,0.30424051,0.23462954],"p3":[106.40329508,125.47048328,120.93371852,106.53871565,92.349152539],"p4":[71.5912268,67.56798061,77.18805082,55.26238726,48.059136159]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016],"p1":[94.29274137,87.25259129,88.79105311,92.11479018,242.52296085],"p2":[0.87261709,0.0786895,0.18566753,0.2060976,0.15099556],"p3":[53.91192069,44.24040328,34.24658594,36.57175741,29.0479299],"p4":[44.70833774,31.1011093,35.67953953,27.65783032,17.03756024]}
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People of Concern - 2016

[["Refugees",2391766],["Asylum-seekers",5075],["IDPs",2246507],["Returned IDPs",704370],["Returned refugees",383969],["Others of concern",114221]]
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Response in 2016

Afghan refugees remained the largest protracted refugee population of concern to UNHCR in Asia. More than 2.6 million registered Afghan refugees are hosted in over 70 countries. The Islamic Republics of Iran and Pakistan host approximately 95 per cent of all Afghan refugees.
In 2016, UNHCR engaged with the Governments of the Islamic Republics of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan to implement the activities contained in the “UNHCR Regional Plan on building resilience and solutions for Afghan refugees in South-West Asia”. These activities are in line with the “Solutions strategy for Afghan refugees to support voluntary repatriation, sustainable reintegration and assistance to host countries” (SSAR) that remains the overall policy framework for the region, focusing on voluntary return, sustainable reintegration and support to hosting countries. The respective governments and UNHCR continued efforts to achieve solutions through tripartite and quadripartite meetings. 
UNHCR’s efforts towards solutions were made also in the context of rejuvenated focus by the international community towards lasting peace, stability and development in Afghanistan. The Afghan government and European Union co-organized the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan in October 2016, with the participation of 75 countries and 26 international organizations. The international community pledged USD 15.2 billion for the next four years. Translating commitments into actions will be vital to ensure that the Government of Afghanistan has the support and resources required to assist its population, including uprooted people.
UNHCR operations in the subregion have been greatly affected by funding shortfalls and the Office will continue mobilize additional support from the international community in support of Afghan refugees.


Operations in the Islamic Republics of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan are presented in separate country pages. 
626 Number of personnel (international and national)
16 Number of offices
5,345,485 Estimated number of people of concern (PoC)
345.1 million Overall funding requirements in USD (ExCom-approved 2016 budget)

Operational Environment and Strategy

The Afghan situation remains the largest protracted situation involving refugees under UNHCR’s mandate, with some 2.6 million registered Afghan refugees hosted in over 70 countries. The vast majority (approximately 95 per cent) of Afghan refugees are hosted in two countries – the Islamic Republics of Iran and Pakistan.
While more than 55,000 Afghan refugees, mostly from Pakistan, have returned in 2015, the situation in Afghanistan is likely to remain challenging in 2016. Afghans continue to seek asylum outside the country, including in Europe. Ongoing instability has also contributed to the rising number of internally displaced people (IDPs), which has reached over 1 million.
The Afghan National Unity Government has prioritized the pursuit of durable solutions for its displaced population. Regional coordination between the Governments of Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, and Pakistan has been strengthened through the development of a common approach to finding solutions for Afghan refugees. In 2015 complementary plans have been developed to support the voluntary return and sustainable reintegration of Afghan refugees, as well as to ensure continued protection arrangements for them in the host countries. The regional Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees to Support Voluntary Repatriation, Sustainable Reintegration and Assistance to Host Countries (SSAR), developed by the Governments of the Islamic Republics of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan together with UNHCR, remains the main vehicle for furthering these efforts which will require strong support in 2016, in particular by development actors.

Response and Implementation

In the Islamic Republic of Iran, in 2016 UNHCR will advocate with the Government to enhance protection of refugees in the country and facilitate durable solutions, including collaboration on safeguards related to alternative stay arrangements. The Office will pursue a community-based approach to assist the most vulnerable refugees who may not be currently benefiting from assistance, and to ensure full participation of people of concern in decisions that will affect their lives.
In 2016, UNHCR’s strategy for its operations in Pakistan will revolve around three key priorities: 1) durable solutions to resolve the protracted refugee situation; 2) protection and assistance for people of concern; and 3) enhanced partnerships and collaboration to achieve these objectives. Within these broad themes, UNHCR will focus on core activities in support of the Government of Pakistan’s strategy for the management of Afghan refugees being developed under the SSAR, with the overall objective is supporting sustainable return to and reintegration in Afghanistan, while maintaining asylum space in Pakistan.
In Pakistan, military operations in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), which started in 2014, are ongoing. There are currently 1.2 million IDPs, although more than 600,000 have returned home since March 2015 when the Government of Pakistan started to implement large-scale return operations in Khyber Agency, South Waziristan and North Waziristan. 

2016 Budget and Expenditure in South-West Asia | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Afghanistan Budget
Islamic Republic of Iran Budget
Pakistan Budget
Total Budget

2016 Voluntary Contributions to South-West Asia | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
South-West Asia overall
Japan 916,506000 916,506
Malta 00026,539 26,539
Norway 0002,414,293 2,414,293
Private donors in Germany 000530,786 530,786
Sweden 0001,767,826 1,767,826
Switzerland 0001,972,387 1,972,387
United States of America 00070,400,000 70,400,000
South-West Asia overall subtotal 916,5060077,111,830 78,028,336
Australia 2,100,000000 2,100,000
Canada 0001,123,596 1,123,596
Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 2,619,65202,674,9970 5,294,649
Denmark 2,936,3133,367,98700 6,304,300
European Union 3,547,817861,2921,316,2520 5,725,361
Finland 0003,027,235 3,027,235
Germany 3,397,5083,015,8732,123,1420 8,536,524
Italy 0001,098,901 1,098,901
Japan 3,569,892430,10800 4,000,000
Lithuania 00033,632 33,632
Luxembourg 000558,659 558,659
Norway 01,880,2011,070,0000 2,950,201
Private donors in Canada 000358 358
Private donors in Germany 0563,69800 563,698
Private donors in Japan 378,545059,7130 438,258
Republic of Korea 03,200,0001,800,0000 5,000,000
Switzerland 00504,5410 504,541
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 00012,195,122 12,195,122
United States of America 24,738,000000 24,738,000
Afghanistan subtotal 43,287,72813,319,1589,548,64418,037,503 84,193,033
Islamic Republic of Iran
Czech Republic 103,778000 103,778
Denmark 1,599,794000 1,599,794
European Union 7,206,013000 7,206,013
France 300,000000 300,000
Germany 3,382,187000 3,382,187
Japan 3,000,000000 3,000,000
Norway 767,05200599,520 1,366,573
Private donors in Islamic Republic of Iran 8,799000 8,799
Private donors in Japan 481,500000 481,500
Private donors in Qatar 1,564,984000 1,564,984
Republic of Korea 8,000,000000 8,000,000
Russian Federation 100,000000 100,000
Islamic Republic of Iran subtotal 26,514,10700599,520 27,113,627
Canada 0002,247,191 2,247,191
Common Humanitarian Fund Sudan 00277,4010 277,401
Denmark 1,104,7191,421,27100 2,525,990
European Union 3,823,477000 3,823,477
Germany 3,068,7834,126,26800 7,195,051
Japan 3,170,0000830,0000 4,000,000
Luxembourg 000549,451 549,451
Norway 1,770,120000 1,770,120
Private donors in Italy 0001,134 1,134
Private donors in Qatar 1,847,243000 1,847,243
Private donors in Saudi Arabia 99,973000 99,973
Private donors in Spain 00019 19
Private donors in the Netherlands 1,302,833000 1,302,833
Private donors in the Republic of Korea 5,965000 5,965
Private donors in the United States of America 159000 159
Sweden 0001,224,440 1,224,440
Switzerland 508,130000 508,130
UNAIDS 00053,500 53,500
United States of America 3,000,0005,331,0003,531,0000 11,862,000
Pakistan subtotal 19,701,40410,878,5394,638,4014,075,734 39,294,078
Total 90,419,74424,197,69714,187,04599,824,587 228,629,074