South-West Asia

Operational information on the South-West Asia subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format.​ This subregion covers the following countries:
 

Subregion: South-West Asia

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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion South-West Asia

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2018 {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"budget":[352.31783695,382.93488602,360.170297977,473.351600748,361.946634964,323.79242552],"expenditure":[162.67279337,158.90284611,156.55047551,288.75944655,158.34583653,126.61838953]} {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"p1":[157.79026509,184.60069642,198.064954557,332.70868251,240.902367764,203.31027494],"p2":[1.48910797,0.21242026,0.30424051,0.23462954,0.235,0.599],"p3":[125.47048328,120.93371852,106.53871565,92.349152539,98.82267524,89.22617932],"p4":[67.56798061,77.18805082,55.26238726,48.059136159,21.98659196,30.65697126]} {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"p1":[87.25259129,88.79105311,92.11479018,242.52296085,111.9619952,71.34104447],"p2":[0.0786895,0.18566753,0.2060976,0.15099556,0.13975851,0.11294748],"p3":[44.24040328,34.24658594,36.57175741,29.0479299,27.88620197,33.67393502],"p4":[31.1011093,35.67953953,27.65783032,17.03756024,18.35788085,21.49046256]}
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People of Concern - 2018

[["Refugees",2455685],["Asylum-seekers",5499],["IDPs",2203277],["Returned IDPs",156981],["Returned refugees",16240],["Others of concern",489854]]
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Operational Environment


Afghans remain the largest refugee population of concern to UNHCR in Asia and the Pacific region. There are more than 2.2 million Afghan refugees worldwide, the vast majority of which are hosted in the Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan.  Both countries have provided protection and assistance to Afghan refugees for almost four decades. 
 
The volatile security situation in Afghanistan continues to drive displacement, with more than 200,000 people forced to flee their homes in the first eight months of 2017, adding to the estimated up to 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in Afghanistan in 2016.
 
Given the ongoing conflict in the country and its limited absorption capacity, UNHCR does not promote refugee returns to Afghanistan.  However, in accordance with its mandate, the Office assists those who choose to return.  Over 55,000 refugees have returned to Afghanistan since the beginning of 2017, of whom half are not returning to their places of origin. In 2018, UNHCR is expecting that 200,000 individuals would return to Afghanistan, mainly from Pakistan.
 
IDPs are also assisted along with returning refugees.
 
UNHCR continues to provide emergency assistance to those who are newly displaced.  UNHCR will also assist some 40,000 families to prepare for winter 2017-2018.  Protection monitoring on the ground will identify vulnerable returnees, IDPs and other Afghan population and provide individualised support – cash based interventions or referral - through the person with specific needs programme (PSN) or livelihood opportunities through community-based protection measures.
 
The Islamic Republic of Iran has taken important steps towards inclusion of the refugee populations with the introduction of a series of progressive policies to incorporate refugees into national services, especially in the areas of health and education. The Government continues to expand refugees’ access to healthcare through the Universal Public Health Insurance scheme (UPHI) supported by UNHCR.  To date some 125,701 refugees were registered in the national insurance scheme, giving them access to medical services country wide.    Following the Supreme Leader’s Decree in 2015 more than 420,000 Afghan and Iraqi children, including 72,000 undocumented children, have been enrolled in school. Implementation of the progressive policies of Iran requires substantial investments and ongoing resources, and greater responsibility sharing and support from the international community will be required to complement the already vast investments of the Government.
 
In Pakistan, the Government adopted a comprehensive policy on the voluntary repatriation and management of Afghan refugees in February 2017, extending the validity of Proof of Registration (PoR) cards until the end of 2017.  The policy foresees the adoption of a draft refugee law and  flexible visa regime for different categories of Afghans (e.g. students, mixed marriage, business, skilled and unskilled labourers).  In line with this policy, the Government also launched a six month programme in July 2017 to register undocumented Afghans.  UNHCR welcomes this initiative and is working with the government on its implementation. 
 
UNHCR will strengthen its partnerships with the World Bank to ease the pressure on the refugee hosting communities. Its loan and grant components are to support the government and communities directly and to supplement UNHCR’s ongoing activities.
 
UNHCR and its partners are also planning for the return of people who were displaced from North Waziristan in Pakistan in 2014 and remained in Afghanistan. 

2018 Budget and Expenditure in South-West Asia | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Afghanistan Budget
Expenditure
35,933,202
16,784,225
0
0
60,243,961
23,785,165
29,656,971
21,490,463
125,834,134
62,059,853
Islamic Republic of Iran Budget
Expenditure
98,756,622
27,875,643
0
0
0
0
0
0
98,756,622
27,875,643
Pakistan Budget
Expenditure
68,620,451
26,681,176
599,000
112,947
28,982,218
9,888,770
1,000,000
0
99,201,669
36,682,893
Total Budget
Expenditure
203,310,275
71,341,044
599,000
112,947
89,226,179
33,673,935
30,656,971
21,490,463
323,792,426
126,618,390

2018 Voluntary Contributions to South-West Asia | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
All
pillars
Total
South-West Asia overall
Japan 000941,708 941,708
United States of America 00061,600,000 61,600,000
South-West Asia overall subtotal 00062,541,708 62,541,708
Afghanistan
Australia 0001,512,859 1,512,859
Canada 0001,099,764 1,099,764
Common Humanitarian Fund Sudan 008,758,8440 8,758,844
Denmark 0003,503,185 3,503,185
European Union 0003,636,322 3,636,322
France 0200,00000 200,000
Germany 0004,744,386 4,744,386
Italy 1,860,870623,60200 2,484,472
Japan 614,800321,00064,2000 1,000,000
Luxembourg 000523,013 523,013
Norway 0005,958,474 5,958,474
Private donors in Austria 017700 177
Private donors in Japan 00148,1250 148,125
Republic of Korea 0003,000,000 3,000,000
Switzerland 0508,13000 508,130
United States of America 026,75000 26,750
Afghanistan subtotal 2,475,6701,679,6598,971,16923,978,003 37,104,501
Islamic Republic of Iran
Australia 1,000,000000 1,000,000
Denmark 2,229,299000 2,229,299
European Union 4,260,130000 4,260,130
Germany 2,171,553000 2,171,553
Japan 1,300,000000 1,300,000
Luxembourg 261,506000 261,506
Norway 000510,921 510,921
Private donors in Japan 594,614000 594,614
Private donors in Qatar 1,103,823000 1,103,823
Republic of Korea 2,000,000000 2,000,000
Russian Federation 100,000000 100,000
UNAIDS 00050,650 50,650
Islamic Republic of Iran subtotal 15,020,92500561,571 15,582,496
Pakistan
Australia 0001,512,859 1,512,859
Canada 0001,571,092 1,571,092
Denmark 2,079,299200,00000 2,279,299
European Union 1,111,111001,324,066 2,435,177
Germany 743,014000 743,014
Italy 552,373750,94400 1,303,317
Japan 845,234000 845,234
Luxembourg 000261,506 261,506
Norway 0001,021,842 1,021,842
Private donors in Italy 00028 28
Private donors in Japan 604,049000 604,049
Private donors in Qatar 1,302,907000 1,302,907
Private donors in the Republic of Korea 5,654000 5,654
Private donors in the United States of America 298,200000 298,200
Switzerland 508,130000 508,130
United States of America 53,500000 53,500
Pakistan subtotal 8,103,471950,94405,691,394 14,745,809
Total 25,600,0662,630,6038,971,16992,772,676 129,974,514
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 11-JUL-2019
    Ireland
    $10,227,273
  • 10-JUL-2019
    Sweden
    $9,376,010
  • 08-JUL-2019
    European Union
    $568,181
  • Kuwait
    $75,910
  • 05-JUL-2019
    Spain
    $1,005,114
  • 04-JUL-2019
    European Union
    $568,181
  • Japan

    private donors

    $78,200
  • 03-JUL-2019
    Angola
    $60,000
  • 02-JUL-2019
    Netherlands
    $743,035
  • 30-JUN-2019
    Argentina
    $53,550
  • Japan

    private donors

    $300,000
  • Spain
    $183,019
  • Sweden

    private donors

    $250,000
  • Oman

    private donors

    $57,251
  • United Arab Emirates

    private donors

    $783,336
  • Saudi Arabia

    private donors

    $309,437
  • Kuwait

    private donors

    $101,816
  • 29-JUN-2019
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $122,058
  • Sweden

    private donors

    $437,792
  • Thailand

    private donors

    $578,523