Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe

Operational information on the Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:

| Andorra | Austria | Belgium | Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Holy See (the) | Hungary | Iceland| Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein | Lithuania | Luxembourg | Malta | Monaco |Netherlands (the) | Norway |Poland | Republic of Moldova (the) Portugal | Romania |San Marino | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the) |

Subregion: Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe


Latest update of camps and office locations: October 2017. By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.

  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018

Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe

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2016 {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"budget":[63.26919003,68.06467853,110.92231352,386.522619389,336.89719143,339.07253344],"expenditure":[50.03311406,53.1706932,82.16008297,240.0086692,null,null]} {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"p1":[59.15260142,64.25408379,104.603939475,382.144094999,333.24767829,335.84615381],"p2":[4.11658861,3.81059474,5.127210913,3.39118021,2.8752698,3.06372626],"p3":[null,null,1.191163132,0.98734418,0.77424334,0.16265337],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"p1":[46.80158789,50.31378371,77.86368722,236.40963004,null,null],"p2":[3.23152617,2.85690949,3.24322882,2.63812679,null,null],"p3":[null,null,1.05316693,0.96091237,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2018 [projected]

[["Refugees",2251233],["Refugee-like situation",6000],["Asylum-seekers",897580],["Stateless",355389],["Others of concern",6000]]
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Operational Environment

As of mid-2017, the number of people reaching Greece via the Eastern Mediterranean route remained low compared to the same period in 2016. While arrivals to Italy increased significantly in the first semester, lower numbers crossing the sea from Libya in July meant that the overall number of arrivals decreased.
From January to June 2017 the European Union (EU) member states, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland received close to 217,000 new asylum applications, which represents 46 per cent of the applications this subregion received in 2016 over the same period. The main countries of origin reported are Syria (15%), Afghanistan (7%), Nigeria (7%), Iraq (6%) and Eritrea (5%). Following a constant decrease from August 2016 to February 2017, the number of new applications increased again in March 2017.
UNHCR will continue to safeguard asylum space; ensure access to territory and acceptable reception conditions; support authorities with provision of assistance and referrals to relevant services; build and maintain effective and fair asylum procedures; prevent and resolve statelessness; and prevent and respond to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV).
Key priorities for 2018 remain the  protection of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) and providing support to national authorities for the identification of and appropriate assistance to other people with specific needs;. UNHCR also continues to advocate for an expansion of resettlement programmes and the introduction of other complementary pathways for people of concern.

Response and Implementation

Mixed movements are continuing in Central Europe albeit at a slower pace compared to previous years. Refugees and migrants attempt transiting through Bulgaria, Hungary and, to a lesser extent, Croatia, Romania and Slovenia, to reach destination countries. Since most countries have increased the legal and physical restrictions and further limit access to territory, refugees and migrants often resort to the use of unsafe smuggling routes, including by seeking new corridors via land and sea. Collective expulsions continue to be reported throughout the region. UNHCR continues its efforts to work with key players including governments and civil society to strengthen asylum systems where possible and to provide protection to the most vulnerable people of concern, including unaccompanied and separated children, and survivors of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV).
As a part of the UNHCR pilot for the multi-year multi-partner planning, UNHCR in Northern Europe (RRNE) is developing a five-year strategy together with partners and (new) stakeholders, which focuses on access to territory; lean quality asylum procedures, including reception; child-sensitive processes; ending statelessness and supporting solutions beyond Europe, including funding, resettlement and legal pathways. Strengthened engagement with civil society and the private sector to explore ways of facilitating integration is a key component of the strategy.
In Southern Europe, UNHCR will continue focusing on ensuring adequate reception and improving registration procedures, provision of counselling and greater governmental investments in integration. Contingency preparedness activities also remain important. Particularly in Italy, UNHCR is increasing reception monitoring activities, which should allow for enhanced data on reception and protection gaps and improve conditions on the long term. The trend of high numbers of unaccompanied and Separated Children (UASC) arrivals as well as the occurrence of the alarmingly high incidence of SGBV and trafficking are expected to continue in Italy and Spain. UNHCR will continue its engagement in more robust responses to address the special needs of UASC and SGBV survivors. Enhanced exploration of integration opportunities for refugees will be sought in all operations, e.g. through UNHCR’s engagement in the implementation of national integration plans in Italy and Malta.
In Western Europe, UNHCR remains concerned by restrictive legislations introduced in several countries with regards to border controls, asylum procedures and family reunification. In response, UNHCR has increased protection monitoring and will continue to promote safe access to territory and fair and efficient asylum procedures, and reinforce efforts to facilitate integration and find other durable solutions. UNHCR will also provide technical expertise, training, coordination with authorities and partners to prevent and respond to sexual and gender-based violence and other protection risks in reception centres, and to ensure effective protection to unaccompanied and separated children.

2018 Budget for Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Belgium Regional Office 21,815,6141,274,3160023,089,930
Greece 239,218,25988,95300239,307,212
Hungary Regional Office 15,032,005541,539162,653015,736,198
Italy Regional Office 30,795,850196,7090030,992,559
Sweden Regional Office 4,798,227482,208005,280,435
Regional activities 24,186,199480,0000024,666,199
Total 335,846,1543,063,726162,6530339,072,533

2018 Voluntary Contributions to Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe overall
European Union 910,71100 910,711
Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe overall subtotal 910,71100 910,711
Belgium Regional Office
Austria 00283,754 283,754
Ireland 265,47500 265,475
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 265,97200 265,972
Belgium Regional Office subtotal 531,4470283,754 815,201
Germany 00621,118 621,118
Germany subtotal 00621,118 621,118
European Union 195,005,84600 195,005,846
Greece subtotal 195,005,84600 195,005,846
Hungary Regional Office
European Union 1,008,10800 1,008,108
Hungary Regional Office subtotal 1,008,10800 1,008,108
Italy Regional Office
Italy 2,845,89800 2,845,898
Italy Regional Office subtotal 2,845,89800 2,845,898
Regional activities
International Organization for Migration 22,29200 22,292
Regional activities subtotal 22,29200 22,292
Sweden Regional Office
Russian Federation 0200,0000 200,000
Sweden Regional Office subtotal 0200,0000 200,000
Total 200,324,303200,000904,872 201,429,175