South-Eastern Europe

Operational information on the South-Eastern Europe subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

| Albania | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Serbia (and Kosovo: Security Council resolution 1244 (1999)) | The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia |
For detailed information, see Regional Office in South Eastern Europe.

Subregion: South-Eastern Europe

{"longitude":22.6978,"latitude":43.2612,"zoom_level":6,"iso_codes":"'ALB','BIH','HRV','MKD','MNE','SRB','XKS'"}

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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion South-Eastern Europe

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2018 {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"budget":[61.005667061,68.10731266,61.208116593,45.123828406,31.50136019,33.095854337],"expenditure":[34.31168599,40.20730776,35.43535279,26.13463161,null,null]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[28.612472566,40.97210448,36.436015723,39.690538476,26.73155217,28.499345486],"p2":[3.844207253,3.55188212,3.27451216,5.43328993,4.76980802,4.596508851],"p3":[5.793305568,3.8070055,3.81259232,null,null,null],"p4":[22.755681674,19.77632056,17.68499639,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[20.24093268,27.85302022,24.1738277,22.97823708,null,null],"p2":[2.32336862,2.35699038,2.40666505,3.15639453,null,null],"p3":[2.02776035,1.7993934,1.89969319,null,null,null],"p4":[9.71962434,8.19790376,6.95516685,null,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2020 [projected]

[["Refugees",32928],["Asylum-seekers",13414],["IDPs",228600],["Returned IDPs",1400],["Returned refugees",320],["Stateless",8126],["Others of concern",111474]]
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Working environment and response in 2020

The countries in South East Europe have extensive experience in receiving people in need of international protection including refugees, IDPs and stateless persons. During the 1990s, refugees and IDPs were mostly from within the region but over the past few years, an increasing number of people, among which are people in need of international protection, come from further afield, particularly from Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Pakistan, Palestine, the Syrian Arab Republic, Somalia and countries of North Africa. They transit to South East Europe through Turkey and Greece. The vast majority continue to move irregularly onward towards Western Europe. Many lodge multiple asylum claims in one or more of the south-eastern Europe countries while transiting, but the great majority depart before their asylum claims have been processed and their protection needs determined. On 1 July 2019, some 5,900 people were in the asylum process or had received refugee status.
 
As the European Union and its member states strengthen their border control mechanisms, an increasing number of people in mixed movements, among which some may be in need of international protection, continue to arrive in South East Europe. The existing asylum mechanisms are to date still either sufficiently equipped or not adapted to this new situation, despite the efforts which have been made to build and develop the capacity of government counterparts (asylum offices, border police and other relevant ministries and institutions), including through training and other learning events, as well as through follow-up on legislative revisions to better identify and protect persons in need of international protection. Asylum capacities across the region need to be scaled up and strengthened to address existing gaps in the asylum cycle - from identification, referral and service provision, to determination of protection needs and status, and support for durable solutions, including returns when no international protection needs or other grounds for remaining in the host country have been identified. The EU accession process represents both an important vehicle and a unique opportunity to support the countries of the region in addressing these issues.
 
In addition, the region still hosts some 5,000 persons at risk of statelessness. The protection environment for persons at risk of statelessness in the region has improved with the introduction of new legislative provisions, in part due to UNHCR’s cooperation with the EU, Council of Europe, the OSCE and Ombudspersons’ offices. The positive trend is likely to continue with the recent accessions to the statelessness conventions, new stateless determination procedures and legislation changes that prevents or addresses statelessness. The lack of personal documents, as well as, in some countries, the collection of comprehensive data on persons at risk of statelessness remains a challenge. 
 
UNHCR will continue to provide legal assistance and SGBV support to people displaced in the region during the conflicts of the 1990s while working closely with the OSCE to provide guidance and support to the Regional Housing Programme that should be completed at the end of 2021. 

In 2020, UNHCR will target four main objectives:
1. Strengthen capacities of States and other stakeholders to address mixed movements and identify persons in need of international protection, through assistance in aligning their asylum legislation and practice with international and EU standards and ensuring its effective implementation through the deployment of a Quality Assurance initiative. 
2. Create synergies between activities of relevant international and regional organizations and, building on ongoing initiatives and existing fora, identify areas where common approaches can be developed to provide more targeted support to States, so as to promote cost-effectiveness and avoid duplication of efforts. 
3. UNHCR will continue to advocate for States to take measures to eliminate statelessness and will continue to provide legal assistance to people at risk of statelessness in the region.
4. Support States in South East Europe in finding durable solutions, including for displaced people from the region. 

2020 Budget for South-Eastern Europe | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Albania 2,962,414184,776003,147,190
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,423,219614,1120010,037,331
Kosovo (S/RES/1244 (1999)) 2,689,315779,388003,468,704
Montenegro 2,258,135249,866002,508,001
North Macedonia 4,230,020321,248004,551,269
Serbia 6,936,2422,447,118009,383,360
Total 28,499,3454,596,5090033,095,854

2020 Voluntary Contributions to South-Eastern Europe | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
All
pillars
Total
South-Eastern Europe overall
European Union 568,1820 568,182
South-Eastern Europe overall subtotal 568,1820 568,182
Montenegro
Joint SDG Fund 0121,756 121,756
Montenegro subtotal 0121,756 121,756
Total 568,182121,756 689,937
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 03-DEC-2019
    United States of America

    private donors

    $55,000
  • 02-DEC-2019
    Italy
    $5,637,475
  • European Union
    $5,500,551
  • 30-NOV-2019
    Malaysia

    private donors

    $192,585
  • Switzerland

    private donors

    $163,580
  • China

    private donors

    $941,588
  • Canada

    private donors

    $826,063
  • Netherlands

    private donors

    $179,168
  • Thailand

    private donors

    $579,403
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $4,008,692
  • Italy

    private donors

    $1,771,974
  • France

    private donors

    $114,094
  • Mexico

    private donors

    $77,706
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $417,451
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $161,644
  • United Arab Emirates

    private donors

    $126,845
  • 29-NOV-2019
    Switzerland
    $1,008,064
  • Denmark
    $143,307
  • Germany
    $4,444,445
  • Brazil

    private donors

    $201,518