South Asia

Operational information on the South Asia subregion is presented below. A summary of this can also be downloaded in PDF format. This subregion covers the following countries:

Subregion: South Asia


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  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019

Budgets and Expenditure in Subregion South Asia

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2017 {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"budget":[38.01255843,40.155756026,31.13609019,28.76000594,27.68336743,25.7709961],"expenditure":[20.09817583,21.52481164,15.50899342,16.95236163,null,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[31.38118692,30.414702728,29.54724963,27.91295062,26.85531858,25.11012674],"p2":[2.33688426,2.015722658,0.79978432,0.84705532,0.82804885,0.66086936],"p3":[3.0300486,2.52347713,null,null,null,null],"p4":[1.26443865,5.20185351,0.78905624,null,null,null]} {"categories":[2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019],"p1":[18.17582881,15.66072641,14.42512168,16.19245821,null,null],"p2":[0.46339643,0.47847665,0.50810053,0.75990342,null,null],"p3":[0.49188202,0.49332446,null,null,null,null],"p4":[0.96706857,4.89228412,0.57577121,null,null,null]}
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People of Concern - 2019 [projected]

[["Refugees",211437],["Asylum-seekers",7717],["IDPs",33000],["Returned IDPs",3000],["Returned refugees",5000],["Others of concern",268]]
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Operational Environment and Response in 2019

While not signatories to the 1951 Convention, the Governments of India, Nepal and Sri Lanka continue to offer asylum to a considerable number of refugees. The projected number of people of concern in the sub-region in 2019 stands at more than 260,000 people, with some 211,000 refugees and 5,000 returned refugees.
The main protection challenges faced by refugees in the sub-region, in particular urban refugees, include the lack of sustainable livelihoods; limited access to services including specialized services for persons with specific needs; and the absence of frameworks allowing for temporary stay and protection.  UNHCR continues to provide protection and assistance, focusing on the most vulnerable — women, children, elderly, survivors of sexual and gender-based violence and people with specific needs.
UNHCR continues to pursue solutions for Bhutanese refugees in Nepal and Sri Lankan refugees in Tamil Nadu, India. With the last resettlement departures of Bhutanese refugees having taken place at the end of 2018, UNHCR is working with local and national authorities and the refugee community to build self-reliance and enhance inclusion of refugees in social protection services. UNHCR is also reaching out to development partners to encourage investment in refugee hosting areas which have for decades supported the refugees.
UNHCR continues to facilitate repatriation by air to Sri Lanka, but is prepared to provide additional support should an agreement be reached to resume ferry services, which would allow for an increased number of refugees to return with more belongings.

2019 Budget for South Asia | USD

Operation Pillar 1
Refugee programme
Pillar 2
Stateless programme
Pillar 3
Reintegration projects
Pillar 4
IDP projects
India 16,019,427148,8040016,168,231
Nepal 5,019,071480,929005,500,000
Sri Lanka 4,071,62931,136004,102,765
Total 25,110,127660,8690025,770,996

2019 Voluntary Contributions to South Asia | USD

Earmarking / Donor All
South Asia overall
United States of America 500,000 500,000
South Asia overall subtotal 500,000 500,000
Australia 164,498 164,498
Nepal subtotal 164,498 164,498
Total 664,498 664,498