South Asia

Operational information on the South Asia subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:
 

Subregion: South Asia

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Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion South Asia

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2018 {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"budget":[38.83990516,38.01255843,40.155756026,31.13609019,28.76000594,27.68336743],"expenditure":[21.59224672,20.09817583,21.52481164,15.50899342,16.95236163,14.40133565]} {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"p1":[30.53528496,31.38118692,30.414702728,29.54724963,27.91295062,26.85531858],"p2":[1.59597114,2.33688426,2.015722658,0.79978432,0.84705532,0.82804885],"p3":[4.25807955,3.0300486,2.52347713,null,null,null],"p4":[2.45056951,1.26443865,5.20185351,0.78905624,null,null]} {"categories":[2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018],"p1":[18.64725819,18.17582881,15.66072641,14.42512168,16.19245821,13.78850182],"p2":[0.77786737,0.46339643,0.47847665,0.50810053,0.75990342,0.61283383],"p3":[1.21656801,0.49188202,0.49332446,null,null,null],"p4":[0.95055315,0.96706857,4.89228412,0.57577121,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2018

[["Refugees",217499],["Asylum-seekers",12754],["IDPs",35473],["Returned IDPs",3849],["Returned refugees",1422],["Others of concern",543]]
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India, Nepal and Sri Lank are not signatories to the 1951 Refugee Convention, however they continued to host refugees, asylum-seekers and returnees in 2018. The total population of concern to UNHCR in South Asia stood at some 271,500 people at the end of 2018, representing a slight increase from close to 270,700 people of concern at the end of 2017.
 
UNHCR continued to carry out registration, RSD and documentation as well as across South Asia, while attempting to raise awareness and build the capacity of the Governments in the region.

Refugees throughout South Asia struggled to meet basic needs as a result of inadequate access to employment, education, and health care. UNHCR was working to enhance protection and opportunities for solutions, through community based initiatives, innovative partnerships, and strengthening self-reliance.
 
UNHCR also advocated for people of concern to be included in the national services, such as education and health-care. An achievement was made in Nepal, where refugees In the Beldangi camp were enrolled into the National Health Insurance programme at par with Nepalese nationals. Efforts to mainstream services in other areas continued. 
While not signatories to the 1951 Convention, the Governments of India, Nepal and Sri Lanka continue to offer asylum to a considerable number of refugees. The main populations of concern to UNHCR in the subregion include nearly 200,000 refugees and asylum-seekers of various origins living in India (of whom 24,500 are registered with UNHCR); 23,500 refugees and asylum-seekers in Nepal, including 8,000 refugees from Bhutan still residing in two camps; and 650 refugees and asylum-seekers and 37,000 IDPs in Sri Lanka.
 
The main protection challenges faced by refugees in the sub region include the lack of sustainable livelihoods as well as limited access to documentation and specialized services for people with specific needs.  UNHCR cooperates with the concerned governments in the subregion, as well as NGOs and other stakeholders to protect, assist, and find durable solutions for refugees and other people of concern. In close coordination with governments, UNHCR continues to provide protection and assistance, focusing on the most vulnerable — women, children, elderly, survivors of sexual and gender-based violence and people with specific needs.
 
Through stronger partnerships with the concerned governments and non-governmental partners in 2018, UNHCR aims to enhance protection and opportunities for solutions, including through community outreach, strengthening self-reliance and livelihoods, and identifying and facilitating solutions through voluntary return, resettlement and local integration. For instance, UNHCR will continue to expand its partners in Sri Lanka to further support the voluntary repatriation and return of refugees in India in 2018.

2018 Budget and Expenditure in South Asia | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
Total
India Budget
Expenditure
15,633,434
5,643,824
181,000
75,678
0
0
0
0
15,814,434
5,719,502
Nepal Budget
Expenditure
6,188,108
5,470,464
538,995
460,328
0
0
0
0
6,727,104
5,930,792
Sri Lanka Budget
Expenditure
5,033,776
2,674,213
108,053
76,828
0
0
0
0
5,141,830
2,751,042
Total Budget
Expenditure
26,855,319
13,788,502
828,049
612,834
0
0
0
0
27,683,367
14,401,336

2018 Voluntary Contributions to South Asia | USD

Earmarking / Donor Pillar 1
Refugee programme
All
pillars
Total
South Asia overall
United States of America 05,300,000 5,300,000
South Asia overall subtotal 05,300,000 5,300,000
India
Private donors in Japan 268,1890 268,189
India subtotal 268,1890 268,189
Nepal
Australia 0347,868 347,868
European Union 475,2200 475,220
Private donors in Italy 0189 189
Private donors in Japan 192,7460 192,746
Nepal subtotal 667,965348,057 1,016,023
Total 936,1545,648,057 6,584,211
Note:
Latest contributions
  • 14-NOV-2019
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    $10,296,011
  • 13-NOV-2019
    Switzerland
    $504,032
  • 06-NOV-2019
    Germany
    $91,430
  • 04-NOV-2019
    Germany
    $10,000,000
  • 01-NOV-2019
    Sweden
    $4,113,534
  • Lithuania
    $55,555
  • 31-OCT-2019
    Netherlands

    private donors

    $230,277
  • Spain

    private donors

    $7,997,929
  • Mexico

    private donors

    $73,558
  • Italy

    private donors

    $1,753,272
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    private donors

    $331,976
  • 30-OCT-2019
    Thailand

    private donors

    $735,313
  • Brazil

    private donors

    $214,605
  • Germany
    $173,960,613
  • Malaysia

    private donors

    $191,485
  • Philippines

    private donors

    $145,441
  • China

    private donors

    $866,589
  • Republic of Korea

    private donors

    $3,866,688
  • Canada

    private donors

    $491,090
  • 29-OCT-2019
    Japan
    $2,193,428