Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe

Operational information on the Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

| Andorra | Austria | Belgium | Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Holy See (the) | Hungary | Iceland| Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein | Lithuania | Luxembourg | Malta | Monaco |Netherlands (the) | Norway |Poland | Republic of Moldova (the) Portugal | Romania |San Marino | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the) |

Subregion: Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe

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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe

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2018 {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"budget":[110.92231352,386.522619389,336.889691428,344.72385762,352.72934304,343.18511304],"expenditure":[82.16008297,240.0086692,274.12353993,300.51151883,null,null]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[104.603939475,382.144094999,333.136415548,341.52840399,349.53334685,340.45398256],"p2":[5.127210913,3.39118021,2.97903254,3.03280026,2.94007163,2.49427036],"p3":[1.191163132,0.98734418,0.77424334,0.16265337,0.25592456,0.23686012],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020],"p1":[77.86368722,236.40963004,270.97183222,298.0660434,null,null],"p2":[3.24322882,2.63812679,2.47224807,2.3235376,null,null],"p3":[1.05316693,0.96091237,0.67945964,0.12193783,null,null],"p4":[null,null,null,null,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2020 [projected]

[["Refugees",2882240],["Asylum-seekers",809063],["Stateless",371618]]
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Working environment and response in 2020

In recent years, many people have sought protection in Europe. Some refugees from beyond the immediate region ­– such as Syria, Afghanistan, Nigeria and Iraq –­ are seeking safety from conflicts and violence in other parts of the world, which have sparked large-scale and protracted displacement.
 
With a limited number of safe pathways and lengthy process for accessing people, many fleeing persecution have few choices, including those trying to reunite with family members in Europe.
 
By the end of 2019, the number of people of concern in Europe is expected to have stabilized, with some 11.2 million refugees and migrants continuing to cross the Mediterranean Sea, although in decreasing numbers. In Southern Europe, Italy will continue to witness a decline in sea arrivals in 2020, while Spain will witness a growing number of arrivals from the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. 
 
Despite population figures stabilizing, UNHCR’s focus will remain on creating or strengthening States’ capacities to process asylum claims and protect the large number of children arriving in Europe, often unaccompanied.
 
UNHCR will continue to strengthen its external relations and communication to: steer political and public discussions on refugee and migration issues; ensure people of concern’s access to territory and asylum; stop push-backs at borders in the region to neighbouring countries; support the reinforcement and development of well-functioning asylum systems; improve reception conditions; reinforce access to effective protection systems and durable solutions, in particular integration; strengthen partnerships; and lead interagency efforts to improve Europe’s response to its refugee and displacement situations.

UNHCR will continue to implement its multi-year, multi-partner planning in Northern Europe, which comprises better access to territory and quality asylum procedures; greater focus on the integration of people of concern into host communities; the establishment of child-sensitive systems for refugee and migrant children; and finding solutions beyond Europe for people of concern, such as increased resettlement and use of legal pathways.  UNHCR will also capitalize on the Nordic countries’ strong engagement with the Global Compact on Refugees and Global Refugee Forum to generate political and financial support to its global activities and mandate, and to increase awareness about refugee situations and their causes.
 
In Western Europe, UNHCR will strengthen its focus on EU engagement and advocacy at the highest political and strategic levels. Its aims will be to ensure enhanced political and policy partnership with the EU; continue and increase EU funding; in the context of the GCR, ensure the interests of people of concern are reflected in EU policies.
 
A large number of refugees remain in need of solutions in many European countries, but popular support for political parties with an anti-migration stance is on the rise. In this context, UNHCR will use proactive, timely and targeted media engagement to counter negative political rhetoric. The protection and solutions strategy will focus on improving the quality of national asylum procedures and reception conditions; strengthening the prevention of, and response to, sexual and gender-based violence; protecting unaccompanied and separated children; and expanding legal pathways, including access to family reunification, integration and the eradication of statelessness.
 
UNHCR will continue to engage in advocacy and capacity building activities with governments and civil society in Central Europe.  More effort will be made to monitor and increase interventions at sensitive borders where push-back to neighouring countries occurs, such as Croatia.  Through judicial engagement and strategic litigation, UNHCR will seek to address protection gaps in international and national legal frameworks. Strategic partnerships with the EC, EASO/EUAA, FRONTEX, FRA, CoE, OSCE/ OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human rights, IOM, other UN agencies and other protection actors will be pursued at regional and national levels.  UNHCR’s active engagement with the public and policy makers to foster attitudes and policies that are favourable to refugees and asylum-seekers remains a priority.
 
In Southern Europe, where there are fewer arrivals in Italy but more in Spain, UNHCR will focus on litigation and the quality assurance of refugee status determination; supporting the integration of refugees in host communities; prevention of sexual and gender-based violence; and access to special care and services for unaccompanied and separated children. The Office will gradually adjust its role in Italy and upgrade monitoring to support the multi-year transition of the eligibility system. It will support quality monitoring of reception standards; facilitate access to information and services for people of concern; and boost local and national stakeholders’ knowledge of community-based protection. UNHCR will continue to influence legislation and policy to ensure higher standards of protection and access to territory in Cyprus, and it will promote the integration of refugees and asylum-seekers in the sub-region.

2020 Budget for Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
Belgium Multi-Country Office 12,103,644391,9830012,495,627
Cyprus 2,928,0644,000002,932,064
France 3,560,234226,991003,787,225
Germany 2,259,69538,265002,297,959
Greece 275,159,63684,24700275,243,883
Hungary Regional Office 12,211,004470,247236,860012,918,111
Italy Multi-Country Office 17,987,160189,3160018,176,476
Malta 1,314,0825,000001,319,082
Spain Multi-Country Office 5,557,39331,220005,588,613
Sweden Multi-Country Office 4,678,745650,000005,328,745
United Kingdom 2,694,326403,002003,097,328
Total 340,453,9832,494,270236,8600343,185,113

2020 Voluntary Contributions to Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
All
pillars
Total
Belgium Multi-Country Office
European Union 134,50300 134,503
Belgium Multi-Country Office subtotal 134,50300 134,503
France
France 1,227,52700 1,227,527
Private donors in France 28,40900 28,409
France subtotal 1,255,93600 1,255,936
Germany
Germany 00550,055 550,055
Germany subtotal 00550,055 550,055
Greece
Czech Republic 0085,256 85,256
Education Cannot Wait 1,403,42200 1,403,422
European Economic Area 608,76700 608,767
European Union 7,341,27000 7,341,270
Norway 104,97100 104,971
Private donors in Austria 00537 537
Private donors in Italy 0028,187 28,187
Private donors in Liechtenstein 000 0
Private donors in Sweden 125,00000 125,000
Private donors in the United States of America 15,0000201,400 216,400
United States of America 500,00001,400,000 1,900,000
Greece subtotal 10,098,42901,715,380 11,813,809
Italy MCO
Private donors in Italy 5,24000 5,240
Italy MCO subtotal 5,24000 5,240
Malta
Malta 55,00600 55,006
Malta subtotal 55,00600 55,006
Sweden Multi-Country Office
Russian Federation 0187,7930 187,793
Sweden Multi-Country Office subtotal 0187,7930 187,793
United Kingdom
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 250,98300 250,983
United Kingdom subtotal 250,98300 250,983
Total 11,800,096187,7932,265,435 14,253,324
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 18-MAY-2020
    Italy

    private donors

    $81,432
  • United States of America

    private donors

    $1,000,000
  • 14-MAY-2020
    United States of America

    private donors

    $81,878
  • France
    $20,000,000
  • 13-MAY-2020
    Estonia
    $162,866
  • 12-MAY-2020
    Kazakhstan
    $100,000
  • Spain
    $590,662
  • 11-MAY-2020
    United States of America
    $24,500,000
  • 08-MAY-2020
    Monaco
    $195,437
  • Norway
    $21,917,131
  • 07-MAY-2020
    United Arab Emirates

    private donors

    $500,000
  • 04-MAY-2020
    Liechtenstein

    private donors

    $102,775
  • 30-APR-2020
    Singapore

    private donors

    $200,000
  • Malaysia

    private donors

    $232,698
  • South Africa

    private donors

    $61,135
  • Greece

    private donors

    $81,095
  • Japan

    private donors

    $2,338,794
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $7,692,788
  • Egypt

    private donors

    $684,950
  • China

    private donors

    $842,342