South Asia

Operational information on the South Asia subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:

Subregion: South Asia


Latest update of camps and office locations 21  Nov  2016. By clicking on the icons on the map, additional information is displayed.

  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017

Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion South Asia

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2015 {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"budget":[46.67074881,38.83990516,38.01255843,40.155756026,31.13609019,29.34400594],"expenditure":[26.37420412,21.59224672,20.09817583,21.52481164,null,null]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[36.20433892,30.53528496,31.38118692,30.414702728,29.54724963,28.69293557],"p2":[1.50142108,1.59597114,2.33688426,2.015722658,0.79978432,0.65107037],"p3":[1.411101,4.25807955,3.0300486,2.52347713,null,null],"p4":[7.55388781,2.45056951,1.26443865,5.20185351,0.78905624,null]} {"categories":[2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017],"p1":[20.5353762,18.64725819,18.17582881,15.66072641,null,null],"p2":[0.8580438,0.77786737,0.46339643,0.47847665,null,null],"p3":[0.623778,1.21656801,0.49188202,0.49332446,null,null],"p4":[4.35700612,0.95055315,0.96706857,4.89228412,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2017 [projected]

[["Refugees",232521],["Asylum-seekers",11810],["IDPs",15000],["Returned IDPs",15000],["Returned refugees",4000],["Others of concern",5]]
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Operational Environment and Strategy

The Governments of India, Nepal and Sri Lanka continue to offer asylum to a considerable number of refugees. The main populations of concern to UNHCR in the subregion include some 200,000 refugees and asylum seekers of various origins living in India (of whom over 38,000 are registered with UNHCR); over 27,000 refugees and asylum-seekers in Nepal, including approximately 12,000 refugees from Bhutan living in two camps; and nearly 1,400 refugees and asylum-seekers and more than 54,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) and returnees in Sri Lanka.

Sustainable livelihoods, reliable community-support networks, and access to specialized services for people with specific needs are some of the main challenges faced by refugees in the three countries. In India, poverty remains a key challenge for the majority of refugees and asylum-seekers. The quality of public health and education in the refugee camps in Nepal has suffered from the departure of skilled refugee workers who have been resettled. In Sri Lanka, many people of concern including refugees, refugee returnees and IDPs still struggle to meet their basic needs, although a number of positive steps have been taken by the Government since the beginning of 2015 to address these issues.

UNHCR cooperates with the concerned governments in the South Asia subregion, as well as with NGOs and other stakeholders, to protect, assist, and find durable solutions for refugees and other people of concern. In close coordination with governments, UNHCR continues to fill gaps in protection and assistance, with a focus on the most vulnerable, including women, children, the elderly, survivors of sexual and gender-based violence, and people with specific needs. Through stronger partnerships with the concerned governments and non-governmental partners in 2017, UNHCR aims to enhance protection and opportunities for solutions, including through community outreach, strengthening self-reliance and livelihoods, and identifying and facilitating solutions through voluntary return, resettlement and local integration.

2017 Budget for South Asia | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
India 15,712,000102,4360015,814,436
Nepal 7,421,663488,468007,910,131
Sri Lanka 5,559,27260,166005,619,439
Total 28,692,936651,0700029,344,006

2017 Voluntary Contributions to South Asia | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
South Asia overall
United States of America 01,400,000 1,400,000
South Asia overall subtotal 01,400,000 1,400,000
Canada 0158,427 158,427
European Union 676,0990 676,099
Private donors in Italy 1060 106
Private donors in the Netherlands 478,1300 478,130
Nepal subtotal 1,154,335158,427 1,312,761
Total 1,154,3351,558,427 2,712,761